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Oregon Trail

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FC: The Oregon Trail | By: Caitlin , Claudia, and Abigail.

1: Dedication We dedicate this to Mr. Herzog, because he has been a fantastic teacher to us throughout the year!

2: Table of Contents pg3. Cities along the way pg4-16. About the Cities Along the Way pg17-18. African Americans pg19. Food on the Trail pg20. Their Clothing pg21. Weaponry pg22-23. Handy Items pg24-25. Native Americans pg26-27. Diseases and Hardships pg28-29. Women On The Trail pg30-31. Quotes From Women On The Trail. pg32-36. Work cited

3: Cities Along The Way | The cites along the way that the emigrants went through were below. | -Oregon City - The Dalles -Whiteman Mission -Fort Boise -Fort Hall -Soda Springs -Fort Bridger -Independence Rock -Fort Laramie -Chimmey Rock -Courthouse Rock -Independence

4: The Oregon Trail was found in 1842 where the Willamette River flows into the Columbia River. Oregan City was the first territorial capital of Oregon. | Oregon City

5: The Dalles | The Dalles was named by fur trappers for the French word for gutter. Here emigrants floated down the Columbia River in rafts through the stony river gorge.

6: Whitman Mission | Whitman Mission was found in 1836 by Dr. Marcus Whitman and his wife, Narcissa. The Whitman Mission was the site of one of the worst tragedies along the Oregon Trail.

7: Fort Boise | Fort Boise was built by a British firm. Fort Boise was established in 1834 as a direct competitor to the nearby Fort Hall.

8: Fort Hall | Fort Hall was established by Nathaniel Jarvis Wyeth in 1834 along the Snake River. Fort Hall first served as a fur trading post.

9: Soda Springs | Natural bubbling pools of carbonated water, caused by ancient volcanic activity, have long made Soda Springs an attraction. Soda Springs was located along a shortcut in the trail off of the main route to Fort Hall.

10: Fort Bridger | A mountain man named Jim Bridger began this fort as a trading post in 1842.It soon grew to be one of the most important outfitting points for emigrants along the Oregon Trail.

11: Independence Rock | Independence Rock was named for a fur trader's Fourth of July celebration in 1830. This huge rock became one of the most famous of all Oregon Trail landmarks. The giant piece of granite is 1,900 feet long, 700 feet wide, and 128 feet high.

12: Fort Laramie | The fort was begun by fur traders as Fort William in 1834, where the North Platte and Laramie Rivers met. In 1849, the U.S. military purchased the fort and named it in honor of Jacques La Ramie, a local French fur trapper.

13: Courthouse and Jailhouse | Located in the Platte River Valley, Courthouse Rock and its smaller companion, Jailhouse Rock, were among the first landmarks seen by pioneers heading west.

14: Chimney Rock | Chimney Rock is located twelve miles west of Courthhouse and Jailhouse Rock. Chimney Rock was one of the most picturesque landmarks along the Oregon Trail. It signaled the end of the prairies as the trail became more steep and rugged heading west towards the Rocky Mountains.

16: Independence, MO | The town of Independence grew rapidly as a trading post. By the 1840's, it was the most popular "jumping off" point for pioneers to stock their wagons with supplies before heading out to Oregon or California.

17: Moses Harris: Also known as the Black Harris and the Black Squire. Moses Harris became a wagon train guide on the Oregon Trial after spending years exporling and fur trapping in the mountains. | African Americans

18: Ruben Shipley and Mary Jane Holmes: Ruben Shipley's owner granted him his freedom upon arriving in the Oregon Territory in 1853.

19: Food on the trail | Some of the food on the trail was hardtack, cornmeal, bacon, and eggs.

20: Clothing wool sack coats, cotton shirts, boots, and cotton dresses.

21: Weaponry: Rifle Pistol Knife

22: * Candles *Lantern *Bandages *Yarn *Campstool *Spy Glasses *Liniments * Surgical instruments *Needles *Pins *Chamber Pot *Washbowl

23: Handy Items

24: An emigrarnt's wagon was carefully assembeld to be certain they had enough supplies and shelter, while at the same time avoiding excessive weight.

25: Most Native Amircans were tolerant to the pioneer wagon trains that drove thourgh thier lands. Some traded and swapped bufflao robes and moccasins for knifes, clothes, food, and other items. Sometimes the Native Amircans were known for staeling from the emigrants along the road. The Native Americans used the trail to travel on also.

26: Diseases and Hardships | The Trail Everyone who chose to walk the Oregon Trail had to walk about 2,000 miles across the country next to a wagon full of supplies. Together they had to cross rivers, climb mountains, and deal with mud and dust. | Weather The weather could range from thunderstorms, snow, wind, hail, droughts, and sometimes rain so strong it would damage the wagon's canvas cover.

27: Cholera Symptoms: Diarrhea, vomiting, and leg cramps. Spread by contaminated water and food. Head and body lice: Itching, irritated scalp. This happened when people on the Oregon Trail could not bathe and had to wait for clean water. Malaria symptoms: Chills, sweats, fevers, and abdominal pain. This occurerd when being bitten by a infected mosquito. Scurvy symptoms: Swelling and hemorrhaging. This would occur from a impropper diet. | Diseases and Hardships

28: Women on the Trail Married women were expected to put their family happiness before their own. They would tend the sick and injured when they were unwell themselves. Some women would die from either exhaustion or overworking themselves. Some women only had few weeks notice about the move to Oregon. Others had time to prepare. Once a husband's mind was made up the woman had no say in staying.

29: Women on the Trail: The interpretation Men: Looking forward to their destination. Children: Life on the trail was a "Grand adventure" Woman: Looking backwards. Missing their home and their family. | Woman on the trail drove wagons, herded livestock, yoked oxen, and sometimes took turns on guard duty.

30: "...one does like a change and about the only change we have from bread and bacon,is bacon and bread." -Helen Carpenter | Quotes From Women on the Oregon Trail. | "All our work here requires stooping. Not having tables, chairs, or anything it is very hard on the back." -Lodisa Frizzle "Well,well, this is not so romantic; thoughts will stray back (in spite of all our attempts to the contrary) to the comfortable homes we left and the question --is this a good move?--but echo awswers not a word." -Lucy Ide

31: Quotes From Women on the Oregon Trail. | "...when danger threatened and my services needed, I knew that if i couldn't shoot straight I could at least sound the alarm. ...I put on my husband's hat and overcoat, then grasping our old flintlock between my shaking handsI went forth into the darkness." - Margaret Hecox "I have cooked so much out in the sun and smoke that I hardly know who I am and when I look into the little loking glass I ask, Can this be me?" -Miriam Davis

37: Thank You!!!

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