S: Scottsburg High School Period 6 2012
FC: Movers, Shakers & News Makers
1: Table of Contents NEWSPAPER 2-3 Ashley Bacon 4-7 Caleb Mount 8-9 Thomasina Hayes 10-11 Leatha Denison 12-13 Caitlin Green MAGAZINES 16-17 Alexis Everitt 18-19 Suzy Callahan 20-21 Courtney Davis 22-23 Madeline Mann 24-25 Erika Tscheulin RADIO 28-29 Jonie Crawford 30-31 Ben Burgess 32-33 Jordan Schuler 34-35 Amber Sweetland 36-37 Abigail Hutchinson TELEVISION 40-41 Jessica Eskew 42-43 Tori Rone 44-45 Kailey Barret 46-47 Kelsie Eldridge 48-49 Caitlyn Hattabaugh INTERNET 52-53 Sydney Baker 54-55 Haley Mullins 56-57 Logan Barger 58-59 Autumn Nasby 60-61 Laikin Smith
2: Early Newspapers | Newspapers are often described as the rough drafts of history, when the early newspapers are already history themselves. Since the 1690s the American newspapers have been showing journalism through news. On September 25, 1690, the very first issue of Publick Occurrences Both Foreign and Domestic, came to Boston. Publick Occurrences Both Foreign and Domestic was the first attempt at the American newspaper. The proud creator, Benjamin Harris, believed that his newspaper would be printed monthly. The newspaper included a total of four pages. Three of those pages included news, and the last page was left blank for readers to write other news before passing the newspaper on to the next reader. Publick Occurrences Both Foreign and Domestic was printed without a licenses. To make things worse the newspaper included information about the King of France’s affair with his daughter-in-law. After finding out about the newspaper, Governor Thomas Hinckley, put the newspaper to a stop. Hinckley banned the newspaper had all the issues burnt. | Even though the first attempt at the American newspaper failed, that did not make the idea go away. Fourteen years after, Benjamin Harris’s, Publick Occurrences Both Foreign and Domestic, the idea of expressing journalism through news reappeared in America. On April 24, 1704, The Boston News-Letter published it’s first issue. The newspaper’s creator was John Campbell. The Boston News-Letter was the first continuous newspaper in America. The newspaper was a half sheet with news filling both the front and the back of the paper. As a custom in those days, the front page was all about events overseas. Other than events overseas the newspaper was filled with English politics, English wars, ship arrivals, sermons, political appointments, accidents, death, and fires. The Boston News-Letter was issued weekly until the evacuation of Boston, in 1776. | By Ashley Bacon | The issue of Publick Occurrences Both Foreign and Domestic was not a continuous newspaper, it was only issued once. | http://raglinen.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/01/publicoccur2.gif
3: A good journalist writes the truth, whether you want it to be true or not. Early newspapers included news just as our newspapers do today. The difference between now and then is that the journalist then could not write anything negative about the government, even if it was true. On August 7, 1721, The New England Cuorant published it's very first issue. The creator of The New England Courant was James Franklin. The newspaper included sketches, crusade events, and essays. James Franklin refused to get a license to print the newspaper. The New England Courant attacked the New England powers, and by doing so it gained editorial independence. Some may even say it helped the newspaper with commercial success. | A new generations of newspapers means a new generation of journalism techniques. Benjamin Franklin had a new technique of expressing journalism to the world. The Pennsylvania Gazette was the newspaper where those new techniques were expressed. The new techniques included more information on politics and America’s first political cartoons. These techniques were used to widen viewer appeal. | As journalism through newspapers became more popular, it opened more doors for different people such as women. Elizabeth Timothy is known as America’s first publisher and editor. When Lewis Timothy died, Elizabeth Timothy was left as a mother with household responsibilities and now she was a widow. Lewis Timothy was a publisher of The South Carolina Gazette. He had also signed a contract with Benjamin Franklin, as a sponsorship of his family travels to America. Since her husband died, Elizabeth Timothy, took his place in the newspaper and had to take his place in the six years remaining on the contract. The newspaper was supposed to be left for Lewis’s son, Peter. Because of Peter’s youth, Elizabeth took control of the paper until Peter turned twenty-one. | http://www.historycarper.com/images/frankln1.jpg | http://library.thinkquest.org/22254/fr6.jpg | The New England Courant was the first independent newspaper in America | Benjamin Franklin was a very talented journalist. He was the reasons for the political comics in our newspapers today.
4: Have you ever imagined what this country would be like without the freedom of the press? What if writing something bad about the government could land you in jail? This is a freedom often taken for granted today, but in the days of colonial America, it was not available. The Trial of John Peter Zenger and the verdict he received was a huge step in the right direction for free press. John Peter was a German immigrant and New York printer responsible for the publication of The New York Weekly Journal. His paper was known for exposing the corruption of New York’s government. The Journal accused the government of things such as rigging elections and allowing the French to explore New York Harbor. They also made allegations about William Cosby, the governor. They basically made him seem like an idiot to the public. Though Zenger did not actually write the articles, he was responsible for printing them. He was eventually taken to jail on charges of libel, a serious crime of the day. It meant slandering the government, making them look bad. The truth of statements was irrelevant, they didn't care if what was said was true or false. Zenger was interrogated for the names of the anonymous authors of his articles, but he refused to betray their identities. When Zenger was taken to court, everyone was sure that he would be convicted as guilty. He never denied that he had printed the slanderous articles. This led the judge to believe that it would be a quick and easy trial. | The Trial of John Peter Zenger By: Kaleb Mount P.6 | John Peter Zenger's Trial, pictured above, was a huge step forward in the fight for a free press. (http://tinyurl.com/9y3xh9z) | John Peter Zenger was a German immigrant, publisher of the New York Weekly Journal. (http://tinyurl.com/9hyynhl)
5: John Peter Zenger was represented by Andrew Hamilton, of Philadelphia. He was the best and most well-known lawyer in the colonies. The very first thing he did was admit to the jury that Zenger was responsible for the publication of the articles, but he urged anyone to find something false about them. “It is not the cause of one poor printer, but the cause of liberty.” said Hamilton. | The judge instructed the jury to base their verdict on whether or not Zenger had printed the articles and therefore slandered the government. After deliberating for a very short time however, the jury came back with a verdict of not guilty. They obviously had not taken instructions. John Peter Zenger was freed, without being convicted of any charges. This verdict led to printers being more bold with their publication. They were no longer scared into silence by the government. The press was not free yet, but it was clear that someday it would be. | Andrew Hamilton, from Philadelphia, was one of the most respected lawyers in the colonies. (http://tinyurl.com/98ozhqj) | Zenger's paper, the New York Weekly Journal, was known for attempting to show how corrupt the government of the state was. (http://tinyurl.com/9u99ys3)
6: The Penny Press By:Kaleb Mount | These early penny press papers were able to be sold at such a low price not only because the way they were made and the materials used to make them were cheaper, but also because they didn't rely on sale of the paper for all of their profits. They sold advertising space in their newspapers, something that would have been previously unheard of. Their papers were sold in the street by young boys called newsies, who would ride bikes through the streets and attempt to sell the papers through word of mouth. | Before the 1830s, only the wealthy could afford to read newspapers. At 6 cents per issue and $10 for a year subscription members of the lower class didn't often get to hear the news. This changed with the invention of the penny press and the subsequent revolution of the newspaper. Almost everything was changed: how revenue was made, how information was acquired, what was included, and how circulation was increased. The changes made to newspapers in the Penny Press Era are still evident today. | With the invention of the steam powered press the production of papers went from about 200 per hour with hand-powered technology to about 1,000 per hour using the new technology. This made newspapers one of the first things in the United States that could truly be mass produced. People such as Horatio David Sheppard of the New York Morning Post and Benjamin Day of the New York Sun decided to capitalize on this. They began selling their papers for a penny a piece. | The steam powered printing press greatly innovated the printing business. (http://tinyurl.com/9joryy8) | One of the first popular penny press newspapers was the New York Sun. (http://tinyurl.com/998s58m)
7: As the penny papers became popular, it became clear that news that struck a chord with previous newspaper crowds, the upper classes of society, did not do the same with the kind of people that bought penny papers. The New York Herald, run by James Gordon Bennett was the first to change the focus of their paper to fit these new interests. They added features still seen today, such as gossip columns, crime stories, editorials, stock pages, and sports pages. Bennett also revolutionized the way news was acquired. Originally, papers got most of their information. from official documents. The Herald was the first paper to rely on interviews and basic observations as sources. Another famous paper of the day was the New York Tribune, which was run by Horace Greely. This paper was well-known for its great editorials. It evolved the opinion piece of the time into what they are today. The Tribune made people want to read the editorials in newspapers. | One problem papers of the day faced were increasing their circulation, making themselves more popular. The New York Sun was the first to find a way to solve this problem. They made people interested in their paper by fabricating a story that EVERYONE wanted to read about. They claimed that a European astronomer had used his telescope to find new planets in our solar system. This was not true, but people didn't know this at first. It got people knowing about the paper, and buying it to read it. This idea of making up interesting stories was eventually used by every major penny paper in New York. They wrote about fake murders, train wrecks, and freak events to increase their circulation. This led to Charles Dickens penning nicknames for the papers such as the New York Sewer and the New York Stabber. The changes made during the penny press era are still very evident today. Newspapers still use advertisements for revenue, still include many of the types of articles papers began using, and still rely on alternative sources for their information. The New York Times began as a penny press paper in 1851. Today, we are starting to see a new revolution in newspapers as print copies lose popularity as the Internet rises. In 150 years, the changes made to newspapers now may be evident! As they say, history repeats. | Newsies were the main way of getting penny newspapers to the public. (http://tinyurl.com/9dtlysk) | The New York Times started as a penny press newspaper in 1851 and is still around today. (http://tinyurl.com/9ambonm)
8: 1835 Regular Pony Express | The pony express was a fast mail service crossing the Great Plains, Rocky Mountains, and High Sierra. The Pony Express were carried messages by horseback riders. The riders used a mail pouch called mochila and can hold up to 20 pounds of mail. Riders were paid $100 to $125 per month. There were about 157 Pony Express stations that were about 10 miles apart along the Pony Express route. There were were about 80 young riders in use at one time traveling to different stations and stops. | The first westbound Pony Express trip left St. Joseph on April 3, 1860 and arrived ten days later in San Francisco California on April 14. West was the most direct communication before the telegraph. The Pony Express was fast growing with California and their rapidly growing population. William Cody also known as “ Buffalo Bill” epitomizes the legend and the folk lore of the Pony Express. This project only last 19 months and only on mail delivery was ever lost. | There were about 400 other employers including station keepers, stock tenders and route superintendents. There were about 400 horses used during this project. People would make sure the horses were fed and had plenty of rest. Riders would stop at a station and get a new horse after a long journey. | The Pony Express was a way that factories and the president and other big places got there news around. (http://nebraskahistory.org/oversite/kidstuff/ponyexpress.htm)
9: Thomasina | 1876 Telephone | March 10 1876 was the birth of the telephone and the death of the telegraph. The telephone is a wire-based electrical system. The telephone came after the telegraph. The telegraph could only have one message at a time sent. It has been around for some 30 years. Alexander Bell and Elisha Gray started the idea of the telephone. They had to do a lot of research to start. Alexander Bell has enlisted a young electrician was also exploring the idea of a telephone, Thomas Watson. They began the idea of a multiple telegraph in October 1874 . They discovered electrical waves after digging into notes and research, called harmonic telegraph. By June 1875 Bell and Watson had invented a device that would transmit speech electronically. After they were able to transmit speech the had to work on building a transmitting device capable of sending electrical currents and a receiver that would repeat them. It was ready to be realized in 1876. | The Telephone was one of the best things that happened in America during the !870's. http://www.mentalfloss.com/blogs/archives/63808 | ALexander Bell was the man who had created and thought of the great ideas about the telephone. He was a success. http://www.bahase.com/index.php?page=6
10: The reason the printing press was made was to print the Bible. This was to replace the previous version of printing, which was monks hand writing it on scrolls. If they were to slip up even the slightest they would have to start all over. This was to protect the Bible and its credibility. | Printing Press | The Gutenberg Bible was the first book to be published in volume.Due to the printing press the output raised to an estimation of 200 million copies. The popularity of the printing press was so high that there was a new name to the media system. It was called “The Press”. The process of movable type was considered an art. In Renaissance Ireland the introduction of the printing press was also the start of an era which permanently change the structure of society forever. The hand operated printing press made printing possible on an industrial level. | The printing press was a machine that helped advance the journalism world in many ways. The biggest example of this is it made it possible to print many pages at a time by applying ink to a specific medium by using a stamping method. Using this method up to 300 papers could be printed at a time. This may sound basic but in its day this was amazing work that led to the way journalism is now. The history of the printing press starts in the 1440’s when a German name Johannes Gutenberg started perfecting the previous technologies. His newly devised hand mould would make the process of printing profitable for the first time since it began. It made creation precise and rapid. | The printing press (http://etc.usf.edu/clipart/44800/44880/44880_guten_press.htm)
11: By: Leatha Denison | The Telegraph | Samuel Morse independently designed the telegraph in 1836. His assistant Alfred Vail created Morse code, a signaling method of the alphabet. The first time the device was ever successfully tested was January 6 1838 at Speedwell Ironworks near Morristown, Virginia. He publicly demonstrated it to a committee of scientists at the Franklin Institute in Philadelphia Pennsylvania on January 8th. In 1843 congress funded $30,000 to an experimental telegraph line Washington D.C. to Baltimore Maryland. The project was to be completed by May 1st but was not completed until May 24 1844. Once the cable was complete Morse was able to complete the first public demonstration for his telegraph by sending a message to supreme court. The message read “What Hath God Wrought.” The Morse-Vail telegraph was quickly deployed over the next two decades. However Morse did not properly credit Vail for the work he did on the telegraph. Vail made some very strong electromagnets that helped the signal go farther. The letters were signaled using what was called a telegraph key. The key would send messages by causing breaks in the electrical flow. The messages were sent in Morse code and the receiver would right down the dots and dashes and then decipher the message | Telegraph Key (/tinyurl.com/9pjrv28) | The telegraph Relay (http://tinyurl.com/9pjrv28)
12: Yellow Journalism | Yellow Journalism was born from the well known newspaper wars between William Randolph Hearst who ran The New York Journal and Joseph Pulitzer who ran The New York World. Yellow Journalism was mainly based in opinions, sensationalism, dramatized stories, and misleading images to raise the sale of newspapers. The “Yellow Kid” was where Yellow Journalism received it’s name from the comic strip using a non-smear yellow ink. | William Randolph Hearst | William Randolph Hearst was born April 29, 1863 in San Francisco, California. His father was very wealthy and that gave Hearst opportunities many did not experience. At age sixteen he attended St. Paul's Preparatory School in Concord, New Hampshire. When he attended Harvard, that was the first spark of showing he could be a future publisher. He did excellent in journalism and learned new interests and talents in drama when he was elected for the “Hasty Pudding” theatrical group. The start of Hearst owning his very own newspaper was when his father was given ownership to the San Francisco Examiner and ended up giving it to Hearst after being bothered for so long. The second newspaper he bought was The New York Journal and overall owned two dozen newspapers located nationwide. His legacy was located in the The New York Journal in which was the newspaper used to participate in the war between him and his competitor, Joseph Pulitzer, owner of The New York World. | Joseph Pulitzer | Joseph Pulitzer was born on April 10, 1847 in Mako, Hungary. His father died when he was eleven and his mom went on to marry a wealthy businessman named Max Blau. Pulitzer went to private schools in Budapest. He emigrated from Hungary to the United states in 1864 when he was was seventeen years old. He registered in the I. Company of the First New York Lincoln Cavalry to the end of the Civil war. Other armies he tried joining rejected him because of his weak eye sight. Pulitzer was fluent in German, French, and Hungarian, but his English was still weak after the war. He then set out west to find a job. He ended up in St. Louis working as a waiter and he buried cholera victims on Arsenal Island. Finally he got to work as a reporter on the Westliche Post, German-language newspaper. This is where he found his talent of writing. In 1871 he had part ownership of the newspaper. | Joseph Pulitzer was born April 10, 1847. He became known for his best newspaper was The New York World. http://www.cr.nps.gov/history/online_books/hh/11/images/hh11d1.jpg | William Randolph Hearst was born April 29, 1863. He was very lucky by having a wealthy father which gave him advantages over many others. He ended up owning over two dozen newspapers; the one that made him known was The New York Journal. http://fogsmoviereviews.files.wordpress.com/2012/03/william-randolph-hearst.png
13: Next newspaper he worked for was as a correspondent of the New York Sun. Later on he purchased The New York World. The New York World turned out to be an excellent purchase because Pulitzer’s financier, Jay Gould, made Pulitzer very rich. The New York World is what gave Pulitzer his fame and fortune from fighting with Randolph Hearst by pulling in many spectators to watch what was going to come next. | Newspaper War | The incident that fired up the competition between Hearst’s Journal and Pulitzer’s World when Hearst stole Pulitzer’s cartoonist, Robert Outcault, by offering an outrageous amount of salary. Pulitzer had already started a new comic strip called the "Yellow Kid” when this situation came up. Hearst had Outcault reproduce the cartoon into his own newspaper, The New York Journal. Pulitzer quickly hired another cartoonist to make a similar strip to the “Yellow Kid.” Thus causing the two newspapers to become enemies. To outsell the each other the two newspapers would over dramatize stories to a point the truth was hardly there but it increased the publics interest. | The "Yellow Kid" | The “Yellow Kid” was often used to change the public’s opinion on the Spanish-American War. Hearst was the first newspaper to send reporters to capture the live action of the war. The reporters would often reply there’s no action going on and Hearst would tell them to over exaggerate everything that was going on to make it more appealing. Hearst got so obsessed with the war, he was able to push the president to officially enter the United States into the war. | End Of Yellow Journalism | The demand for Yellow Journalism slowly dwelled down around 1910 to 1911. Even though it ended there is still examples of Yellow Journalism in today’s newspapers and other popular ways of spreading news. News wouldn’t be as interesting without it being dramatized and in some cases the truth is stretched. Also comic strips weren’t as popular before the “Yellow Kid” was published in The World and The Journal. Yellow Journalism has made a pretty big impression by changing the way news was wrote and how to make it appealing to the public. | The famous cartoon the "Yellow Kid." It was used to change public opinions on any circulating news that the people were keeping an close eye on. http://cartoons.osu.edu/yellowkid/1897/october/1897-10-31.jpg | The Spanish American War was very popular topic for many newspapers, including The Journal and The World. William Randolph Hearst was the first newspaper to send reporters to record the live action. http://mediamythalert.files.wordpress.com/2010/06/journal_spam_ships.jpg | Caitlyn Greene Pd 6
14: Newspaper Work Cited | Ashley Bacon "Benjamin Harris and his Publick Occurrences." Rag Linen. N.p., 3 Jan. 2010. Web. 6 Sept. 2012. Brown, R.J. History Buff. Ed. R.J Brown. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Sept. 2012. Alterman, Eric. "Out of Print: the death and life of the American Newspaper." The New Yorker. N.p., 31 Mar. 2008. Web. 10 Sept. 2012. http://www.knowitall.org/legacy/laureates/Elizabeth%20Timothy.html 7 Sept. 2012. | Caitlyn Greene http://tinyurl.com/9mxndmx "The Yellow Fever of Journalism" Author email@example.com Date viewed 9/4/12 http://tinyurl.com/453rzbr "Yellow Journalism" Date viewed 9/5/12 http://tinyurl.com/923bbmv "William Randolph Hearst (1863-1951) Date viewed 9/6/12 http://www.kirjasto.sci.fi/pulitzer.htm "Joseph Pulitzer (1847-1911)" Author Petri Liukkonen Date viewed 9/6/12
15: Leatha Denison "The TELEGRAPH." Thomas A. Edison-Telegraph. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Sept. 2012.
16: By: Alexis | Magazines and magazine ads garner the most attention: BIG research studies show that when consumers read magazines, they are much less likely to engage with other media or to take part in non-media activities compared to the users of TV, radio, or the Internet. More people read magazines because they give more detail about what is going on and they give more information about what you want to know. | Magazines | People read magazines to learn and to enjoy. That is the motivation behind most, if not all, reading adventures. We read to further our knowledge and to enjoy the experience. Sometimes, the learning is forced upon us by a job or by a school, or sometimes it's just the need for that innate pleasure of discovering something new. Other times, we read solely for pleasure.
17: Without magazines and ads in papers, journalism wouldn't exactly be the same. You use those in journalism a lot to get current events, pictures, news, etc. Before magazines were called ‘magazines’, they were called “Silvanus Urban.” | Affect Journalism? | Most popular magazines. | The most popular magazine read today is “Time” and “Teen.” Time magazine was first issued on March 3, 1923. Teen magazine was first issued in September, 1944.
18: Muckrakers are journalists who dig deep and get the popular political news. Muckrakers were originally called Yellow Journalists. They expose the scandalous corruption in the government and businesses | Political Cartoon about muckrakers. | Muckrakers | Muckraking is important to journalism because without muckrakers people may not find out the important things in the government or in popular businesses. Muckrakers are very good at getting the inside stories.
19: Muckraking is still around today. It is now called Investigative Journalism. Morgan Spurlock is a modern day muckraker. Morgan Spurlock produced the movie Supersize Me, a documentary about the harmful effects of eating McDonalds. | Other modern day muckrakers include Donald Bartlett and James Steele writers of Vanity Fair. They also wrote a book called The Betrayal of The American Dream.
20: Beginning with the investigation of a third-rate burglary of the Democratic National Committee headquarters in the Watergate complex, Woodward and Bernstein uncovered a system of political dirty tricks and crimes that eventually led to crimes of forty White House and administration officials, and ultimately to the resignation of President Richard Nixon. | In the years of and between 1972 and 1976, Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein were name two of the most famous journalists in America and became forever known as the reporters who broke the biggest story in American politics. | Carl Bernstein and Bob Woodward by: Courtney Davis | Papers by Carl Bernstein and Bob Woodward
21: in April 2003, The University of Texas at Austin purchased Woodward and Bernstein's Watergate papers for $5 million. Paid for through private donations, the papers provide students, researchers, legal scholars, political historians, journalists, and the public with unparalleled behind-the-scenes resources to study Watergate, investigative journalism, and the American political process. | Housed at the Harry Ransom Center, the papers will further document the historical record of the Watergate era and support the academic mission of the University of Texas. In addition to providing their other documents and sources for public use, Woodward and Bernstein have established a $500,000 to promote the study and use of the papers through academic conferences, lectures, and programs many professors read and write and share there experience. | Carl Bernstein shared a Pulitzer Prize with Bob Woodward for his coverage of Watergate for The Washington Post. His most recent book is a biography called, A Woman in Charge Bernstein also was a part-time rock critic, and he still occasionally writes about music. He lives with his wife, Christine, in New York. | Carl Bernstein | Bob Woodward | Bobs latest and 17th book is called The Price Of PoliticsIn an article by the Posts ombudsman, Woodward made clear he does not “accept money from partisan organizations, the military, government groups or any group he might cover,” and “turns down ‘lots’ of speech requests and gives ‘many’ without charge.”
22: Elizabeth accepted the job, but at the time it was considered improper for women to use their real name; so Elizabeth used the pseudonym name Nellie Bly. She wanted to use Nelly Bly but her editor wrote Nellie by mistake, the error stuck. Her first paper was on divorce based on interviews of women. Madden was so pleased with the article that he hired her as a full time reporter. Because people thought Bly's articles were offensive businesses were going to stop buying advertising in the paper, so Nellie was let go. | This was taken in 1850 when she was starting one of her local groups. | This is a picture on the front cover of the book "women of the World:the world of Nellie Bly | Nellie Bly was considered a female pioneer in journalism. In the 1800's women were only considered good for one thing in a mans eyes, in the kitchen. When Nellie Bly was sixteen she moved to Pittsburg Pennsylvania to search for a job. She came to find out that only low paying jobs where the only available jobs to woman. One day she read an article about the only thing women were good for. This made Nellie furious so, she wrote a letter to the editor discussing her feelings toward the article. In response to her letter a man named George Madden asked her what type of articles she would write if she was a journalist. She told him that she would write articles about ordinary people. After that George gave Elizabeth a job to write a paper on the lives of women. | Elizabeth Jane Cochrane (a.k.a. Nellie Bly) Madelaine Mann
23: After her newspaper job in Pennsylvania, she was recruited by Joseph Pulitzer to write for his newspaper, the New York World. One of her jobs was to go undercover as a mentally ill girl to see what was going on in insane asylums. She wrote a paper called, “10 Days in the Mad House.” “Excepting the first two days after I entered the asylum, there was no salt for the food. The hungry and even famishing women made an attempt to eat the horrible messes.” said Nellie Bly in her book, 10 Days in the Madhouse. | Bly also saw the nurses abusing the patients by dragging them by the head of the hair all through the hospital. She also saw that the doctors, nurses, and staff would eat good fresh fruit and bread, while the patients only ate dry unhealthy food that was old and not good for a person. Her story urged New York officials to take action and do a full investigation on the hospitals and to improve the funs and the treatment of the mentally ill. In 1873 a book was published called, “Around the World in 80 Days”, this book is about a man who traveled around the world In 80 days. Board Nellie was willing to attempt it as a publicity stunt for the world. Her boss wanted a man to do the job, but Nellie argued her way into being the one to go. She broke the record in, 72 days, 6 hours, 11 minutes and 14 seconds. This was a major boost her newspaper publicity. Nellie Bly played a very important role in journalism. She changed the scene for female Journalist. She opened the eyes to a whole new concept for women and their role in the world. Without the works of Nellie Bly, how many female reporters would there be. | This picture was taken after her 10 days in the mad house.
24: Magazines didn't start out looking like magazines at all, but instead looked like books. Some did feature individually painted illustrations. In 1896, the first magazine was published on cheap wood paper with old torn edges. It took until the late 40s and early 50s till magazines actually became "slick" with a clear coating and looked "crystallized". Pictures were drawn out and sketched with only black ink, while using different gray tones to create value. These illustrations were drawn out by hand and took a great deal of time to include detail. Sketch artist would attend events to portray the scenes. | Back in the 1800s, most people didn't read magazines unless they were rich and were well-know in their society as the upper class. People who were not as wealthy were unable to afford magazines because of the expensive printing technique. It took a great deal of time to make copies of magazines and technology was limited. | The Transformation of Magazines By: Erika Tscheulin | Then.... | Hoe's Mammoth Rotary Printing Press was the largest of its kind. It measured 40 feet in length. http://www.scientificamerican.com/slideshow.cfm?id=a-visual-history-of-science
25: Magazines are used to entertain general reading audiences. Different companies target different consumers that have special interests. For instance, there are consumer magazines that cover homes, sports, news, fashion, teen gossip, and many more groups of readers. To keep their readers interested, magazines today follow trends that have made them successful throughout their history. Techniques like building a strong foundation with their readers, adapting to change, having advertisement to support their company, and cover important issues in today's society. | Magazines have always been sold through the mail, newsstands, bookstores, vendors, etc. The new found way of using the iPad and or computers is growing in demand. It makes it more efficient, easier, faster, and cheaper to sell magazines. They are more successful now being able to expand their information and content with websites and electronics. | Now... | Obama was named person of the year in 2008 for Time magazine. http://www.inquisitr.com/tag/obama/page/5/ | Magazines are moving to the digital age and now becoming sold on Ipads. http://www.digitaltrends.com/gadgets/magazines-struggling-on-apple-ipad-are-we-surprised/
26: Magazine Works Cited | Suzy Callahan Stories of A World That Just Might Work, Terrence McNally, August 16, 2012, web, picture, September 13, 2012 ,
27: Madelaine Mann Nellie Bly, Daredevil Reporter, Sean McCollum, March, web. September 12, 2012
28: By: Jonie Crawford | In the late 1800’s and early 1900’s, people hunted for a faster way to spread and receive news. A letter would take weeks to months to reach the desired person. The fastest form of spreading news was through telegraph wires. When an area didn't have the wires, then people had to travel many miles to get their news. Then, the idea of wireless telegraphing was born. It started when Scottish physicist James Clerk Maxwell predicted the existence of radio waves in 1860. Many scientists took this discovery and used math to find a way to travel message along these waves. All failed, except for one. Nikola Tesla succeeded by inventing the Tesla coil. The Tesla coil could increase the amount of electricity in an area. Tesla discovered that when two of these coils are put to the same frequency, they could receive signals one the radio waves. Before Tesla could test these coils at long distances, his lab burned down. The fire took all of his instruments and much of his work with it. | Nikola Tesla was born July 10, 1856 in Smiljan, a small village in Croatia. He was an inventor, a physicist, and futurist. He was nothing but brilliant. He is responsible for the electrical system we have today. | Introducing the Radio
29: Tesla wasn't the only one wanting to have their name put in history as the inventor of wireless telegraphing. Around the time Tesla's lab burned, Guglielmo Marconi, an Italian inventor working in England, was doing the same tests with one of Tesla's coils. He got a patent for his wireless device in 1896. Marconi was then the first send and receive a radio signal. Marconi then decided to take his idea to America. In 1897, Tesla finally rebuilt his radio and sent in a patent for it. It was accepted in 1900. That was when the war for the radio began. Marconi put in his first patent for the radio in America, but it was rejected due to other people making the same invention. Seeing no way around it, Marconi used his father's money to get known in that nation. With the help of this wealth, he was able to make experiments and inventions Tesla could not. Marconi was then the first to send a signal across the Atlantic Ocean. With this, the world of news took off. With this new creation, people could spread telegraphs without the need for telegraph lines. People were ecstatic without having to travel for their news. This steadily grew to when people found out they could send their own voice across these radio waves. Then, the idea of the modern radio was born. | The Tesla Coil was invented in 1891. This invention played major role in the invention of the radio. | Photo Cred: http://users.tm.net/lapointe/TeslaCoilM1.jpg
30: By Ben Burgess | How The Radio Was Used for Communication | The early uses for using radio to send messages using Morse code. One of the most memorable uses of Morse Code was during the sinking of the RMS Titanic. when Morse code was used to signal near by ships about what had happened and to see if any where close enough to help | Radio was also used to pass on orders and communications between armies and navies on both sides during World War 1. | This is an early radio used in world war 1 to communicates orders to troops http://webhome.idirect.com/~griffith/ws19.jpg
31: Before the advent of television, commercial radio broadcasts included not only news and music, but dramas, comedies, variety shows, and many other forms of entertainment. http://www.cincinnativiews.net/images-3/Crosley%20Giant%20Radio.jpg
32: By: Jordan Shuler | One of the most famous radio shows of all time was Abbott and Costello, which aired throughout the entire 1940s. It was a comedy show where the stars, William “Bud” Abbott and Lou Costello, would perform entertaining comedy routines. One of their most famous comedy routines was called Who’s on First? It is still one of the most famous comedy routines today. The picture to the right is of Abbott and Costello | http://ia.media-imdb.com/images/M/MV5BMzMxNTY5MjYzNF5BMl5BanBnXkFtZTcwMTgxNDEzMw@@._V1._SY317_CR9,0,214,317_.jpg | Radio from the 1920s to the 1950s | Radio first started to become big in the early 1920s. The first radio program was broadcast in 1920. That first broadcast was by Station 8MK in Detroit, Michigan. That radio station is still going today and is called WWJ and is owned by CBS. The first college radio station began broadcasting about two weeks later in October of 1920 at Union College. The next year, the first college football game was broadcast on the radio in 1921. That game was between West Virginia University and Pittsburgh University, which is known in the sports world as “The Backyard Brawl”. In 1920, there was only one radio station. In 1922, that number had grown to 600. The picture to the right is of radio towers. | The radio was rapidly expanding and increasing in popularity during the early-to-mid 1900s. Radio became popular during that time because at that time, that was their only source of electronic entertainment. Television and other electronics had not yet been invented | http://tycho.usno.navy.mil/gif/towers.jpg
33: There were some very interesting radio shows back then. The Whistler aired from 1942-1955. It was a crime/mystery radio drama that always had a surprise twist. Another popular show was Minus One. It was a science fiction show that aired from 1955-1958. It was usually based on at that time modern sci-fi novels by famous authors such as Isaac Asimov and arguably the greatest science fiction author ever, Ray Bradbury. There is a picture of Ray Bradbury to the right. | http://graphics8.nytimes.com/images/2012/06/07/books/07bradbury2-span/07bradbury2-span-articleLarge.jpg | One of the shorter running radio shows was called Tales of the Texas Ranger, which only lasted 2 years in the early ‘50s. It was a western show in a contemporary setting, so it was not in the Old West, but in the west in the early 1950s. | In conclusion, the radio was at its biggest in the mid 1900’s and was a very powerful tool for journalists all around the world. The radio changed the world in all most every sense, but especially journalism. It changed journalism by making the way to get news much quicker, efficient, and accurate by going faster.
34: BY: Amber Sweetland | The radio's light was dimmed by the bright future of the television, which was invented in the 1950's. Although the radio was a growing business, individual stations were still struggling. Radio stars moved from being heard, to being seen on the big screen. | The radio didn't get left behind that easily, though. The Top 40 Countdown was brought into play. It was extremely popular and stuck around for a long time; still around today! | LISTEN UP
35: A radio from the 1960's. The design has most definitely changed since then! | The radio improved, and changed. Like most technology, it got smaller and simpler. You could even take it in your car and listen on your commute to work or while traveling. This was a big step up and made the radio more popular. | Also, the creation of radio introduces other gadgets, too. The same parts are used in: baby monitors, garage door openers, cell phones, and radars. | All of this changed the way people found out important things about the world around them. Time changes and reforms technology and that's what happened with the radio. It's still important to our society, but not for the same reasons as before.
36: Abigail Hutchinson | The Apocalypse of the Radio | Radios have been the most important technological device since the 1800’s up until the new developments in recent years such as tv’s, phones, ipods. Radios were used for communication and entertainment but now we have expanded our horizons and invented bigger and better things. We can get music off the Internet and download it onto our phones and ipods, not to mention easier to carry around. The radio back then was known as “wireless telegraphy”. The actual fully working radio wasn't ready until 1901. Of all the major inventions in the twentieth century, none had flabbergasted people like the radio and television did. The first TV came out in 1933, two-thirds of American homes had at least one radio, twice as many had telephones. Forty- five years later, 97 percent of households had at least one television set. As the televisions became more popular the less people listened to the radio. | Then theres the car radio, invented in the 1930’s by Paul Galvin and Joseph. They called it the “Motorola”. When it first came out it was extremely popular but then other inventions came. Many people today still listen to the car radio just not as much as when it was invented. | The first Radio, invented in 1901. http://www.radioblvd.com/20sRadio.html
37: Another big invention overtook the radio, the phone. Invented in 1973 by Martin Cooper. He called it the “Motorola Dyna-Tac”. The phones were particularly big, weighing two and a half pounds. They were also extremely hard to carry around because they were bulky. You could only talk for 35 minutes and it took them 10 hours to charge, but that didn't seem to matter. People were bewildered because they could talk to people in another country. This invention gave journalist and news anchors a lot to talk about. | First phone invented in http://www.webdesignerdepot.com/2009/05/the-evolution-of-cell-phone-design-between-1983-2009/ | The ipod is another big invention that knocked the radio. It became publicly known in October of 2001 by Tony Fadell. The first official Ipod could hold 1,000-2,000 songs. The latest ipod today can hold 14,000 plus songs, depending on how many megabytes you buy. As you can see the radio has had a major downfall. When all of these stunning inventions happened people from all over the world talked about it, it was all over the news and journalist wrote about all of it. Everything in the world relates to journalism because journalist write about anything and everything thats interesting. | The first IPod invented. http://www.ipodhistory.com/ipod-first-generation/
38: Radio Works Cited | N.p., Apr. 2004. Web. 7 Sept. 2012.
40: HOW TV CHANGED JOURNALISUM. TV changed journalism dramatically, there were more jobs. more and faster information. people can get LIVE stories. information was soon world wide. | BRFORE TV. Before TV, there was something called the Scanning Disc system produced the first TV image. The first TV station was made in 1928. In 1928, using his "retrovision" system. Jenkins is credited with starting the first TV station in the USA, in Wheaton, MD. using proprietary systems with receivers mostly sold in Kit form,mechanical disc TV was transformed from around 20 stations. The broadcasting was limited, so was the audience even more. For the image was vary blurry. | by:Jessica D. Eskew | TV in 1935
41: Scanning disc? The scanning disc was lost by the 1935. it was starting to be a ghost to the world. people relied more on TV than the scanning disc. | First TV station. TV didn't take off till 1930's. But in 1920, the first TV station was brocaded, and at the same time scanning disc was being developed at Bell Lad's and General Electric as well as by John Logie Barid. | TV in the late 1900's | one of the First cameras
42: More than any other way of communication, TV had the power to persuade and educate. It was the easiest way so far to get information; all you had to do was watch, while other mediums required reading or intense concentration. Although sales were low in the 30s, the number of people with a TV set soared to 20 million in 1953! Not only did the views of television change, so would the way journalism was viewed. | Take off of Television in the 40s & 50s By:Tori Rone | Television was a newer, faster way of getting news. The first ever televised presidential address from the White House happened on October 5, 1947. President Harry Truman focused the address on asking Americans to cut back on grain intake to help people starving in Europe. Although many Americans at the time still listened to radio to get news, the fact that the speech was televised showed that TV was going to have a big impact on speeches and how they get noticed. It's easier to focus on a speech if you're watching it than just listening to it. | This is a Raytheon television from 1953 when TV sales skyrocketed. (http://www.tvhistory.tv/1953-Raytheon-UC2142A.JPG) | President Truman being filmed while giving the first ever televised presidential address. (http://www.politico.com/news/stories/1010/43100.html)
43: By 1952, more Americans were watching television than listening to the radio. This was very big, considering radio was the main source of entertainment and news. That same year the perception of political conventions were changed by the national televised coverage of the Republican and Democratic conventions. Approximately 70 million people were viewing! Not only was this the first televised convention, it was the first democratic convention since 1932. This changed journalism because unlike the radio, the television allowed candidates body language and physical appearance to be shown. Being able to see somebody helps you get a better idea of who they are. | In 1941 the first television advertisement was broadcast. Bulova, a watchmaker, paid $9 for a spot on the New York station WNBT during a baseball game. The ad was 20 seconds, but the start of something big. Though not many people at the time viewed the ad, it still changed the way products could be noticed. Television helped catch the eye of buyers more so than radio advertisements could; it was visually appealing. Another big happening in television was the showing of the 25th Academy Awards. NBC network honored the films of 1952 live from Hollywood. The fact it was televised helped get more publicity to movies and their stars. | The first television advertisement for Bulova watches, their slogan being "America runs on Bulova time". (http://www.factfixx.com/2011/12/15/the-first-television-commercial/) | The first televised political convention along with the enormous outcome. (http://www.aarp.org/politics-society/history/info-08-2012/great-moments-at-gop-convention.html)
44: In January 1960, AT&T and NASA agreed to a joint project so they could keep up with the great economical space race of previous years. It was agreed that AT&T would design and construct an experimental satellite and pay NASA to launch it. It was the very first privately sponsored space launch. The Telstar satellite was only 34.5 inches but it weighed 170 pounds. | Telstar was built to receive microwave signals from a ground station, then to amplify and broadcast them to various places. The ground station was located in Andover, Maine. At the station they had a 160-foot (in diameter) horn antenna, and to protect it from the elements they built the world's largest air supported structure ever built. | Telstar Satellite. 1960. http://porticus.org/bell/images/telstar.gif | This is the first picture ever relayed from space to Earth. July 10,1960 http://www.corp.att.com/attlabs/reputation/timeline/62trans.html | Getting Television Across Seas
45: On the morning of July 10, 1962 NASA launched AT&T's Telstar into orbit at 4:35 in the morning. It was the world's very first active communications satellite. Within 30 minutes Telstar produced many firsts. The first call ever transmitted through space, high speed data, and both live and taped television. parts of the television transmission were successfully received in France, the very first live transmission of television across the ocean. Later that month Telstar relayed broadcasts to Norway and Italy and many other countries across seas as well. Telstar made it easier and faster to relay television across the United States and made it possible for people in other countries to receive some of our broadcasts and know what's going on in the US. | First Color Television. 1967. http://media.techeblog.com/images/television.jpg | By: Kailey Barrett
46: Was television popular back then? Not really. Now look at it, that's all people do anymore is watch television. In the 1970’s they used television to try to be educational but it started declining throughout the decade. They were also concerned about the harmful effects that television has on children. That concern is continuing to grow to this day. | The decade of the 1970s saw a significant changes in television programming in both the United Kingdom and United States. Some of the most popular shows through out this decade are: Marcus Welby M.D., All in the Family (72-76), Happy Days, and Laverne & Shirley. | Television in the 1970's | Kelsie Eldridge | 1970's television's look way different than now! | Happy Days was a popular television show between 76- 78.
47: 1970- President Nixon creates the Office of Telecommunications Policy. | -1971 Over $100 million has been spent on instructional television. | 1972- HBO (Home Box Office), the first commercial cable network is transmitted by time The Surgeon General of The United States and The National institute of Mental Health issues a report saying that violence on television is harmful to children. | -1973 PBS is restructured. In 1974 the SPC (Station Program Cooperative) would give stations greater independence from PBS allowing them to decide which programs they would purchase and broadcast. | 1974- Western Union launches the communications satellite Wester. | -1975 The Federal Government begins to administer funds for the school library materials and audiovisual equipment jointly. Which leads to unification of state level units concerned with school libraries, audiovisual media, and instructional television. | 1976- A survey was taken and it indicates that during the 1976-1977 school year, about 15 million students receive some instruction via television. | -1977 NPR merges with the association of Public Radio Stations. | 1978- Satellite distribution for television begins. | -1979 The FCC (Federal Communications Commission)’s children's television task force finds that market forces have not resulted in the creation of programming to meet children's educational needs.
48: By: Katie Hattabaugh | The 1980s were crazy years. Greed was great and rich was in at the time. There was this new program with shows that celebrated excess. Lifestyles of the rich and famous and dynasty viewed in a new era of wealth and glamor to TV. One show kicked off new direction was CBS's prime time Soap Dallas. Dallas was about a wealthy Texas Oil Family and their loves and rivals premiered in 1978. Dallas wasn't the only first prime time soap that hit the air, in 1960's Peyton Place hit air. Peyton Place was the first to make broadcast history. | History during the 80's to now about television. | This is an old television from the 1960s-1980s.
49: 1980's, the products struck rating gold with the shooting cliffhanger of the shows erstwhile villain J.R. Ewing. Tons of Americans were tuned in when J.R, was played several times on the shows season finale, then waited a long time to find out who did the mystery. The papers wait paid off as "Who shot J.R.?" The shows cast appeared on talk shows and on cover of newspapers, making Dallas one of the most talked about Television shows in prime time history. The shows popularity had a success. Now every television show ends with each season with a hook to keep audiences interested over the long summers. | Television's depiction of women during an ear, through improved since the 1970's. Shows like Katie and Allie, designing women, The Golden Girls, Who's The Boss?, Murphy Brown, L.A. Law, and others now featured women were not only in starring Vehicles, but playing characters who were complex. The aim towards realism and complexity, not only in depictions of women was a trend that gained a good hold during the 1980s. Not all TV shows during the 1980s reached for realism. Some were even like real life comic books. They've came out with a lot more channels and shows now then before.
50: TV Works Cited | Tori “The First Televised Commercial”. FactFixx. DAILY FACT FIXX. 15. Dec. 2011. Web. 8. Sept. 2012. ""Other Milestones in the Academy Awards". Oscars. n.d. Web. 9. Sept. 2012 "Voters Become Viewers: 1952". Chicagohs. Chicago History Society. n.d. Web. 11. Sept. 2012. “First presidential speech on TV". The History Channel. A&E Television Networks. n.d. Web. 10. Sept. 2012 | Kelsie Google Wikipedia 1970s TV shows/ Television in the 1970's
51: Kailey Ganzel, Bill. "Farming in the 1950s & 60s." Television. Ed. Bill Ganzel. N.p., 2007. Web. 9 Sept. 2012. "Telstar." Telstar. Beatrice Companies Inc. & AT&T, n.d. Web. 10 Sept. 2012. "1962: Satellite Transmission." 1962: Satellite Transmission. AT&T, 2012. Google . Web. 8 Sept. 2012.
52: Sydney Baker How The World Wide Web Changed The Role Of Newspaper. | Since the News started to be on line, people are now able to receive the news faster and automatically instead of waiting days for the news to come in. When Internet was first introduced to the news media it was a big change, because journalist and reporters had to search for day and gather information for their stories, but with the Internet the news was right at their fingertips. since the Internet news and updates are being sorted through Blogs, and different sites. Now that news is on Internet more and more people are reading, and watching the news.
53: With the help of Google and the Internet, there has been a rise in audience, because people are able to see what's happening around them.since Internet most cities only have one newspaper. Almost every family owned newspaper company has shut down due to the Internet. now most cities only have one newspaper.
54: By: Haley Mullins | Since the beginning of time, journalists have had many different ways to capture images, such as drawing and the film camera. Today we have digital cameras that give us the ability to take a picture then instantly look at it through the screen. They have the ability to take still shot images and videos through the electronic image sensor. You can download and print high resolution pictures without waiting for the film to develop overnight. The originator of the camera was Steven Sasson in 1975. The camera weighed 8 lbs. and had the resolution of 0.1 mega pixels. Since then, the digital camera has improved practically overnight! Now instead of waiting for the film to develop and then take as long to print onto a newspaper, we can upload the pictures onto the Internet without developing the film. | Digital Camera Inventions | Digital cameras given people the ability to mark important events and without cameras of video cameras we wouldn't be able to know what was happening today. Cameras are used so often that they were put into phones which is also another way to mark events. However, phone cameras are small and insignificant compared to regular cameras. | Steven Sasson and the first camera http://images.smh.com.au/2009/10/30/825793/steven-sasson-420x0.jpg
55: Today there are many different styles and types of cameras. Some of the cameras are small and portable, but just as effective as a regular, larger digital camera. After taking the picture, you can put them on a computer or laptop with an SD card or a CD or other disk. Also you can rework the picture on a photo editing program. Which gives you the option to reduce red eye, manipulate the color spectrum to their desired look, crop pictures which can get rid of outside and unnecessary background, and reduces the time spent on a picture. It also allows you to enhance your picture and retouch any areas you may think look bad. | The quality of the camera is based on your mega pixel rating. A mega pixel rating determines how large of a print a digital camera can generate and how “flexible” the image can be for editing. A four-mega pixel camera is great for uploading pictures on the Internet or being attached in an email, whereas eight-mega pixels are used for more professional quality of pictures. Those with higher resolution are used to make a picture sharper and clearer, although the other lower mega pixel is just as good only less pixels to make a clearer image. | A foil camera | http://photorumors.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/02/fuji-GF670W.jpeg | http://i.i.com.com/cnwk.1d/sc/34493918-2-460-0.gif A digital camera
56: Laptops were made in the in the 1990s. They were a big help to journalism. They no longer had to wait to get home and type the story but now they could type their story whenever the saw or heard a story. | Laptops In The 1900s How it Changed journalism forever By:Logan Barger | After that, laptops became popular to journalism. Laptops came in many different varieties. This helped everyone in their own way now they could tell each other how things were coming with just a push of a button. Journalist found this crazy that this happened in just a few years. | The first Laptop weighed 16 pounds.
57: This was one of the best things that had happened to journalist since the digitals cameras. The laptop had started the journalism stage in an online source. In 1991 the first apple computer that was ever made this was a big thing for the biggest laptops company now. Journalist have been using computers and laptops for twenty years now this was one of the best things that happen to journalism. | Macintosh came onto the laptop scene in 1989 with the Macintosh Portable. It weighed between 16 and 17 pounds and had a 9.8-inch 640 x 400 active matrix screen. Its best feature was an operation time of close to 10 hours on a lead-acid battery. These early laptops evolved into the PowerBook line and now the MacBook line. | These two Laptops are modern Laptops.
58: In our time today, journalists can just go on a website of some sort like Facebook, Twitter, or any other blog. If journalists herd any kind of news that would make a good story they would go on Facebook to check out everything and comment or post on something that would say this “What is going on?” Journalists would also go to Facebook or Twitter to find pictures of people, places or things that would go along with the news they were writing about. News travels really fast these days, if you post something on Facebook or Twitter everyone who reads about it knows what is going on and then people spread things that are going on and it keeps spreading by people or Facebook, Twitter and other blogs. People won’t have to turn on their T.V.’s to hear new news about things that are important to them they could go to Facebook or Twitter. | When journalists want to know something about someone on Facebook or Twitter they try to get a hold of that person or their friends by messaging them and they have to make sure to tell them that they are a journalist. People have the right not to tell them what is going on, what happened because they don’t want anyone else to hear about it, or they don’t particularly want to talk about it. If people do however give the journalists the information on what, why, where, when and how it happened thats where the journalists get their news. The other blogs aren’t as important as Facebook and Twitter, because right now Facebook and Twitter are the main cites that people would go to for news besides CNN. Some journalists go around looking for news on the streets or in unfamiliar towns. There isn’t many journalists that go on the streets to look for news, because who wants to go out and look for news to write about when they can just stay home and search the internet or blogs, and look up people or things they want to write news about. | Autumn Nasby | How Facebook, Twitter, and other Blogs Changed Journalism
59: On Facebook there is a “Subscribe” button which allows you to follow everything that a person or company is doing without being friends with them. Facebook allows journalists to have over 5,000 followers while everyone else can only have 5,000, Facebook got that idea from Twitter. Twitter is the most used website used by journalists because you can have many followers and you can follow many and you know what is going on more because Twitter gives more information. One really good thing that happens on Twitter is people post what is going on in their lives because that is the main reason Twitter is here so people can post about their lives or people can put jokes on there. | One of many things that Facebook and Twitter has that is great is the messenger. You can get messages on Facebook, Twitter, and some other social cites like Myspace or Bing, but Myspace isn’t used as much by people anymore. When journalists write their stories on the news feed that they got, they have to make sure no one will have the same news they have or have it written the same way. They have to find some way to make their story individual and they have to make it interesting to where people want to read about it. The main point here is that journalists don’t have to try as hard to get news now, as they used to before the internet and its social sites were invented/created, and the social cites make it a whole lot easier for them to get the news on someone or something. | About Facebook, Twitter, and other Blogs
60: Internet in the 2000s changed in many ways. Pod casting, PDAs, and Interactive Video Cell Phones were introduced. This changed journalism in many ways also. People could interact with each other more, and share their ideas more quickly, and accurately. It created more tools to organize things, and gave more opportunities for a person to conveniently write. Instead of carrying a computer around you could use a PDA or an interactive video cell phone. | Internet In The 2000's | By: Laikin Smith | In the year 2000, many PDAs, also known as Personal Digital Assistant, were released to the public. One of the most significant devices was the HP Jornada 545. It was everything that the makers could have dreamed. Millions were sold. There were several other models created, and they became a major hit. PDAs eventually turned into smart phones, so there was really no need for them. PDAs featured the ability to connect to the Internet, retrieve apps, email, store contact info, make to-do lists, take notes, perform calculations, and word processors. PDAs really affected journalism because it allowed a new workspace, and a place to share ideas, get ideas, share knowledge, and get knowledge.
61: Pod casting began in 2001, it took nearly three years of research to make the idea a reality. Dave Winer and Adam Curry were heavily involved with creating the pod casts. It was made for the potential of new ways to communicate. Instead of writing things down and sending them, you could send an audio or video file to someone. Pod casts are an effective way to learn because many are free, and if you use them right they can be really effective, especially in school and learning. Many colleges use pod casts to help students take notes. Instead of attending class, they can use a pod cast to get their notes. In early 2005, the Oxford English Dictionary began defining “pod cast”. By mid 2005 a keyword search of the term pod cast resulted in over 2 million hits. Pod casting is commonly found in blogs and in videos. Pod casting journalism because it gave new ways to communicate, and share ideas with others. | Pod Casting and Interactive Video Cell Phones | The term “smart phone wasn’t known until 1997. A smart phone or Interactive Video Cell Phone, is a mobile phone that built on a mobile operating system, with more advanced computing capability, than a feature phone. Google, Android, Apple, Nokia, Samsung, and etc. are all big names in the smart phone business. Apple first created the iPhone in 2007, now the iPhone is one of the best-selling smart phones out there. Smart phones relate to journalism because, it gives you the capability to download apps that can help you with what you're writing, and gives you the opportunity to take your work with you in a hand held device.
62: Internet Works Cited | Logan Barger's Work Cited http://mobileoffice.about.com/od/laptopstabletpcs/f/laptophistory.htm http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_laptops http://www.highlands.k12.fl.us/~aph/web%20project%20jaques-farr/index1.htm | Haley's Work Cited Roberto Sedycias ,Streetdirectory.com, 2012,9-10-12 Cindy Mikel, ehow.com/facts,2012,9-10-12 JKALAL ASSAR , Tech Tips.Salon.com, 2012,9-10-12
63: Autumn's Work CIted http://www.socialmediaexaminer.com/how-social-media-helps-journalists-break-news/ www.beatthepress.org/episode/segment/636 www.weareboomerang.com/.../how-has-the-digital-e... - United Kingdom | Laikin's Work Cited http://www.learningsutras.com/podcasts-in-learning http://www.thehistoryof.net/the-history-of-podcasting.html http://www.pda- 247.com/wordpress/2010/01/a-decade-of-pdas-and-smartphones-2000-2002/