FC: Oregon Trail | BY:Desi,Hayley, and Sabrina
1: Table of Contents | Women on the trail:3-4 Hardships on the trail:5-8 Provisions on the trail:9-12 Diseases on the trail:13-14 Native Americans:15-16 African Americans:17 Cities along the way:18 More About the trail:19-21 Images cited: 22 Work Cited: 23
2: Dedication Page | We dedicate this online book to our fabulous teachers who have helped us throughout this year.
3: Women on the Trail | The women had many duties . They had to herd livestock, yoke oxen, and somtimes took turns at guard duty.
4: More about Women | Married women in the 19th century were expected to, and indeed many routinely did, put the welfare of their family above their own well being. Women tendedto the sick and injured even when they were, themselves, unwell. However, some women, already ill, malnurished, or exhausted, were overwhelmed, and ultimately woked themselves to death. Some women only had a few weeks notice that they were moving to Oregon. Other woman had a few months notice to get everything needed to go on the 2,170 miles trail.
5: Hardships on the Trail | One hardship was walking. Only few could fit into a wagon, so many traveled by foot, walking the whole 2,170 mile journey.
6: Hardships on the Trail | Another hardship was from wagon accidents. Children sometimes fell under the wagon wheels, dying instantly.
7: Hardships on the Trail | Weather was another hardship. Emigrants had to walk, and ride through rain, and heat. Things got ruined, and people got sick. Lots of thunderstorms also meant people getting struck by lightning. Half a dozen people got struck by lightning!
8: Hardships on the Trail | One hardship on the trail was river crossing. Hundreds died from crossing rivers like the Kansas, North Platte, and the Columbia River. In 1850 37 people died from crossing the Green River.
9: Provisions-The Covered Wagon! | This is a diagram of the covered wagon.
10: The Wagon | The wagon has the bonnet, the wagon bow, | Provisions on the Trail | Handy Items Chamber pot Bandages Washbowl Lantern Sicssors Needle,pins,cloth Candle molds Surgical items | Tools Ax Hoe Shovel Chains Hammer Spaddle Plow Spikes Heavy ropes Linchpins | Weaponry Rifle Gun Gunpowder Bullet pouch Knife Pistol Hatchet Powder horn
11: Provisions on the Trail | Food Hardtack Bacon Coffee Dried Beans,beef, and fruit Tea Rice Cornmeal Eggs Vineagar Salt Pepper Baking Soda | Clothing Cotton Shirts Boots Cotton Socks Buckskin Pants Duck Trousers Wool Pantoloons Brogans(shoes) Sunbonnet Rubber Coats Green Goggles Flannel Shirts | Cooking Utensils Skillet Coffee Pot Ladle Butcher Knife Teapot Matches Water Kettle Reflecter Oven Dutch Oven Tin Tableware
12: Provisions on the Trail | Waiting A lot of the time people had to wait for a long time. Waiting for the grass to grow, so the animals could eat. If they went to early it could turn into a terminal problem. | Supplies Familys of only four needed a thousand pound bag of food for a 2,000 mile journey! Thus, they of course, needed a wagon. | Over Packing A lot of familys overpacked. So, their only choice was throwing things out! A lot of scavengers from juming off cities took advanage of this, taking all of the abanded utensils.
13: Diseases on the Trail | Some diseases that occured on the trail were cholera, the flu, small pox, measles, mumps, and tuberculosis.
14: Diseases on the Trail | These diseases can spread fast and easily. They could spread throughout a whole camp! Cholera was the most deadly. A completely healthy person could die from cholera in just one day. It was a very tragic disease.
15: The first section of the Oregon Trail bisected two major Native Americans tribes. | The tribes were... The Cheyenne to the north, and the Pawnee to the south. | Native Americans
16: On the trail the Native Americans didn't hurt the emigrants, They showed kindness , helping to pull out stuck wagons, rescuing drownging emigrants, and even rounding up lost cattle.
17: African Americans On the Trail Along the way in 1844 slavery was declared illgeal. Africans were brought on the trail by many people as slaves. Most people were not forced to free their slaves on the Oregon Trail even thought they were banned. They did this to keep the population of African Americans down to a minimum.
18: Cities along the way. There were many jumping off cities along the Oregon Trail: St Louis, Westport, and St Joseph. These cities depended on emigrants passing through, some hired agents to get east and badmouth the competing companies.
19: Approximately 1000 pioneers were on the amazing trip to Oregon. | The Oregon Trail was the only land route for settlers to get to the west coast. From 1843 until 1869 when the first transcontinental railroad was completed, there was over 500,000 people who made the trip by covered wagon pulled by mule, or oxen. Some peope went all the way to Oregon just to have a farm to grow crops. Others went all the way to California just to look for gold. | The trip usually took about 4-6 months on wagon, but if people wanted to take the long trip they would take a boat by sea, that took about 1 whole year to complete. | More about the trip
20: When the time came to leave, the settlers would all try to leave at once to make a major traffic jam. As their traveling continued the settlers relazed that they over packed, they were forced to lighten their loads by throwing goods overboard. Because some loads were too big some were forced to walk the 2170 mile journey instad of riding in the wagon. | Being on the trail was not just walking, there were tragic accidencts. One being getting run over by the wggon which ment sudden death. Another tragic accident was a gun shot. being shot from an unfinished pistol in the wagon.
21: In the early spring emagrants campers would infiltrat independence, missiouir and set up camp., and wait for the grass to grow along the Oergon trail. While waiting for the grass the emagrants would stook up on supplies, try to locate some friends, and make other preporation for their long jurney. | Lots of the settlers travled in farm buggys, 4 feet by 10 feet. With over a 1000 pounds of food. The waggons had a cotton covers, with linseedoil to keept the rain of. many were eqquipted with tool boxes, water contaners, and an axle. If you broke an Axle that ment you had to abondon the woggon. | The Trail
24: Created to inform you on the Oregon trail.