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Movers, Shakers & Newsmakers 2012 5th Period

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Movers, Shakers & Newsmakers 2012 5th Period - Page Text Content

S: Movers, Shakers & Newsmakers

1: Table of Contents NEWSPAPER Jessica Richey 2-3 Alex Combs 4-5 Emily Howser 6-7 Kailey Tharp 8-9 Collin Lewis 10-11 MAGAZINES 12-17 Ryan Heil 12-13 Worawong Nagara 14-15 Kelsie Collins 16-17 Billie Goble 28-29 Caitlyn Abplanalp 26-27 RADIO/TELEVISION 18-25 Jacky Valencia 18-19 Sarah Sebastian 20-21 Kristen Hahn 22-23 Tiffany Couch 24-25 INTERNET 26-29 Works Cited 30-31

2: The Typewriter American Printer and Writer, Christopher Sholes, designed the first modern typewriter in 1867. His two friends, Carlos Glidden and Samuel Soule helped him with this rather heavy device for the next five years. There was still some minor “quick fix” things wrong with the typewriter, but E. Remington and Sons Co. offered Sholes $12,000 and he accepted. When he accepted he gave up all rights to the machine to the company. Remington mechanics made some adjustments and the typewriter was out on the market later in 1873. This allowed more information to get onto paper in a shorter amount of time. | An advertising poster from when Remington Got the typewriter on the market. | Inventions That Changed Communication | Louis Braille What happens to the people who couldn’t read because they were blind? That’s where Louis Braille comes in. In 1829 Louis Braille invented the braille system for the blind when he was only a teen. This system consists of a pattern of raised dots that are felt with the fingertips. There is a certain pattern for each letter of the alphabet. Braille was inspired to create this system because he was blind from the age of three and as he got older he was full of desire to read.This system enabled the blind to read either as fast or almost as fast as someone who can see with only their hands. | Statue of Lois Braille after he passed in memory of what he did for the blind. | By: Jessica Richey

3: The Telephone The telephone was invented in 1876 by Alexander Graham Bell along with Thomas Watson. It was actually invented by accident; Bell was trying to make a device that could send more than one telegraph at a time, but it came out as the telephone. The first telephone didn’t have a ringer so the person making the call had to tap the phone with a hammer for the receiver to know they had an incoming call. On January 15, 1915 Bell and Watson were the first people to ever make a phone call from one side of the country to the other. The telephone was already popular, but after World War 2 they really started booming. It began getting too expensive for each person to have their own line so the party line was invented. The party line was a system where each person had their own telephone but there was three to four houses on each line. This was much cheaper, but you could pick up the telephone and listen to your neighbors conversations. Eventually everyone was back on their own line and it wasn’t a problem. The telephone was one of the top inventions that changed communication because you didn’t have to sit down and write or type out a letter to someone or get out to go see them you could just pick up the phone and call them. | Telephones have changed dramatically from the 1870s to today. | Telephones have went from Alexander Graham Bell... | To Steve Jobs.

4: Early Days Have you ever wondered how we obtained freedom of the press? It all starts in the year 1697 in palatinate, Germany when John Peter Zenger was born. He was 10 years old when his family made the voyage to America. He lost his father on that voyage. When he got to America his family struggled to survive with the loss of his father. He had to get a job as an indentured servant to William Bradford. He became fond of the printing business while working for Bradford. He didn't get his own printing shop until 1726. | Jail Time We don't hear again about Zenger until 7 years later in the year 1734 when he printed a report supposedly written by James Alexander (all though that could not be proved) talking about newly elected senator William Cosby. Cosby was furious and had Zenger thrown in jail for Libel. Which in those times meant speaking against the king whether the statements were true or didn't matter. Zenger was in jail 8 months before going to trial. When his trial was heard Cosby had placed payed juries so the case was not fair. Zenger's lawyer (one of the most famous lawyers in the colonies at the time from Pennsylvania) was Andrew Hamilton | John Peter Zingers case still stands as one of the most important cases in U.S history | John Peter Zenger | By: Alex Combs

5: The Result Hamilton found out and had it fixed immediately. Once the new juries were in the case began. Hamilton argued to prove what he said about Cosby to be false (no one did). It took the jury only 10 minutes to come to the verdict of not guilty. The nation was forever changed with the birth of freedom of the press. This case and others helped the push to win the Revolutionary war and secede from England. | The New York Weekly journal which is Zenger's paper was thought to be the first ever to post about the winning case but was actually 2nd because there was a side article in a paper a week earlier. | JOhn Peter Zenger was a well respected printer in New York

6: Early Newspapers By:Emily Howser | In 1609, Boston printer Benjamin Harris produced the first issue of Publick Occurrences, the first newspaper published in Britain's North American colonies. Under British law any book, pamphlet, ect. was illegal to publish without the government's approval, which Harris did not obtain. Within a few days after publication authorities collected and destroyed all copies they could find. However one copy has survived and is in the British library. This is important to journalism because it paved the way for more newspapers to come after it. | Publick Occurrences | This is the one and only copy North America has of the first news-letter Publick Occurrences. (http://raglinen.com) | The Boston News-Letter | The Boston News-Letter, the first continuous newsletter,published its first issue on April 24, 1704. A bookseller and postmaster named John Cambell was the first editor. He printed the newsletter on what was referred to as a half sheet and shipped out papers weekly. | The Boston News-Letter was America's first continuously published newspaper. (http://www.earlyamerica.com/earlyamerica/firsts/newspaper/front.html)

7: In some cases, a wife became a publisher upon her husband's death. This is what happened to Elizabeth Timothy who ran the Charleston newspaper in 1739 when her husband, Lewis Timothy, died. Elizabeth was the first woman publisher. Upon Lewis's death Elizabeth listed herself as the editor and her son, Peter, as the printer, however Peter didn't take over the newspaper until years later. This is important to journalism because it was the opening for women to get a job in this field. | May 30, 1783, was the day the nation's first daily newspaper released its first publication. The Pennsylvania Evening Post was first printed by Benjamin Towne in Philadelphia. This was important to journalism because it released the idea that you could get news everyday instead of waiting a week. | Women and News Business | This is the passage Elizabeth wrote to encourage people to keep reading her paper even though the editor was now a woman instead of a man. (http://www.nwhm.org | The Pennsylvania Evening Post | The Pennsylvania Evening Post was the first newspaper to print the Declaration of Independence. (http://myloc.gov)

8: The Penny Press | By:Kailey Tharp | Page 8 | The penny press was invented in the 1830’s during depression times for those lower class people who couldn't really afford America's 6 cent paper. These penny papers only cost one cent apiece but actually provided better news articles that were more catchy and better than the 6 cent papers. They were cheap and caught peoples attention. Soon the 6 cent papers were almost never bought and they were coming out with a wider range of new articles for the penny paper every week. This made it easier for the people to see what was happening in the world and the penny press actually made more money. | The Penny Press was best known for its tiny expenses. It became very sought after with the American public while other papers cost around six cents per paper, and they were able to sell off their papers for a mere cent. The small cost made newspapers and news more accessible for more than just the higher class Americans for the first time ever. News and Journalism became more important overall and it was a breakthrough throughout the whole country. These one cent newspapers included articles about the police stations, criminal courts, and divorce courts, to spread throughout the paper to make their news more eye-catching to their viewers. | 6 cent papers were a little harder to come by and were less interesting than the one cent papers. | Penny papers only cost a penny and were easier to come by for the lower class people.

9: Benjamin Day was from New England, who worked with the Springfield, Massachusetts paper, the “Republican”. He came to the state of New York to become a compositor, but in the depression of 1833, he created “The Sun” in needful times. Day said that a penny paper would be enjoyed by many people in hard times as many could not pay the expenses of a 6-cent paper. Benjamin Day was the person to thank for the daily newspaper. The newspaper went from not very much of a necessity to the only thing people relied on for their daily choice of news.These changes were mostly seen in New York City, Boston, Philadelphia, and other East Coast cities. Later in the year, he introduced ”The Sun”. “The Sun” appealed to bigger amount of people, using an easier, more direct version, with better more vivid, interesting stories. | Breakthrough | Page 9 | “The New York dailies” proceeded to redefine journalism. James Bennett's Herald, for example, did not only write about the missing David Livingstone in Africa; they sent Henry Stanley to search for him, and he succeeded to find him in Uganda. The accomplishment of Stanley's adventures and stories prompted Bennett to employ more people who would end up becoming investigative journalists. He was also known as being the first American publisher to take an American newspaper to Europe by establishing the Paris Herald ,which was the forerunner of the International Herald Tribune. | "The Sun" article added a brand new addition to the one cent paper making it more intriguing to the viewer | On the morning of September 3, 1833 America's new one cent paper became a breakthrough.

10: Yellow Journalism- Is a term first used during the famous newspaper war between William Randolph Hearst and Joseph Pulitzer II, Pulitzer’s paper the New York World and Hearst’s New York journal changed the newspaper adding more interesting stories and Cartoon drawings (Comic Strips) When more cartoons were being made Pulitzer made his own cartoon called “The Yellow Kid” in 1896. The cartoon was made by R.F. Outcault and became one of the many things that Pulitzer and Hearst fought about because Pulitzer and Hearst were rivals. Hearst later took his cartoon from pulitzer by offering him a really big salary, Pulitzer made another version of the cartoon that was like “The Yellow Kid” to keep competing with Hearst. With all the competition with both the newspapers, the news had to much drama and the newspaper was changed to fit story ideas so that the consumers would buy more newspapers MAny people believe Hearst had a major effect in the Spanish American war because Hearst took the opportunity to make his newspapers sale even more, he did this by having the first newspaper to station a team of reporters in Cuba to study the events that were happening there, Hearst published everything that was studied no mater how brutal it was Hearst made the president sign a bill officially entering America into the war. | William Randolph Hearst | Joseph Pulitzer

11: Joseph Pulitzer He was a newspaper publisher of the St. Louis post dispatch and the New York World,He was known to have introduced the techniques of “new journalism” to the newspapers he acquired in the 1880’s, He was legendary for becoming the national figure in the Democratic Party and was elected congress men from New York, he was born on April,10th 1847 Yellow Journalism was a type of righting that was not based on true facts or research of things, it was based on what caught the readers eye and would looked good to the reader,yellow journalism is still used today but it’s used more in journalism that looks completely unprofessional. | William Randolph Hearst Was born in San Francisco in 1863,He studied at Harvard University for 13 years,he took over the San Francisco Examiner from his father in 1887,he was inspired by Joseph pulitzer, Hearst turned the news paper into investigating,and reporting. He had a reputation for having the best journalist available. The term Yellow Journalism was used in the late nineteenth century with the battles between Joseph Pultzir and William Randolph Hearst, The battle went on from 1985 to about 1898, and historical usage often refers specifically to this period,Both of the papers were accused by critics of present information in order to drive up the ratings, even though the newspaper did a lot of reporting as well. Hearst was the founder of the Corporation, He is consider a very dominate person in the 20th century he was also considered one of the best leader in the Spanish American War, During his career in Journalism radio and movies, he changed the way the media would see news t throughout the world. | William Randolph Hearst.

12: Magazine Timeline | By : Ryan Heil | Have you ever read a magazine? Have you ever looked at it’s history? Magazines go all the way back to 1731, in London when The Gentleman’s Magazine was first published. This company ran strong for about 200 years, until 1922. It was the first to use the actual term “magazine” (from a French magazine, meaning “storehouse”) for a period of time. Mr. Samuel Johnson was know to be the first regular employee as a writer for The Gentleman’s Magazine. The original complete title was The Gentleman’s: or, Trader’s monthly intelligencer. Before the founding of The Gentleman’s Magazine, there were special journals but no wide-ranged publishing, although it was edited by Peter Motteux and it ran from 1692 to 1694. | Samuel Johnson’s very first regular writer employee position was for The Gentleman’s Magazine itself. During a short time when reporting was banned, Johnson regularly would do reports as “Debates of the Senate of Magna Lilliputia”. Later Johnson went on to complete a series called Columbia, a poetic name for America. It first appeared in 1738 on a weekly publication in the British Parliament in Magazine.

13: Time is an American weekly news magazine published in New York City, New York. There is also a European edition (Time Europe, formally known as Time Atlantic) and it is published in London and also covers the Middle East, Africa and since late 2003, Latin America. The third and last edition is an Asian edition (Time Asia) and it is based in Hong Kong. Time is the world’s largest circulating weekly magazine with a readership of twenty-five million. Which includes twenty million out of the US. It is known as one of the most popular magazines in history. Richard Stengel has been the managing editor since May 2006 and is still going strong producing a widely spread and highly successful magazine. It was created in 1923 by Briton Hadden and Henry Luce, making it the first weekly news magazine in the United States. | These two writers have worked as a team in the past as chairman and managing editor for the Yale Daily News and also called Facts. Around one time there were raising $100,000US from a wealthy Yale alumni named Henry P. Davidson, a partner from J.P. Morgan & Co. In 1967 Henry Luce passed away, the Time Inc. stock witch Luce owned was worth about $109 million, and they yielded him yearly of no more than a income $2.4 million.

14: Journalism, has been around since way back to the eras of Julius Cesar. However the journalism that we know it, in the forms of a printing press started later back in 1456, With the invention of printing press which later, spread North America. It was heavily influenced and changed since then. | This new movement, was started by magazines Collier’s Weekly, Munsey’s Magazine, and McClure’s Magazine. Ida M. Tarbell, Lincoln Steffens, and Ray Stannard Baker, these three are all journalists who dedicate their articles to uncovering the truth laid behind all of our sights, and was never reported to the public’s eyes. | The 1902 issue of McClure’s Magazine featured an articleby Lincoln Steffens and Claude H. Wetmore, the famous “Tweed Days in St.Louis”. The article was known as the first written, and publicly published Muckraking story. | McClure’s Magazine continued its muckraking publishes while also gaining more and more interest from the public. The 1903 issue, introduced articles featuring stories ‘muck-raked’ by Lincoln Steffens and two more muckraking journalists, Ida Tarbell and Ray Stannard Baker.

15: The “Muckraking” trend had grained more and more interest from the public. The growing interest of uncovered government truth at that time, seem to be somewhat, unstoppable. "Yellow Journalism" had dominated journalism before the investigative reports come along. Journalism since then, has been dominated by the “Muckrakers” | The earliest cases muck-raked by the Muckrakers include the corruption and bribery of Timmany boss William M. Tweed. The man responsible for this muck-rake, Lincoln Steffens. Steffens titled his article “Tweed Days in St.Louis”. The article containing Steffen’s investigation was published by McClure’s Magazine in 1902. Steffen’s article revealed in gerenal, that William M. Tweed, the boss of “Tammany” bribed citizens and immigrants of New York City to vote him the governmental control of NYC. William M. Tweed was arrested after that in 1871. Steffen’s report since then, was one of the most famous cases of the Muckraking era.

16: By: Kelsie Collins | Nellie Bly, whose real name was Elizabeth Jane Cochran, was born on May 5, 1864 in Cochran's Mills, Pennsylvania. She later moved to Pittsburgh with her mother. There, she read a column written by a man from Pittsburgh that insulted the “working women.” She was enraged when she read the column, so this led her to write a letter to the newspaper. The newspaper loved the fire in her writing and decided to hire her. She then received the pen name Nellie Bly. | After writing for the women's page for long enough in Pittsburgh, she decided she would try her luck in New York. She searched for some time for a job and finally, the editor of “New York World” asked her to write a story about the mentally ill living at an asylum located in New York. Bly visited the island, and wrote the story as if she were one of the patients. At twenty three years old, she originated a brand new kind of investigative, undercover reporting like no one had ever done before. Throughout her career, she wrote from the perspectives of the poor, mistreated, and unfortunate, always siding with them in her stories. She was known to add her own thoughts, personality, and opinions to all of her stories. She helped to create what we know today as investigative reporting. This forever altered the course of journalism. | Nellie Bly | Top Picture Credit: http://digital.library.upenn.edu/women/bly/madhouse/signature.gif Right Picture Credit: http://2.bp.blogspot.com/_kqFn6tyxUHM/TL_sXdcWlZI/AAAAAAAAAG8/AQkkuobvIWU/s1600/nellie_bly_sq.jpg

17: Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein were two reporters for The Washington Post. Between 1972 and 1976, they became the biggest names in journalism. They released the biggest story ever reported in the history of politics in the United States. They tracked a series of illegal acts during Nixon’s presidency beginning with a burglary. Several crooked political tricks followed this crime took place that Nixon tried to cleverly cover up. | The two reporters had inside help from their friend and FBI Associate Director Mark Felt. Woodward and Bernstein questioned him for further inside information several times, to no avail. These two reporters played an enormous role in Nixon’s resignation, the only president in history. Their names will always be remembered for bringing down the man “who was his own worst enemy.” Without their investigative reporting, Nixon could have created a lot more damage for the United States of America. | Reporting Watergate | Nixon during his resignation announcement Credit: http://hisvorpal.files.wordpress.com/2011/08/resigning-nixon.jpg | Carl Bernstein and Bob Woodward Credit: http://www.achievement.com/achievers/woo1/large/woo1-005.jpg | By: Kelsie Collins

18: adcast called LOR Radio Argentina. Chicago also had its first radio station, KYW, in 1921 by Manufacturing Company and Westinghouse Electric. This start of the outbreak of the radio caused people to go out and buy one; social organizations and businesses had to adjust to this new method. Radio started to allow churches to broadcast their services, universities and colleges got a chance for radio-based classes, and newspapers became associated with radio broadcasts. By 1922, there were about 576 certified radio broadcast stations. Then in 1927, Philco constructed the leading car radio which made it become even bigger. | Radio from the 1900s-1930s By:Jacky Valencia The thought of a radio was first originated in 1890 by Italian inventor Guglielmo Marconi, but the crucial parts for the radio weren't established until 1906 by Lee de Forrest. Just a few years later, the test radio station FN was the first to have a normal scheme of programs. Then in 1919, Marconi’s information on radios was bought by General Electric and they formed the Radio Corporation of America, or RCA, which gave a start to NBC Radio. The 1920s were an excellent year for the radio. In Eat, Pittsburgh, KDKA became the first completely authorized commercial station for every day transmissions. Radio was also spread to places like Argentina with it having its first radio bro- | Top Picture: A group of radio broadcasters who helped with the radio station KDKA in 1920. Credit:http://www.pabook.libraries.psu.edu/palitmap/KDKA.html | Top Picture: An early version of the first car radio in the 1920s. Credit:ebay.com

19: Television 1900s- 1950s By: Jacky Valencia The first time “television” was ever used in an article was in Scientific American Magazine in 1907. Some people were excited to learn about this new invention, while others thought it would become a total disaster. Then in 1923, Vladimir Zworykin, or the ‘father of television,’ invented the iconoscope; this helped John L. Baird become the first to telecast an object while in motion in England around 1926. Zworykin once again constructs an important part for the foundation of the television by making the kinescope in 1929. Just one year before this major piece was built, WGY is the first broadcast TV station in New York; General Electric were the creators of this TV station. Later in London in the year of 1935, BBC had “experimental” TV broadcasts for several hours a day that many people would tune into watch. On August of 1926, 150,000 people sat in open TV rooms to watch the Berlin Olympic Games where many of these people had a | first glance at an actual TV. Television was shown to the American public by the RCA at the 1939 New York World's Fair with live coverage of the opening ceremony and a speech by President Roosevelt. This same year, the first televised sport was seen on May 17th. It was a college baseball game between the Columbia Lions and Princeton Tigers, broadcasted by NBC from Columbia's Baker Field. Television was also introduced worldwide to places like Japan and Italy. Then from the years of 1941 to 1946, television was put to a stop on all the experiments and new inventions due to World War II. Later in 1948, Pennsylvania was shown the first cable television station. Then TV started to grow even more common with one million homes in the U.S. owning a TV. Things such as color TV and pay-per-view become available and everyone by that time knew what a TV was. People were thankful and joyful television came into their lives, even the ones who were unsure of it at the start. | Right Side Picture: A camera man broadcasting the first ever televised sport on May 17th, 1939. Credit:http://www.insidesocal.com/tomhoffarth/archives/2009/05/our-daily-dread-55.html

20: Radio 1930s-1950s By: Sarah Sebastian | Radio in the 1930s was considered the "Golden Age." When the decade began, there were around 12 million Americans that had radio's in their homes. By the end of the decade, in 1939, the rate had gone up to 28 million. Radio had such a huge appeal because it was an awesome resource of communicating all over the world. It was very exciting for everyone. It fended as exquisite entertainment because of the much loved comedians. These comedians were Jack Benny, and Fred Allen. News broadcasters also persuaded the way public experienced current affairs. After the 1930s, the popularity of radio began to decrease because of all the newer technologies that were being produced. The early 1940s was one of the scariest times in modern history. The reason why is because that is when World War II took place. This was one of the greatest things to come across the radio in the '40s. Radio provided much faster, accurate, news for everyone. In the 1950s, radio began to compete with cinema, and TV as well. This made radio more competitive, but people still loved radio. | This is a 1930s Radio credit:http://www.adsw.org/event/2007/RadioTelevisionMuseum/Photos2/index.html | Radio played a huge role in journalism. It was the first to do actual broadcast journalism. People got news much quicker through radio than through the newspaper. Radio now is so much different from back then. Radio now has much more vulgar language then in it's early times. I think that technology has had the most effect on radio. Just because everyday there is something new coming out. Also, the way people act nowadays has had a great effect on it. People are much more explicit now then they were back then, no one is near as classy.

21: Television 1990s-2012 By: Sarah Sebastian | that were very popular were, "The Rugrats," and, "Pete & Pete." Kids absolutely loved these shows. Another was, "The Simpsons." It was the first major hit series for Fox network. It definitely caused minor sensation. The explosion of the cable news channels in the '90s really altered the operation of journalism. While the failures of these programs were consistent, something that may be called journalism has been intense. Sadly, the mainstream journalism still mostly chugs along in an isolated reality. Television nowadays is extremely popular. I'm sure some people probably couldn't function if they didn't own one. So many people rely on TV. It is also a great source of entertainment. | Some say that television in the 1990s was the best ever. Television in the '90s grew because of all the new cable networks, digital satellite signals, and WebTV. By the end of this decade, more than 200 broadcast networks and cable channels were available. Many people loved this because now they could relax on their couch and flip through channels and do whatever. As the decade went on the number of channels rocketed. Some channels | What TV's look like nowadays http://www.google.com/imgres?q=tv+in+2012&um=1&hl=en&safe=active&sa=N&biw=\

22: Radio in the 1950s and 1960s By: Kristen Hahn | This picture is of an early radio. this radio was probably made in the early 1950s http://web.eecs.umich.edu/~srs/Antiques/Radios/Panasonic_730.jpg | After World War 2, the need for global communications began to grow and also the realization that a network of reliable stations was required. Harbor Nets and Coastal Nets developed early but the scope of the Empire demanded a worldwide system. This need for global communications spawned the COMMONWEALTH WORLD WIDE RADIO SYSTEM and Canada became part of the system. | With only a few changes in names or geographic location, it was identical to what was in place in 1938 and consisted of three distinct, but interrelated parts.

23: Television in the 1950's and 1960's | Between 1949 and 1969 the number of homes in the United States that had at least one TV grew from less than 1 million to 44 million. Between 1959 and 1970 the percentage of homes in the United States with at least one TV went from 88 percent to 96 percent! The day after major televised events, researchers found that almost everyone was talking about the event. The amount of money advertisers paid TV stations rose from $58 million to $1.5 billion dollars! | The picture to the right is one of the early televisions. It was probably one of the TVs made in the early 60s Credit:http://www.ehow.co.uk/DM-Resize/photos.demandstudios.com/getty/article/81/129/87619135_XS.jpg?w=300&h=300&keep_ratio=1 | When President Kennedy was assassinated on Friday, November 22, 1963, most Americans immediately turned on television sets to get the news. The TV stations devoted many days of airtime to coverage of the tragedy, and the funeral. Many Americans (who may have come home from church early) we're watching live coverage on Sunday morning November 24, when they saw Jack Ruby kill the alleged assassin Lee Harvey Oswald.

24: Radio in the 1970’s through the 1990's had a large effect on the way we see, hear, and receive news today. Ira Glass was changing the face of journalism. He had a radio broadcast program called “This American Life” in the 1990's. It was broadcast out of Chicago WBEZ station. After three and a half years, it aired on 350 public radio stations to an audience of more than 830,000 people. This was one of Chicago's biggest radio news broadcasts of the time. The 70s also had quite a few advancements in radio. FM radio took hold in the 70s. It was originally for classical music lovers, and for educational purposes. It became a favorite for rock music. It wasn't until 1978 that the FM frequency had more listeners than AM. | The 80s till today brought more technology and advancements in radio than before. In 1981, Sony introduced the synthesized radio receiver. It is a device that was used for generating a range of frequencies from a single fixed timebase. For example; CB radios, walkie-talkies, GPS systems, and the newest, cell-phones. Although cell-phones weren't introduced until 1986, they still contain a synthesizer. XM satellite radio was introduced to people in 1992. Subscribers can listen to a wider range of stations from different places in the U.S and Canada. Journalism and news were also a big part of radio broadcasting. Radio was one of the easiest ways to transport news to a wide audience of people. For example, during most of the wars in the worlds history, many people were glued to radios searching information about the war, and what was going on with the men at war. | Radio 1970s-1990's | By : Tiffany Couch | Radio Broadcaster Ira Glass Credit - http://thequindecim.files.wordpress.com/2012/03/ira-glass-cmyk.jpg

25: Television in the 70s and 90s were a little different than TV today. Satellite TV was invented in the 70's which allowed more than the three TV channels your parents watched when they were your age. Satellite opened up a wide variety of channels, and allowed people to receive news. Subscription channels were also introduced in the 70s. This allowed people to subscribe to certain channels that weren't available to everyone. Color TV's made their way into existence in the 70's also. By 1971, sales of color televisions surpassed the average black and white. By the early 80s, black and white TV's were hardly sold. In the 80s, with the advent of cable, the three major news networks (ABC,CBS,NBC) lost some interest of the American people. With cable, people could watch reality shows, and more. Not just news anymore! In 1980, Ted Turner unveiled the Cable News Network (CNN). Rupert Murdoch paid a billion dollars for Twentieth Century Fox and with the help of Barry Diller, he created TV's fourth network, Fox. | The 90s brought forth many more advancements in television. DVD's & HDTV were all invented in the 90s. DVD's allowed people to watch movies, or shows on their TV, in their own time. They could be re-watched over and over. HDTV allowed people to watch TV in higher resolution. DVR allowed people to record shows or movies that were going to be shown in real time on TV, so they could watch them on their own time. The 90s also brought forth many different networks working to catch the attention of different age groups. Fox focused on teens with soap operas, UPN and WB found their niche among young teens. | Ted Turner, the Founder of CNN Credit -http://bloximages.chicago2.vip.townnews.com/journalstar.com/content/tncms/assets/v3/editorial/d/45/d452fed5-d31c-501c-b811-a73411db6a17/4f974339d9a43.image.jpg | Television 1970s-1990s

26: The Internet | The Internet took a decade to design and was finally published in 1974. After the Internet went viral, it changed the world. Everyone started using it. Newspapers went out of business because of less views and the Internet getting so popular. They started to blog. People claimed they liked the Internet better because of more information. Thats Tim Berners-Lee (one of the Internet inventors.) >>> | In 1970 computers began to replace type-writers and newsrooms, which started a revolution in journalistic technology. Instead of having to take all that time working with the type writer, you could just type it on the computer. You didn't have to push it over or anything like the typewriter. Technology has a big role on journalism. How? There is sound-slides, pages, etc and much more! It made journalism easier for the news-writers and journalists.

27: 1990's World Wide Web | As the 1990's got around and the Internet was very popular, they encouraged anybody with a computer to establish a homepage on the Internet. A homepage is a introductory page for a website, typically serving as the table of contents. This obviously was going to make the Internet even more popular. Tim Berners-Lee was the first web-client and started on it right away. They called the home pages the next new Hyper-text project. They linked pages, and pretty soon, websites were all over the Internet. Today, Google has over a billion websites, links, and trillions of people that use the Internet.

28: The Columbus Dispatch. | The Columbus Dispatch was the first online newspaper. The first paper was published on July 1st. It's a daily newspaper based in Columbus, Ohio. The Columbus Dispatch had a competitor which was the Columbus Citizen-Journal. The Columbus Citizen- Journal was also a daily newspaper that was based in Columbus, Ohio. The world wide changed the role in newspapers because many people don't even look at newspapers anymore because you can get news many different ways that are faster. People should read newspapers because you can learn whats happening around the world and some historical information that you may have not known. | By: Billie Goble.

29: By: Billie Goble. | The Internet model was part of Vinton Cerf's idea. Vinton was known as "The Fathers of the Internet." he was an American computer scientist. Internet has changed all kinds of things such as business, banking, and socializing. People can receive news instantly from cell phones, emails, facebook, and ect. The number of text messages sent each day is greater then the population of the world. The Internet can be a good thing but also bad. The bad thing is that when something gets put on the Internet it can't be taken off even though it took a few seconds to put it on there.One of the good things is that you can get in touch with people easy and very quickly. When you're on the Internet everything you do is saved. It only took Internet 5 years to reach 50 million users. Today we use the Internet for almost everything, many people couldn't imagine life without it. | Internet.

30: Works Cited Jacky Valencia: Bellis, Mary. Vladimir Zworykin 1889-1982. n.p.: New York Times Company, 2012. Web. 5 Sept. 2012. Elon University School of Communications. 1890s-1930s-Radio. n.p.: Elon University School of Communications, n.d. Web. 8 Sept. 2012. Tan, Beng C., Aileen Chor, and Robin Opperman. Television in the 20th Century. Singapore: n.p., 2012. Web. 4 Sept. 2012. Television Invention Timeline. n.p.: n.p., n.d. Web. 5 Sept. 2012. | Kailey Tharp: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Penny_press*** -http://iml.jou.ufl.edu/projects/spring04/vance/pennypress.html -http://journalism.about.com/od/ethicsprofessionalism/a/printhistory.htm -http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/detailmini.jsp?_nfpb=true&_&ERICExtSearch_S - historyofjournalism.onmason.com | Tiffany Couch Glenn, Madison. The History and Evolution of Television: The 1990s. n.p.: n.p., 2007. Web. 6 Sept. 2012. Musser, Emeritus. History of American Journalism. n.p.: n.p., 2007. Web. 8 Sept. 2012. TIMELINE: History of Radio & Politics. n.p.: n.p., 2007. Web. 8 Sept. 2012. Curtis, Anthony. Timeline of Radio and Television History. n.p.: n.p., 2011. Web. 9 Sept. 2012. The Changes To Radios Over The Last 100 Years. n.p.: n.p., 2011. Web. 9 Sept. 2012. Bosnor, Kevin. How Satellite Radio Works. n.p.: n.p., 2001. Web. 9 Sept. 2012. | Sarah Sebastian Fretts, Bruce. The 100 Greatest Moments In Television. n.p.: CNN, 1999. Web. 6 Sept. 2012. Thomas, Ronald R. Amateur Radio in the 1950s: Romance and Reality. n.p., 2005. Web. 10 Sept. 2012. Miguel, Sean. Sci-Fi Television in the 1990s. n.p., 6 Mar. 2011. Web. 11 Sept. 2012.

31: Alex Combs “John Peter Zenger”, wikipedia, wikipedia November 2007, 9/11/12, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Peter_Zenger “7c. The Trial of John Peter Zenger”, ushistory.org, n.p, 9/10/12, http://www.ushistory.org/us/7c.asp “THE TRIAL OF JOHN PETER ZENGER IN 1735”, founderspatriots.org, Bulletin-spring 1993, 9/10/12, http://www.founderspatriots.org/articles/trial_zenger.ht Douglas Linder “Famous American Trials John Peter Zenger Trial 1735”, law2.umkc.edu, n.p 2001, 9/10/2012 http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/zenger/zenger.html “The Trial of John Peter Zenger”, courts.state.ny.us, The Historical Society of the Courts of the State of New York,9/10/12 http://www.courts.state.ny.us/history/zenger.htm Steve Goldman, “The Acquittal of John Peter Zenger The First First Report”, historybuff.com,NCSA,9/10/12 http://www.historybuff.com/library/refzenger.html “John Peter Zenger”, nndb.com, Soylent Communications 2012,9/10/12 http://www.nndb.com/people/626/000207005/ Jessica Rchey - Phil Shapiro. The Story of Louis Braille.pshapiro/braille Web. 1995. Thursday Sept. 6 - n.p. n.d. Enchanted Learning Communications-related inventions and inventors Web. Fri. Sept. 7 - Anyone can edit. NNBD.com Christopher Sholes. Web. Mon. Sept. 10 | Billie Goble: *Jamie Slaughter"Invention of Internet."invention reaction. 3 March 2010. 11 September. *Dawn Hawkins"How Internet has changed the world." Yahoo.com. 16 April 2009. 11 September. *Laren Nelson"How does technology impact communication." Ehow 11 September. | Emily Howser - n.p. n.d. “First Newspaper Published in the Colonies.” massmoments. Web. 11. Sep. - n.p. 1995-2012 “Americas First Newspaper.” earlyamerica. Web. 11. Sep. - n.p. 1999 “Legacy of Leadership.” knowitall. Web. 11. Sep. | Collin Lewis Work Cited("Yellow Journalism." Wikipedia. Ed. Collin L. Lewis. Wikimedia Foundation, 09 July 2012. Web. 09 Sept. 2012. .) ("Spartacus Educational." Spartacus Educational. Ed. Collin L. Lewis. Spartacus, n.d. Web. 09 Sept. 2012. .) ("Hearst." Hearst. Trans. Collin L. Lewis. Spanamwar, n.d. Web. 09 Sept. 2012. .) ("Joseph Pulitzer." Wikipedia. Trans. Collin L. Lewis. Wikimedia Foundation, 09 July 2012. Web. 09 Sept. 2012. .) ("Yellow Journalism." Yellow Journalism. Trans. Collin L. Lewis. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Sept. 2012. .) ("Yellow Journalism." Wikipedia. Ed. Collin L. Lewis. Wikimedia Foundation, 09 July 2012. Web. 09 Sept. 2012. .) ("Yellow Journalism." ThinkQuest. Trans. Collin L. Lewis. Oracle Foundation, 10 Sept. 2012. Web. 10 Sept. 2012. .) | Worawong Komarakul Nagara http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/society/A0834319.html - muckrakers short summarization http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/people/A0847854.html - Ida M. Tarbell short summarization/brief info http://historymatters.gmu.edu/d/5733/ - lincoln Steffens brief info/Tweed days in St.Louis http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/Lincoln_Steffens.aspx - Lincoln Steffens in-depth info http://www.enotes.com/history/q-and-a/what-muckraking-journalism-286227 - muckraking journalism info http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/rockefellers/sfeature/sf_7.html - John D. Rockefeller info http://www.theobjectivestandard.com/issues/2008-summer/standard-oil-company.asp - Ida M Tarbell reports/ the history of standard oil info http://www.slideshare.net/dalisay1602/the-muckrakers - muckrakers publishing history

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  • Title: Movers, Shakers & Newsmakers 2012 5th Period
  • Movers, Shakers & Newsmakers: journalists, inventions and events that changed the world of news as we know it.
  • Tags: journalists, history, inventions
  • Published: over 5 years ago