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Oregon Trail

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Oregon Trail - Page Text Content

S: Oregon Trail

FC: Oregon Trail | By: Emily, Kaya, and Holly!

1: Table of Contents: | -Cities along the way: pg. 4 and 5 -Hardships and Diseases: pg. 6 and 7 -African Americans: pg. 8, 9, 10, and 11 -Supplies and Provisions: pg. 12 -Women on the Oregon Trail: pg. 13 -Native Americans: pg. 14 and 15 -Native Americans

2: Dedication | We dedicate this mixbook to Mr.Herzog and Ms. Winokur, because they are the ones who made this school year the best school year that we have ever had. | You guys let us have fun, but yet we were still learning at the same time. | Thank you so much for everything!! From: Emily, Kaya, and Holly

3: Page

4: Cities along the way! | Some cities along the way were: | Oregon City Whitman Mission The Dalles Fort Boise Fort Hall Soda Springs Fort Bridger Independence Rock Fort Laramie Chimney Rock Courthouse Rock Independence

6: Hardships | The second worst thing that happened was crossing rivers. They had so many things, and still had to cross the rivers. Some of those things were wagons,babies ,etc. | The biggest of all the hardships was the journey. They travled 2,000 miles on foot!

7: Diseases | One of the biggest diseases that killed many is cholera. Cholera isCholera is an acute, diarrheal illness caused by infection of the intestine with the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. The infection is often mildr without symptoms, but sometimes it can be severe. Approximately one in 20 infected persons has severe disease characterized by profuse watery diarrhea, vomiting, and leg cramps. In these persons, rapid loss of body fluids leads to dehydration and shock. Without treatment, death can occur within hours. | One disease was cholera. Cholera is a diarrhea illness which causes a very bad infection in the intestines. Three effects of cholera are watery diarrhea, vomiting, and very horrible leg cramps. | Another disease is malaria which is caused if you get bit by a malaria infected mosquito. The symtoms of malaria are the chills, sweats, fevers, and abdominal pain. Then, malaria travels to your lungs and that's when it gets really bad and can kill you.

8: African Americans on the Trail | African Americans were not allowed to be on the Oregon Trail. But one person, Rose Jackson, made a difference. | Rose Jackson was the Allen Family's slave. Then, since she had been their slave forever, when it was time to depart for the Oregon Trail she couldn't leave them so she made them poke holes in a box and take her on the Oregon Trail. With that, she became history.

9: Left: John Jackson, Rose Jackson's husband. Right: Wagons riding on the Oregon Trail.

10: Reuben Shipley and Mary Jane Holmes | Rueben Shipley was a slave and was owned by a different family then his wife and sons. A few years passed and he was finally free. He went to go buy his sons back and the owner said that Rueben's wife had passed away a couple years before and refused to sell him his sons back. He was very depressed for a few years. Then, on the Oregon Trail he met Mary Jane Holmes, a married women. They fell in love right away. When they decided to get married, Rueben had to pay Mary Jane's husband $750 to let her go. After they got married they raised 6 children and had a wonderful life. That is Rueben Shipley's story.

11: On the right is Mary Jane Holmes, Rueben Shipley's second wife.

12: Provisions on the trail What a family of 4 might take on the trip? 200 pounds of flour, 150 pounds of bacon, ten pounds of coffee, twenty pounds of sugar, and ten pounds of salt. That is a lot!

13: Women on the Trail | Some women only had a few weeks notice that their family was moving to Oregon, but some had enough time to prepare. The women could delay the journey to Oregon. | Not all women were against the idea of moving to Oregon. Men looked forward to their destination. Children thought that life on the Oregon trail was an impressive adventure. The women missed the comfort and security of their homes that they left behind.

14: The first section of the Oregon Trail divided two major Native American tribes--the Cheyenne to the north and the Pawnee to the south. | Emigrants offered clothes, tobacco or rifles, in exchange for Native American horses or food. | After a few years, the emigrants had overgrazed the prairie grasses. | The emigrants burned all the available firewood, and used all the buffalo. | Native Americans

15: The most important confrontation with the native tribes was near Ft. Laramie in 1854. | Ft. Laramie came to be known as the Grattan Massacre. The story behind this is ... | A single cow wandered away from an emigrant wagon train. When the cow showed up at a nearby Sioux village, the tribe promptly ate it. An aggressive Lt. Grattan and 28 men then left Fort Laramie with a single objective--punish the Sioux. The Sioux recognized their error and offered a horse in return for the cow, but Grattan wasn't interested. He ordered his men to fire on the tribe.

16: Works Cited

17: Works Cited Awesome Oregon Trail pic. Digital image. 4 June 2009 . Beautiful Oregon Trail Picture. Digital image. 4 June 2009 . Conestoga wagon. Digital image. . Digital image. . Digital image. 9 June 2009 . Digital image. 9 June 2009 .

18: Works Cited Continued Ferry crossing river. Digital image. . "Hardships on the Oregon-Trail." Idaho State University. 04 June 2009 . Native Americans. Digital image. 4 June 2009 . Oregon Trail. Digital image. 4 June 2009 . Oregon Trail. Digital image. 4 June 2009 . "Women on the Oregon Trail." 5 June 2009 .

19: You have reached the end of the Oregon Trail experience! Congradulations! | Thank you for joining us!

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  • Title: Oregon Trail
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  • Published: over 9 years ago