FC: Magnificent Matter
1: Magnificent Matter Written by: Miss Cox's 5th Grade Class 2009-2010 Fabulous Fifth Graders: JaKobie, Mason, Riley, Brady, Myles, Elijah, Jordan, Elliott, Aubre, Crystal, Jacob, Karina, Ryan, Latrice, Tyler, Shanan, Kaitlyn, DeJuan, Dallas, Hunter, Hayley, Samantha, Madison, Hannah, Abby, and Skyler
2: Matter is anything that has mass and occupies space. Everything is matter...even a living person! Matter can change from one state to another. Matter is the substance of which all physical objects are made. Matter is everything around you. Elliott, Myles, and Shanan | What is matter?
4: The three states of matter are solids, liquids, and gases. Plasma may also be considered a fourth state of matter. Abby, Aubre, and Tyler | The States of Matter...
5: Solids... | Solids keep their shape unless they are broken. In solids, the particles are arranged in a regular pattern and touch each other.
6: Liquids... | Liquids are one of the three states of matter. The particles are close together but are not fixed in place.
7: Gases are all around you. You can feel gas when the wind blows. | Gases... | Try This... You will need one balloon, a water bottle, baking soda, and vinegar. Pour baking soda in the balloon and some vinegar in the bottle. Attach the balloon to the mouth of the bottle, and watch the magic happen.
8: Mass is the amount of matter in an object. Hannah, Kaitlyn, and Skyler | What is mass?
9: Among all the objects, the object with the greatest mass is the car.
10: Using a balance is one way to measure mass. To measure mass using a balance, you put the object you want to measure on one side and put the weights on the other side to even out the balance. Mass is measured in grams. | How to measure mass... | 106 g
11: The first picture contains sugar cubes being measured (19g). In the second picture, we measured the mass of the wooden cube (7g). The last picture contains a ping pong ball being measured using the balance (2g). The balance works like a seesaw. | Dallas, DeJuan, Elijah, and Mason
12: Volume is the amount of space an object takes up. All objects have volume. For example, helium gas has volume because it takes up space in a balloon.. | What is volume? | Brady, Jacob, JaKobie, and Hunter
13: Measuring the volume of a liquid... | ...using graduated cylinders. The largest beaker has a volume of 1000 mL.
14: Crystal, Karina, and Latrice One way to measure volume of a solid object is to use a mathematical formula. Multiply the length by the width by the height to find the volume. (LxWxH) To measure the volume of an irregular shape, use a graduated cylinder. Using water displacement, you can find the volume of the object. | How to measure volume...
15: The unit of measurement for the volume of a solid is cubic centimeters. The unit of measurement for the volume of a liquid is milliliters (mL). | Water Displacement: 1. Add water to a graduated cylinder and measure the amount. 2. Drop the object into the water. 3. Record the new level of water in mL. 4. Subtract the starting mL from the final to find the volume of the object. | 25 mL | 10 mL | 100 mL
16: What is density? | Everybody has the same question, what is density? Density is the amount of mass per unit volume of an object. It measures how tightly matter is packed into an object. The formula for density is density equals mass divided by volume. You measure density in grams per cubic centimeters. | Riley
17: The Diet Coke and the Coke have the same volume. If they have the same volume, why does one float and the other sink? This happens because the Coke has more sugar than the Diet Coke, which means that the coke is more dense than the diet coke. | Coke and Diet Coke | Hayley
18: What are lava lamps? Lava lamps are an experiment you can do when learning about density. After combining the oil, water, and salt, you can tell that oil has a lower density than water because it floats on top of the water. The salt has a greater density than water because it sinks to the bottom. Madison | Lava Lamps
19: What is a seven layer density column? A seven layered column is an experiment you can do when learning about density. It shows the density of the ingredients. The honey, which is on the bottom, has the greatest density. The lamp oil has the lowest density because it floats on top. Samantha | Seven Layer Density Column
20: Try this! | What do I need? - A glass jar - Vegetable Oil - Salt - Water - Food coloring What do I do? 1. Pour about 3 inches of water into the jar. 2. Pour 1/3 cup of oil into the jar. 3. Add one or two drops of food coloring. 4. Shake salt on top of the oil while you count slowly to five. Jordan and Ryan | What do I do? 1. Pour about 3 inches of water into the jar. 2. Pour 1/3 cup of vegetable oil into the jar. 3. If you want, add one drop of food coloring the the jar. 4. Shake salt on top of the oil while you count slowly to five. | Salt Volcano Lava Lamps
21: 1. Why does the oil float on top of the water? 2. What has the greatest density?