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FC: By: Wyatt, Abby,and Sam | Oregon Trail
1: Table Of Contents Page 2-3: Dedication page Pages 4-9:Diseases and Hardships Pages 10-13:Women On the Trail Pages 14-15: Native Americans and African Americans On the Trail Pages 16-17: Provisions On the Trail Pages 18-23: Stops On the Trail Pages 24-25: Works Cited
2: We dedicate this mixbook to our teacher, Mr. Herzog, and Sam Lloyd for giving us these computers and the opportunity to make fun things, like mixbook.
4: Diseases and Hardships Some of the deaths occurred in rivers, when people would try to cross them. They would either drown or pick up a disease on the way and die soon after. Another cause was the horriffic walk. Some people did not have enough room in the wagon because it was grossly overloaded with food and supplies.
5: There was also plain old accidents. The emigrants' wagons didn't have any safeey features, if anyone were to fall under one of the huge wagon wheels death would be instant. Sadly many died this way, mostly children. Another cause of death was weather, great thnderstorms took their toll. Six emmigrants were killed by lightning strikes, many others were injured by hail the size of apples. Heavy rain was also a difficulty. There was no shelter on the open plains. And the covered wagons eventually leaked.
6: Another cause of death and perhaps the most common and deadly cause of death was, Cholera, A mysterios and deadly desiese. For witch their was no cure. Often an emigrant would go from healthy to dead in just a few hours. If they were lucky they would recieve a proper burial, but more often than not the sick
7: would be abandoned in their beds, on the side of the trail. They would die alone. To make matters worse, animals would usually dig up the bodies leaving bones and body parts spread across the trail. This trip was difficult and left many dead. It just shows that these peole are strong hearted and know what they want.
8: Wait, what did they want? They wanted freedom! They wanted 40 acres on pure county, not some cheap apartment in the city.
10: Woman On the Trail The woman on the trail did more than you would think. Women were in charge of the domestic routines in camp,just like they were at home.
11: Women did chores such as cooking, cleaning, mending clothes, watching the little ones, and did other, "womans work". More often than not women had to perform these chores after a long day of walking through dust and heat.
12: Married woman in the nineteenth century were expected, and routinely did, put the wellfare of the family above their own. It's not like the women had any better idea of how to cope with the struggles that the men had to handle, they had their place and the women were accustomed to being the last line of defense against the family's misfortune.
13: Some woman were taken by illness, like little nutrition, and exahaustion. They assentually worked themselves to death. The woman on the Oregon Tail are a proud piece of history.
14: Native Americans The Native Americans along the trail were thought to be violent so the settlers expected attacks. They never came. Instead the Native Amercans helped the settlers.
15: African Americans In 1788, Marcus Lopez was the first African American to set foot on Oregon soil. In 1805, York, William Clarks slave, comes west on the Lewis and Clark expedition. In 1851, Jacob Vanderpool becomes the only person kicked out of Oregon territory because of his skin color.
16: Handy Items: Liniments Chamber pot Tallow Bandages Washbowl Spyglasses Campstool Lantern Scissors Surgical instruments Candle molds Needles, pins, thread
17: 200 pounds of flour, 150 pounds of bacon; ten pounds of coffee; twenty pounds of sugar; and ten pounds of salt." A family of four would need over a thousand pounds of food
18: The emigrants used small farm wagons, they appear simplistic but were, -advanced vehicles. , the undercarriage centered around a kingpin, which allowed the front wheels to pivot, so the wagon could turn easily. And the front wheels are smaller than the ones in back--which also helped the wagons to round sharp corners. The wagon box measured only four feet by ten feet. Most emigrants loaded them to the brim with food, farm implements and furniture--often over a ton of cargo.
19: Jumping Off City: Independence, MO | For many years Independence was the most popular "jumping off" point on the Oregon Trail. Here the emigrants stocked up on supplies and prepared their wagons.
20: This area became one of the more popular jumping-off places for the Mormons. | For most imegrants St. Louis St.louis was the last big city most would ever see.
21: Here, the Oregon-bound emigrants might encounter a Native American for the first time. | Rock Creek Station was built primarily to serve the stagecoach and Pony Express.
22: While the valley could support farming, it was an unknown and unprotected place in the 1840s.
23: This was the place where Marcus and Narcissa Whitman finally ended their epic 1836 journey. Their small expedition was the first to bring families to Oregon by wagon (See Introduction to the Trail) . The Whitmans named their mission Waiilatpu "place of rye grass."
24: Works Cited Digital image. 8 June 2009
25: Digital image. 5 June 2009