FC: Mrs. Lombardo's Explorer's Book 2011 - 2012
2: John Cabot Background | John Cabot was born in Genova, Italy in the year of 1450. His life before he explored was a merchant.
3: Cabot's History Cabot discovered what is Maryland and Canada today. He claimed it for Spain. His biggest accomplishment was on his first voyage when he discovered part of Canada.John Cabot discovered Maryland and Canada so now we know more about our plant. Cabot disappeared on his second voyage returning home .
5: John Cabot's Voyages | King HenryVII of England paid for both of Cabot's expeditions to North America. Cabot 's first voyage with his son, Sebastian, was his only successful one. Cabot was looking for The Northwest Passage. On his first voyage Cabot had a small crew of seventeen men and one small ship. On Cabot's first voyage he set sail in 1497 to 1498. Cabot's first route was, he started in England sailed around Ireland and ended in what is today Canada and Maryland. Cabot was looking for the West Indies, and like Christoper Columbus he to believed
6: that by sailing west he could reach the West Indies faster. When Cabot reached North America he thought he had reached the West Indies. On Cabot's second voyage he set sail with more men and five ships. Cabot had no major troubles. He didn't stop anywhere along the way. Cabot never found The Northwest Passage.
8: Jacques Cartier | By: Caola'n H. and Alivia P.
9: ~His first voyage was in 1534. It involved two ships and 61 men in his crew. ~His second voyage was in 1535 with three ships and 110 faithful men. ~His final voyage was in the year of 1541. He had five ships. ~Cartier explored for France. ~His exploration route was the St. Lawrence River. ~He was looking for a Northwest passage to Asia. ~He didn't find what he was looking for, but he found part of the New World, quartz crystals and iron pyrites. ~King Frances 1 paid for all of his trips. ~In 1536, 25 of his men were killed from the cold. ~He didn't stop anywhere. | Explorations
10: Back round Info | #Born/1491 st.malo, Brittany #King Francis asked Cartier to be a sailer and Cartier was willing enough to do it. #Cartier , who was a respectable mariner,improved his social statues in 1520 by marrying Mary Catherine De Granches memberof a leading family. #hHe was recognized by many appearances in baptismal registers. #He was a sailor.
11: History books | # He die on September 1,1557, unknown death (typhus) # He spent the rest of this life in Saint Malo, where he was useful as an interpreter. #He was the first European to travel in North America. #He discovered the inside North America/Canada for France. #He is know for discovering North America for France.
12: Christopher Columbus Christopher Columbus was born in Genoa, Italy in 1451. He worked at his fathers shop and helped him run it. when he was 14 he became a sailer. When he was 25 he sailed to England. A group of pirates attacked the ships. He opened a shop that sold maps and books.By the age of 35? he had a idea to sail west to the Indies. He went to the Queen of Spain. They were in the middle of a war so he waited until 1492 to finally sail west. he sailed for Spain and he sailed for 1 year and 2 months he finally reached North America.
14: He sailed to America 4 times before he died. each time he went to America he sailed a different rout .Each time he found more things.
15: He died of illness on may 20th 1506 in Valladolid, Spain. All his sponsors were Spain. References Alder,David, A picture book of Christopher Columbus New York, Holiday House books, 1991
16: Ferdinand Magellan | Ferdinand was born on 1480 in Sabrosa, Portugal | Ferdinand's dad was the mayor of his home town, but sadly his parents died when he was ten.
17: He was the queen's messenger, and he lived and was educated in the royal court. he explored for Portugal and Portugal was the one who paid for his amazing voyage. He traveled from Portugal to the Spice Islands. He stopped a t the Philippines, and sadly died there. He did not find anything other than what he was looking for. | This is Ferdinand Magellan's route to Asia(The Spice Islands).
18: Ferdinand Magellan didn't find anything other than what he was looking for. | Ferdinand Magellan set sail on September 20, 1519 with 5 ships and 240 men hoping to get to Asia by going around the world. | F | Ferdinand Magellan was looking for a route to Asia.
19: Sadly Magellan didn't make the trip native people used poison spears, spears and knives on him. | Our explorer is important to history because he proved you could sail west to get to Asia. | Ferdinand Magellan did make the trip just not how he planned Ferdinand died but his remaining crew knew the route he planned to take and finished the trip.
22: Francisco Vasquez | By: Matt and Jesse
23: Crew and Ships | He had 300 soldiers and 1000 Indians | Spain paid for his exploration | He was looking for the Seven Cities of Gold | Had 3 ships the Cinca,Pinta,and the Sabretan
24: Backrond ,and exploration | Sailed from 1540-1542 | He was wounded by indians | He claimed a lot of land for Spain | Born at Salamanca,Spain in 1510 | He was a govenor ,and had a wife and 8 children | "Coronado, Francisco Vásquez de." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Columbia University Press, 2000. Reproduced in Kids InfoBits. Detroit: Gale, 2011. http://galenet.galegroup.com/servlet/KidsInfoBits "Coronado's Expedition." (Courtesy of The Library of Congress.) Tribes of Native America: Hopi. Marla Felkins Ryan and Linda Schmittroth, Eds. Blackbirch Press, 2003. Reproduced in Kids InfoBits. Detroit: Gale, 2011.
25: By: Matt and Jesse
26: New world encyclopedia (world book kids) Cortés was born in Medellin, Spain. In 1511, he joined the Spanish forces that conquered what is now Cuba. In 1519, he led a group of explorers and soldiers looking for a rich American Indian empire in what are now Mexico. His troops landed on the Mexican coast and marched inland to the capital of the Aztec empire. The Aztec ruler, Montezuma, greeted Cortés with gifts. But Cortés soon imprisoned Montezuma. In 1520, the Aztec rebelled against Spanish attempts to rule them. But the Spanish defeated the Aztec in 1521 and ended the Aztec empire.
27: Cortés later encouraged further exploration of Mexico. He controlled rich lands there and set up farming and mining operations. In 1540, he returned to Spain. He studied law at the university of Salamanca, on Feb. 19,1519 Cortes , with a force of some 600 men, fewer than 20 horses and 10 field pieces set sail from Cuba despite the cancellation. Cortes sailed along the coast of Yucatan in march 1519 landed in Mexico, subjugating the town of Tabasco; the artillery of Spaniards, the ships, and particularly the horses filled the natives with awe. Cortes learned of the Aztec Empire and its ruler, Montezuma II. Cortes took numerous captives. On November 8 1519 Cortes and his small force with some 600 native allies, entered the city and established headquarters in one of its large commutes. that attempts would be made to drive him out.
28: To safeguard his position, he had seized Montezuma as hostage and forced him to swear allegiance to Charles I king of Spain, and to provide a ransom of an enormous sum in gold and jewels. Cortes had Tenochtitlan razed and built Mexico city on its ruins. Colonists were brought over from Spain, and the city became the principal European outpost in America. The popularity that Cortés achieved in Spain because of his conquests and riches he had sent resulted in his being named governor and captain general of new Spain in 1523. In 1528 Cortes was ordered to relinquish the government of Mexico and returned to Spain.
29: He married the daughter of the count of Agiler and in 1530 returned to Mexico. There he found constantly checked in his activity, his property kept from him, his rights interfered with and his popularity waning. In 1536 Cortes discovered the peninsula of Baja California in northwest Mexico and explored the pacific coast of Mexico. In 1536 the Spanish explorer Francisco Vasquez de Coronado secured the right to seek the seven cites of Cibola and in disgust Cortes went back to Spain to complain. Again he was received with honor but could secure no assistance.
30: Robert de La Salle 1643-1687 By: Max Meusey and Tyrone Amerson
31: Background Information | Robert de La Salle was born in 1643 in Rouen, Normandy to Robert Caveliar/ de La Salle. His mother is unknown to me. When he was nine, he entered the Jesuit college in Rouen, the best school available. Robert was very smart, with praises from his teachers. The Jesuit fathers urged him to join the order. The order sends missionaries out to China, India, and to the New World( The Americas). At the age 15, he answered the Jesuit father's call, entering the order as a novice.
32: Explorations | Explorations In the summer of 1679, Robert de La Salle sailed to the New World for France. He was trying to put up forts, settlements, and trading posts. He dreamed of personal riches, too. La Salle sent a small crew and himself to Canada. There he got money. Then he went up with the Iroquois. Then he set sail- for the Mississippi River. When they got to Texas and were going up the Mississippi River, he was able to claim modern day Louisiana. By the time La Salle's men got to the top of Louisiana, all of them were hungry. To fix this, La Salle asked Native Americans for supplies. Thinking he was crazy, his men killed him. After that, his men scattered.
34: Juan ponce De Leon many adventures | By Omar and Trey | go
35: Ponce De Leon was born on 1460 in Spain . as a young boy Juan worked for a night in a war against the moors.
36: On his first voyage he went on the second voyage of Christopher Columbus.On his second voyage he was heading towards Florida searching for the fountain of youth (a magical fountain and if you drank from it you would stay young forever).
37: Juan Ponce De Leon had never found the fountain of youth or gold he did make new settlements in Florida. He died in 1521 when he was fighting Indians and got many wounds by arrows.
38: Hernando de Soto Hernando de Soto was born in 1496 in Spain. His father was a nobleman, and his mother was a noblewoman. He had three siblings. There names were:Juan, Catalina, and Maria. America was only discovered four years before he was born. | By:Clara and Amy
39: Exploration | Hernando worked for Pedrarias, and sailed to colony Darien on April 11, 1514. He saw how cruel Pedrarias could be when he stole and killed Indians. On 1521, he became Captain de Soto. This year, he took part in the control of Nicaragua. Pedrarias died a few years later, and he joined Pizarro. Afterward, he received several riches and left him. On 1541, he discovered the Mississippi River.
41: Hernando de Soto died of a fever after the return to the Mississippi River. His men sank his body into the river so Indians wouldn't find out about his death. This occurred on May 21, 1542.
42: Henry Hudson | Hudson was born in the year 1565 in England. | Hudson married Kathrine and had 3 kids named Oliver,Richard,and John. | Their is no real records of his birth, childhood,or early adulthood | By: Mary Burkhalter and Hannah Cronin
43: Explorations | On his 1st and 2nd voyage he was sponsored by the Muscovy Company in England. His 3rd voyage he was sponsored by they Dutch East India Company of Holland. His 4th and final voyage, he was sponsored by some English Merchants in England. | Henry Hudson was trying to find a quicker route to Asia. Though he never found what he was looking for he found many other treasures. | His 1st voyage he set sail on April 23,1607. Henry's 2nd voyage set off in the year of 1608. Early April, in 1609 is when his 3rd voyage set sail. His 4th and final voyage set sail on April 17, 1610.
44: Henry's 1st voyage was with the Hopewell. He had a crew of 11 people. He took his son John with him. He didn't stop anywhere along the way. His dangers or troubles on this voyage was he couldn't get through the thick and foggy weather of the North Pole. He 'found' that whales were by the North Pole. They were soon hunted for there blubber and oil by the Europeans. His route was London to Greenland to the North Pole to London. | Henry Hudson's 2nd voyage was also with the Hopewell. He had a crew of 13 people and he had his son John with him once again. He didn't stop anywhere along the way and he didn't find anything other than what he was looking for. The dangers or troubles he faced were the bad weather, ice, and he couldn't get around the islands of Novaya Zemlaya. His route was London to Norway to Novaya Zemlya to England. | His 4th and final voyage was with the Discovery. He had a crew of 20 men and 2 boys. HE didn't stop anywhere along the way. He did not find anything other than what he was looking for. The dangers was some of the crew members threw him and his son, John, in a small boat with a couple of crew members. The voyage route was England to Iceland to Greenland. (some of the crew made it back to England but Hudson and John didn't). | Hudson's 3rd voyage was with the Half Moon. He had a crew of 18-20 on the Half Moon. John also went on this voyage with Henry. He changed routes to explore North America against his contract with the Dutch East India. His dangers and troubles on this voyage was the freezing weather, icy waters, and a bad encounter with the Native Americans. He found something other than what he was looking for-he found and claimed; Maine, North Carolina, New Jersey, and New York Bay. Amsterdam to Norway to North America to England was his route for this voyage.
45: Impacts and Outcomes | On his first voyage he discovered that whales were hunted for their blubber and that their was no way the North Pole. | He found Hudson Bay, Hudson Strait,and Hudson River. | Henry Hudson is important to history because he found most of the New England States and claimed them for Spain. | Some crew members thought he was hiding extra food for himself and loyal crew members so they put him on a small boat with him, his son John , and 7 of his most loyal crew members. | Bibliography Doak S., Robin, Hudson Minneapolis, Compass Point Books, 2003