BC: Platonic Notes | Positive Consequences The dialogues The forms Democracy Philosophical contributions Governmental proposal Negative Consequences Ideals for perfection are unrealistic Three tier class system lowers social mobility Lower classes in the system displayed as inferior
FC: Plato Ah Historia
1: Plato started upon his philosophical career as well as his search for truth whilst studying under Socrates. He was the prized student of Socrates and began to be his student at the age of twenty. After Socrates was given the death penalty Plato was devastated, and he wandered Greece and the Mediterranean.
3: Devastated by the death of his master, Plato wanders around Greece and Mediterranean areas to find some reckoning, only to be captured by pirates. Friends of Plato come to his aid and gather the ransom money to ensure his release, but they find that he is released without the ransom. Plato's friends buy him a small area of land called Academus so he can start his school, which would come to be the center of Greek learning for almost a millennium.
4: Plato wrote The Apology as an account of the trial of Socrates and the speech that Socrates made after being accused of corrupting the youth and rejecting the gods. In the part where Socrates interrogates Meletus, the man who brought him to trial, the Platonic method of Plato is revealed. The writing of The Apology in some ways led to his greatest work.
5: It is believed that Plato is very much like Pythagoras, with the exception that Plato is much less mystical. Plato is both idealistic and rationalistic. In in some of his works, he has divided reality in two. "Ideals are the ultimate reality and phenomena, like natural phenomena, are a manifestation of the ideal." According to Plato, ideals are unchanging, meaning perfect whereas phenomena are illusions that die and decay. Plato was searching for the absolute truth.
6: Plato puts the same aspect of phenomenon and ideals to humans. The body is material and mortal. The soul is ideal and immortal. One of the Platonic Ideals speaks about the soul's distinction. "The soul includes reason as well as self-awareness. So the soul will always choose to do what is good, if it recognizes what is good."
7: Plato believed that since the soul would try to do the best thing, it is drawn to God. He stated that we gradually move closer to God as we complete tasks of good within our individual lives. Plato's ethical goal of life was the resemblance of God and to come as close as possible to the absolute truth and the purest form of any ideal. In essence, the goal is self-realization.
8: Plato has mentioned in his writings about the three levels of pleasure. The first level is sensual pleasure, of physicality. The second level is aesthetic pleasure, or beauty. The third and ultimate pleasure is of the mind, or ideal pleasure. The other part of this is the three parts of the soul. Appetite is mortal. Spirit and courage are also mortal and reside within the heart. Reason is immortal within the brain. These are some of the Platonic Ideals.
10: When Socrates was 60 years old, Plato came to him at the age of 20. When Plato was 60 years old, Aristotle came to him at the age of 17 and joined the Academy. He was so clever as a pupil that he was Plato's prized student and the "Mind of the School," even though Aristotle disagreed with Plato on many points. Either way, Plato's discovery of Aristotle's intellect enabled him to have a tool of sorts to pass on much of his own experiences, helping him to keep his legacy and allowing Aristotle to follow Plato's ethical goal.
12: The Republic is a Socratic dialogue in which Plato proposes the idea for a perfect government system focused solely on finding the definition of justice and upholding it. The Republic is the best of Plato's dialogues and the one for which he is most accredited. He sets up a system of three classes with knowledge being the key factor.
13: Plato is considered to be the father of philosophy due to his numerous contributions in that field. The various dialogs and forms along with his pursuit of his personal truth has helped him to be established as one of the most pivotal people in ancient times. For this, Plato has had positive outputs throughout his entire life, but there are also negative consequences of his pursuit.