BC: The End
FC: O Pioneers! by Raabe Xavier
1: Pioneers were the first people to settle in the frontiers of North America. Although many of the pioneers were farmers, others were doctors, shopkeepers, blacksmiths, missionaries, lawyers, and so on. They came from many places in the United States to start their new lives. The majority of their ancestors came from European countries such as England, Germany, and Scotland. Before leaving their homes they either saved money for the trip, sold their land and other possessions, or agreed to work for others on the trip.
2: The reason why pioners traveled to the Fontier | Although the pioneers traveled to the frontier for many different reasons, they all wanted an opportunity to start new lives. Many of the pioneers were farmers. They went to Oregon, Texas, and other areas of the frontier for the inexpensive or even possibly free land. This land was available for homesteading. They wanted the rich, fertile land for their crops. Other people came to the frontier because they had heard stories that made the new lands sound like magical places. Some went to the frontier in order to prospect for gold, to hunt and trade fur pelts, and for many other reasons
3: The pioneers traveled to the frontiers of North America. In the 1700s the frontiers were the Appalachian Mountains. Later they traveled west across the Mississippi River. Look at the map below to see the Westward Expansion of the United States. The orange-colored section represents the settled areas of the the United States. shows that the settlers had moved into the Appalachian Mountains by the 1760s. shows that during the early 1800s pioneers began claiming fertile areas of land beyond the Mississippi River. shows that during the mid-1800s Americans started settling the Great Plains, Pacific Coast, and Texas.
4: The Pioneers traveled in a wagon called a covered wagon. The wagon was usually a wooden wagon made of hickory, oak, or maple. A wooden piece made from hickory stuck out from the front of the wagon. This piece called a tongue was connected to the yoke of the oxen, mules, or horses.
5: One of the first things the pioneers did when they got to their new homes was buy land. Although land cost about two dollars an acre in many areas, that was very expensive to some pioneers. After they bought their land | they had to clear the rocks and tree stumps so they could build their houses and plant crops. The first spring and summer they did little, other than working the land. Their first home was a lean-to. It looked like an open shed that faced the fire. Most of the pioneer women and children made quilts for the beds. If they didn't buy land where there was a stream, the men would build a well. When a group of pioneers lived near each other they would often build a stockade, or fort to protect themselves from Indians