FC: Our Non-Fiction Study of Frogs | Mrs. Dudla's ELA Students 2012
1: To our classroom friends who helped us write this book. | Our Dedication
3: Table of Contents 1. Introduction 2. OurAmazing Questions 3. Where Can You Find Frogs? 4. Life Cycle 5.. Parts of A Frog 6. What Do They Look Like? 7. How Do They Survive? 8. Frog vs. Toad 9. Fascinating Facts 10. Glossary 11. About the Authors 12. Reference Information
5: Introduction | Ribbit Ribbit Ribbit! | Experience frogs! Frogs are unique creatures. They are amphibians that live in the water until they can live on land. Frogs can be found all over our planet near ponds, rivers, forests and even deserts. They can be tiny like your pinky finger or large like a puppy. Frogs can be all colors of the rainbow too. There is even a frog with see through skin! Read on to learn more about these great creatures.
7: Our Amazing Questions: I Wonder? How long can their tongues be? Are there different kinds of frogs? How long can they stay under water? Why are they always slimy? Can you keep them as a pet? Do they have teeth? How high can they jump? Do they move in other ways? Does it hurt them when you squeeze them to hold? How do they breathe under the ground? Do they change color when they partially freeze? How do they treat their young? Where do they live? Are they helpful to the environment?
9: Where Can You Find Frogs? | Frogs are very strong creatures that can survive anywhere! Their different types can survive in different places depending on the species. There are over 3,000 kinds of frogs. You can find frogs in over 5000 different places with water or watery plants. The only place you wouldn't find a frog is in Antarctica due to the extreme cold. Some frogs can live in cold places or survive winter seasons, but in a hibernating state under the ground.
11: Life Cycle of a Frog | Frogs fertilize eggs that develop in a clear jelly. These eggs can be found in Trees, ponds or even the belly of the "Daddy" frog who swallows them to protect them. The eggs hatch into tadpoles that stay in the water with gills to breathe. The tadpole slowly loses it's tail and grows back legs. It starts to take the shape of the frog over several weeks. When it's lungs are ready it can hop onto the land. They have a lifetime of approximately 20 years.
13: Parts of a Frog | You would notice many things when you look at a frog. The first thing you would see are it's enormous eyes. Their eyes can rotate and see all the predators around them. Next you would notice it's moist slimy skin. They need to be wet in order to breathe. They have really long legs in the back for jumping. The front arms are smaller, but strong for their landings. They have hands and feet that can be webbed for swimming or sticky for climbing. You may not notice it's ears, but they have hearing membranes on their heads. Their bodies have less bones than a person. Most frogs have 159 bones. Most of the bones are located in their hands and feet. They do not have ribs like humans either. This helps them fit into small spaces.
15: What They Look Like | Frogs come in different sizes and colors. They have a round shaped body with 4 legs. They appear to have no neck. They are known for large eyes and large mouths. Their colors can camouflage them to match their surroundings. Their colors can also be bright to save them from being prey to animals such as birds and snakes.
17: How Do They Survive? | Frogs survive by staying near wet environments. Their skin needs to stay moist or they will suffocate. Their bodies will adapt to most temperatures. Frogs will go underground when temperatures are too cold. Their breathing slows down to help them use less energy while waiting for Spring. Frogs live to eat! They eat other animals such as bugs, beetles, worms and even mice. They will sit very still until movement is seen in their huge eyes. Then they will lash out their long sticky tongue to catch their snack.
19: Frog Vs. Toad | Many people confuse frogs and toads. Toads are actually a kind of frog. Toads are different in the fact that their skin is bumpy and wider than most frogs. They run or crawl more than jumping because their back legs are shorter. Toads do not have as many predators because their skin is bitter to taste.
20: Fascinating Facts | Frogs shed their skin and eat it! Frogs don't chew their food- Swallow only! Frogs will eat whatever will fit in their mouth! Some frogs eat other frogs! Some frogs can jump 6 feet! Some frogs are only 1 centimeter tall.
21: Some frogs can sound like wind-chimes! Male frogs sing to female frogs. Frogs will bury themselves in mud to stay wet. Frogs partially freeze underground in winter! A female frog can lay over 50 eggs at a time. People eat frogs legs!
22: Amphibian- A cold blooded creature that lives in the water until it develops lungs for land. Camouflage- To blend in with similar surroundings. Environment- All the surrounding things Hibernating- To pass the winter in a resting state | Glossary
23: Lifetime- period of time that life lasts Membranes- A thin soft layer of animal tissue Predator- Preying on other animal for food. Prey- An animal that is hunted Suffocate- To smother or not breathe
25: The Authors | Our ELA Class has 20 amazing and unique students. We work as a great team. We are creative too! We love to read and write Non- Fiction! | 2011 - 2012
27: Photo Credits | Reference Materials | Open Clip Art Library http://openclipart.org Google Searches: theinformationarchives.com frog-life-cycle.com photographyblogger.net wallpaper.net ** Main Repeating Frog: deliciouslyspiritual.wordpress.com | 1. Bishop, Nic. Frogs. New York:Scholastic Inc. 2008 2. Heinrichs, Ann.Frogs. Minneapolis, MN: Compass Point Books.2003