FC: The Alphabet Islam Style
1: By: Mei Mei McDowell Chickie Pagano Marinos Rrapaj Marty Power Demi Ferrrara | The Alphabet Book Islam Style
2: Demi | A | "A" stands for Allah. "The main teaching of Islam is that there is only one God, Allah." The Muslims believe that Allah is there only God. They also believe that his wills are presented through the angel Gabriel.
4: This important city is the capital of Abbasid and is the home of the House of Wisdom. It is also the world's center of education and literature. It was also a great trading site. | Baghdad
6: C - Caliph
7: In 632 the Muslim community named the first caliph of the Muslim Empire. His name was Abu-Bakr and he claimed the title as the successor/deputy. He wasnt the only caliph as time passed, there was Umar, Uthman and Ali. They followed the Qur'an and they became to be known as the "rightly guided" caliphs. | Demi
8: Demi | D
9: D- Dome of the Rock This monument is the earliest surviving Islamic monument. The Dome of the Rock i located in Jerusalem and it was completed in 691. The Dome of the Rock is the third most holy place in Islam. The Dome's significance os that the Muslims believe that Muhammad went to heaven to learn about Allah's wills. Afte he had learned, Muhammad returned to earth to tell the people what he had learned.
10: When the Abbasids came into power over the empire, they killed many of the remaining members of the Umayyad family. They moved the capital of the empire to central Iraq. This move was a good thing because the location provided a perfect place for trade and this allowed different goods and ideas to get to other empires. Money also came and grew after the Abbasids gained power.
11: Demi | E - Extension of Power Extends Trade
12: F is for Fatimid | Fatimid is a citizen of the Muslim dynasty around the 800's to the 1200's. These citizens traced their ancestry back to Fatima who was Muhammad's daughter. Since they claimed they were related to Fatima they were believed to be related to Muhammad. This caliphate was a branch of the beliefs of the Shi'ites. Fatimids built an empire in North Africa, Arabia, and Syria in the 10th- 12th centuries. | F
13: Marty | Fatimid is a citizen of the Muslim dynasty around the 800's to the 1200's. These citizens traced their ancestry back to Fatima who was Muhammad's daughter. Since they claimed they were related to Fatima they were believed to be related to Muhammad. This caliphate was a branch of the beliefs of the Shi'ites. Fatimids built an empire in North Africa, Arabia, and Syria in the 10th- 12th centuries.
14: G is for the Geometric Patterns | G
15: Marty | The Muslims used many types of geometric patterns in their art such as things radiating, repeating etc. The reasoning for these artistic ideas were an effect of Muslim artists not being able to worship Allah through their art. Geometric patterns and designs can be found in many things that were created during that time such as pottery, architecture, paintings,and mosaics. A famous mosaic can befouled in the Jami Masjid Mosque in India that uses interesting patterns that radiate from the center star looking figure. Also, the Arabesque is a mazy, perplexing, beautiful design. It includes floral designs and geometric patterns and an Arabesque design can also be found in the Jami Masjid Mosque. | G
16: H | H is for Hijrah
17: Marty | Marty | Hijrah is when Muhammad and a band of devoted followers moved from Mecca to Yathrib which was later renamed Medina, a city 200 miles north of Mecca. This happened because Muhammad's followers were being attacked. So eventually he had enough and in 622 he decided to leave Mecca. Muhammad was a born leader and that showed when he compromised with the Arabs and the Jews to live harmoniously as a single community in Medina. Both of these groups took him as a Political leader for his leadership skills, a Religious leader since he converted so many people into Muslims, and a Military leader because of the grown hostility between Mecca and Medina.
18: I is for Islam | I
19: Marty | Islam is a monotheistic religion that came about in the seventh century A.D.. This religion was and effect of Muhammad's revelation with Gabriel. After he heard the message about Allah through Gabriel he started preach that Allah should be the only god praised and people who believed this monotheistic idea were known as Muslims. The arabic languages says that Islam means submission to the will of allah and Muslim means one who has submitted. 613 was when Muhammed preached publicly but some people didn't buy into his ideas. They believed that his ideas would make people neglect the other gods and they would be angered with the people of Mecca. The beliefs and practices of the Muslims were the five pillars which dealt with faith, prayer, alms, fasting, and pilgrimage. If the Muslims would carry out these ideas, they would be living their religion and serving as a citizen of their community. Muslims also believe in not eating pork or having intoxicating beverages.
20: Marty | J is for Jobs of women | J
21: Women were supposed to be obedient and are supposed to listen to men according to Qur'an. But as believers men and women are equal. Muslim women got specific legal rights concerning them. Muslim women had more economic and property rights than Indian, European, and Chinese women at that time. Wives of poor men would have to work in the fields with them. Whereas a wife of a wealthier person would manage their house and servants. No matter what class women were responsible for the upbringing of their children. When Islam was relatively new women had public lives and could take part in education but over time they had to be veiled when they went out in public.
22: Ka’aba is a cube-shaped building in Mecca and it is the most sacred site in Islam. The Qur’an states that it was built by Abraham and his son Ishmael. All prayers around the world face Ka’aba when they pray wherever they are.
23: Marinos | K stands for... Ka'aba | Category Islam Culture
24: L stands for Leadership | Marinos | Category Muhammad
25: Leadership had a big importance in Islam community. Without good and convincing leadership Muhammad might have not convinced his follower to go back to Mecca and take it over. He must have had amazing leadership skills to convince 10,000 people to follow and other to pledge loyalty to him.
26: Muhammad was a man that was mostly known when he was in his upper 40s. Muhammad was the man that after research came to the conclusion that there is only one god, Allah, and that all other gods should be abandoned. He also concluded that he was the last of the prophets. He began to teach that there is only one god and after some of his followers got attacked in Mecca they migrated to Yathrib. This migration was called Hijrah. During his migration he attracted many followers. In Medina which was the given to the city after it was renamed Muhammad showed his leadership skills. In 630 the prophet returned to Mecca and with sure victory he took it over. Many Meccans pledged loyalty and later more converted to Islam. Muhammad died two years later however his goal was complete, to unify the Arabian Peninsula under Islam.
27: M stands for Muhammad | Marinos | Category: Muhammad
28: N stands for Nomads ... to be exact Arab Nomads | Saudi Arabia | Marinos | Category: Muslims who made major contributions
29: The Arab Nomads called Bedouins were people that lived in organized places and groups called clans. These clans provided security and peace for each other in such unfriendly conditions of the desert. Their traditions warrior skills and loyalty to the family would become part of the Islamic way of life.
30: Many advancements in math and science allowed Muslim mathematicians and scientist to view the world with another eye. Ibn al-Haytham which was a brilliant mathematician produced a book called Optics that revolutionized ideas about vision. He explained that people see just because rays pass from the objects to the eye and not the eye to the objects as mostly believed.
31: Marinos | O stands for Optics. | Facts that relate to inventions
32: Mei Mei McDowell | P is for Pillars... The Five Pillars to be exact.
33: As a part of the Muslim traditions, believers follow the Five Pillars. These duties included professing their faith, strict prayer routines, giving Alms as a part of charity, fasting during the holy month, and a pilgrimage to Mecca. The Five Pillars play a similar role to the Christian's Ten Commandments. Both of these systems serve the purpose of laying down the religious duties of the people. | P
34: Q is for Qur'an | Mei Mei McDowell
35: The Qur'an is the Muslims' holy book. This book consists of all of the revelations that have been received by Gabriel. The Qur'an is written in Arabic and is believed to be true words of Allah. Since the book was in Arabic, it spread wherever the book traveled, uniting the Muslim people.
36: Muhammad was deeply involved with religion. It is said that his perspectives on spirituality changed drastically overnight. This was caused by an intense spiritual experience that he went through. They think that he heard a voice call out to him, telling him that he was a messenger of Allah. The voice that Muhammad heard was the angel of Gabriel. As a result of this experience, Muhammad decided that Allah was the only God. People who fallowed this belief became known as Muslims.
37: Mei Mei McDowell | R is for Revelations and Religion
38: Muslims believed that Muhammad's way of life and prayer was an example or role model for how they should live. They called this Sunna. Their holy book, the Qur'an was also part of their model of living. The combination of the Qur'an and their role model, Muhammad, became the system of law called shari'a. Shari'a consisted of laws that guided their morals, family life, and business life. | Mei Mei McDowell
39: S is for Shari'a
40: Mei Mei McDowell | T is for Trade
41: During the 600's, there were many trade routes connecting to other continents. One of the goals was to spread goods from the Silk Roads to the east. There were two main sea-trading networks that were operating. They were the Mediterranean Sea and the Indian Ocean. As a result of the efficient trading systems, there only needed to be one language and one currency, which helped unite the empire. They also created a universal way of dealing with the currency. They built banks and created sakks, which were what we know today as "checks".
42: The Umayyads were a family that came to power after the assassination of Ali in 661. The Umayyads were the ones who decided to move the Muslim capital to Damascus, where it was further away from Mecca. As a result, controlling already conquered territories was much easier. Since the Umayyads were the group to take over after the fall of the caliphs, they had the authority to change the systems. They decided to get rid of the simple life traditions that the previous caliphs came up with. Instead, they focussed more on wealth. As a result, the Muslim community started to fall into divisions.
43: Mei Mei McDowell | U is for Umayyads
44: V is for Veil:
45: Chickie | In the early years of Islam, women were given the right to participate in public activities and proper education. However as time passed these rights slowly vanished. Women soon lived extremely isolated lives. When women were to go appear in public she was to be in formal attire. A woman seen in public was required to be veiled. The most common term for veiled that the Muslims use is the word veil in Arabic; niqab.
46: The Muslim worshippers originally were a large group of monotheistic peoples, until Muhammad carried a message of personal experience throughout. Muhammad told of Allah speaking to him through the Angel of Gabriel. He then stated to the peoples that there was one god only, and that were Allah. He had said all other creatures believed to be gods were not actually gods. There were mixtures of opinions amongst the peoples of Mecca. Those who did not believe Muhammad’s monotheistic ideas began to rebel because they believed Mecca would lose its position as a pilgrimage center. Around 622, Muhammad led his worshippers out of Mecca. Together they moved to the city of Yathrib. This migration became known as the Hijrah. Muhammad was seen by his worshippers as a political, religious, and military leader. He preached and appealed to a large amount of people. He had such an appealing message to send to others that many religious people converted to Islam.
47: Chickie | W is for Worshippers of Muhammad | The text below the image is the shahada or Profession of faith: "There is no god but Allah, Muhammad is His messenger."
48: X is for Xi'an! | CHICKIE
49: The city of Xi’an is still a city in China. The city was accessed by using the Silk Roads. One of china’s eldest societies are the Muslims. Based on historical records, it is said that the first Muslims migrated to Xi’an. The migration occurred in 650, when Muhammad was sent as an envoy to teach emperor Gaozong about Islam. However, this was only the beginning in a short length of time Muslims spread to all sections of China. In Xi’an a Muslim quarter which still exists today was constructed. The Muslim quarter is a mixture of both Islam and Chinese culture.
50: Y is for Yathrib! | CHICKIE
51: In 622 A.D. Mecca had become a threatening and dangerous place for Muhammad because of his beliefs. He and his follows took refuge in Yathrib. Muhammad was appreciated and well respected in Yathrib. The citizens of Yathrib constructed a Mosque out of appreciation for Muhammad. The town later takes the name of Medina in appreciation towards Muhammad also. Yathrib/Medina progresses and with the leadership of Muhammad becomes the center of Muslim faith.
52: Words from the Qur’an: Those Who Stint Woe to those who stint the measure: Who when they take by measure from others, exact the full; But when the mete to them or weigh to them, minish- Have they no thought that they shall be raised again For a great day, A day when mankind shall stand before the Lord of the worlds? | Z is for Zakat | CHICKIE
53: Zakat meaning purification and growth. One of the most important principles to the Muslims is that all things belong to god. The possessions of one are purified when they have set aside time and money for those in need, by doing so one permits and encourages new growth. Zakat is the amount of money that all adults are required to pay in order to support specific categories of people. Categories of people refer to the needy and the poor.
54: GROUP CITATIONS: | "The Great Mosque of Xi'an." All About China . N.p., 2010. Web. 20 Mar. 2011.
55: "PBS - Islam: Empire of Faith - Faith - God." PBS: Public Broadcasting Service. 2011. Web. 18 Mar. 2011.
56: "Dome of the Rock ." jerusalempedia.com. Web. 21 Mar 2011.