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Pyromania - Page Text Content

FC: Pyromania! | Alexis Russo | Danielle Fatzinger

1: History | -rare disorder -occurs in males more than females -most firesetting due to: *adjustment-related disorders *conduct disorders *external social influences | -childhood interest in fire is an indicator of adult arson, not always pyromania *repeated firesetting from children could be caused by attention getting ideas -Neuro-chemistry does not immediately mean mental disorder: Environmental factors can cause disorders to emerge

2: History Continued | -Early researches used counseling as treatment *caused a problem because pyros do not see the problem -In 1840-1890 pyromania was labeled as a form of monomania, moral insanity, or instinctive mania -In 1850 it was thought to be ‘diseased brains but, not diseased minds.’ | -Pyromania was considered a nonmedical concern punishable by law -From 1924-1957 pyromania was described as an urethra-erotic character trait, obsession or psycho-sexual based neuro impulse. -1924-1985 set as a disease, grounded in psycho-analytical disease rather than moral responsibility

3: Examples | -Example: Jeremiah *dad was a firefighter *loved anything that had to do with fire *wanted to be a firefighter in his future *played with smoke detectors *parents thought he wanted to be like his dad *loved Dad’s tales of fires *Loved scent of smoldering ash *Set fire to a brush pile, pulled the alarm at school | -Example: Joseph *At first, set small fires to get mother’s attention *burned a barn to the ground, set fires in a residential home for juvenile offenders

4: Examples Continued | -Example: James *mother died when he was 12, then he started setting fires *kept detailed journal of fires *set fire to cats *No sense of guilt or remorse *psycho-therapy has not helped

5: Symptoms | -Building of tension before the setting of fire -Relief & Pleasure after fire is set -“aroused” by fire -fascinated by fire and fire-related items -often become firefighters | -Reasons for Setting Fires include: *NOT anger/ revenge *NOT financial reasons *NOT destroying evidence *NOT another mental disorder *NOT including hallucinations or delusions -Often plans fires ahead of time

6: Symptoms Continued | -Does not consider consequences *Property destruction *harm to self/ others -Damage from fire may make pyromania feel gratification -Isolated firesetting NOT a symptom -Often cases of clinical depression develops | -enjoy observing fires as well -Rage and revenge may be subconscious -typically begins in childhood -poor social skills, learning difficulties, sensation or attention seeking -Firesetting can be derived from lack of parental involvement, limited supervision & stressful events -firesetting wanes in frequency -Primarily Caucasian

7: Treatment | -Psycho-therapy *increasing patient's awareness of their actions or consequences *increases understanding *effective for things such as anxiety disorders *not effective on most impulse-control disorders -No motivation. Patients feel they must and cannot stop themselves -Most patients ARE aware of actions and consequences -not caused by psychological things; caused by how a brain processes information

8: -Learning VS. Action Part *Dr. Koziol from Handbook of Childhood Impulse Disorders and ADHD *Lessons learned cannot be communicated to other parts of the brain’ actions cannot be stopped *Leads to OCD, ADD, or other impulse control disorders | Treatment Pt.2 | -Could be resulted imbalance of neurotransmitters OR malfunction in nerve cells designed to receive neurotransmitters -Medication to restore balance | -Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs) *most common anti-depressants *Serotonin- important in brain communication *brain communication influences behavior

9: Treatment Pt. 3 | -Nerve systems *Sympathetic- “fight or flight” * Parasympathetic- balances, slows, or blocks effects of sympathetic -“Tension” before firesetting is a ‘overactive sympathetic sytem.’ -“Relief” is a parasympathetic becoming active -Too little serotonin leads to overactive sympathetic *leads to impulsive acts | -SSRIs *Prozac, Paxil, Zoloft, Celexa, Luvox *clinical depression cause it balances moods *also for eating disorders, alcoholism, smoking, aggressive behaviors, or OCD

10: Treatment Pt. 3 | -Anti-depressants (for pyromaniacs with depression) can increase anxiety, making conditions worse. | -Stablizers *usually used to treat mania and bipolar disorders, also used for some impulse control disorders *scientists aren’t sure how they effect chemicals in the brain *examples: lithium and risperidone | -Drug therapy is most effective because it corrects the chemical imbalances

11: Treatment Pt. 4 | -Treatment more effective if started in childhood *re-education, family therapy, behavior modification -Recovery different if pyromania is *associated with alcoholism *involved with ritualized behaviors -Pyromaniacs respond to treatment and don’t often have relapses if their life stay balanced as well as their brain

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Danielle Fatzinger
  • By: Danielle F.
  • Joined: over 8 years ago
  • Published Mixbooks: 1
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About This Mixbook

  • Title: Pyromania
  • Psych Project on Pyromania
  • Tags: psychology, pyromania, disease
  • Published: almost 8 years ago