BC: Created by Miss Doktorchik for her Junior High LA Class. 2009
FC: Romeo and Juliet Novel Study
1: Cast of Characters Romeo - our lovesick hero Juliet - our doomed heroine Mercutio - Romeo's friend, Prince's cousin Tybalt - Juliet's moody cousin Benvolio - Romeo's cousin and BFF Friar Lawrence - marries Rom and Juls The Nurse - Juliet's babysitter Lord & Lady Montague - Rom's ma & pa Lord & Lady Capulet - Juls' ma & pa Count Paris - old guy to marry Juls Prince Escalus - ruler of Verona The Apothecary - sells illegal drugs Friar John - tries to help Friar Lawrence Peter, Samson & Gregory - Juliet's servants Abram & Balthasar - Romeo's servants Rosaline - Rom's unseen love, pre-Juliet Chorus - chants the prologues
2: OBJECTIVE 1: I can read texts and combine new ideas with things I already know. OBJECTIVE 2: I can explore hidden or underlying meanings in texts (symbolism, irony, figurative language) and explain what they mean. | OBJECTIVE 3: I can analyze how theme, mood, perspective, language choice, plot, setting and characterization affect the meaning of a story. OBJECTIVE 4: I can read and experiment with new types of language, particularly Shakespeare. | OBJECTIVE 5: I can explain my point of view through writing. OBJECTIVE 6: I can communicate my ideas to others through a variety of tasks. OBJECTIVE 7: I can pay attention to conventions. | OBJECTIVES
3: History of "Romeo and Juliet" Shakespeare did not invent the story of Romeo and Juliet. In fact, a poet named Arthur Brooks first brought the story of Romeo and Juliet in a long poem. | But don't give Brooks the credit either! He took his version from older versions too - in fact, we may never know just how old the tale of Romeo and Juliet is, or where it orginated.
4: Iambic Pentameter The natural rhythm of speech that Billy wrote with. 10 syllables per line. | Elision Slurring the syllables in your words to make them fit the 10 syllable beat. | Caesura Taking a natural breath, even if there is no punctuation telling you to do.
5: Some terms that may come up... I used them a lot in my writing! | Antithesis Opposite meanings. These are used to make a specific point in a confusing way!
6: TIPS FOR READING SHAKESPEARE
7: 1. Breathe at the punctuation. - Note what we Shakesperian people like to call "emjambment", which basically means when one sentence takes up more than one line. Don't stop reading at the end of the line; stop reading at the end of the sentence, just like you would in reading a book. 2. Tackle it one thought at a time. - Everyone knows it - Shakespeare is one long-winded dude! So don't worry about mulling through an entire passage and then figuring out what it ALL means - go one phrase at a time! Try this one, spoken by Goneril from King Lear: By day and night he wrongs me; every hour He flashes into one gross crime or other, That sets us all at odds: I'll not endure it: His knights grow riotous, and himself upbraids us On every trifle. When he returns from hunting, I will not speak with him; say I am sick.
8: 3. Note the Caesura - Take a breath! Slow it down. If you feel like you need to pause to let a thought sink in, do so. There is no need to rush through Shakespeare, or you'll just get confused! 4. Pay Attention to Capitalized Words - If a word is capitalized in the middle of a sentence, and it's not the name of a character from the play, find out who or what that words means: it will help you figure out what the person is talking about. 5. Use the Dictionary - Shakespeare often does not use strange, sixteenth-century words that are completely obselete. Most of the words that people have trouble with are simply good vocabulary words - words we still use today, just not frequently. Find out what they mean, and heck, start using them in your daily speech!
9: 6. Identify the Antithetical Elements - When Shakespeare starts rambling on and on using a whole bunch of opposites (Oh loving hate!) stop and pay attention - somewhere in that series of opposites is an important idea or theme. 7. Consult the Experts for Help - No one expects you to know it all. Your teacher probably doesn't know it all - so work as a team to find clues, meanings, and opinions from others. Use the Internet, use books from the library, and use each other!
10: THE PROLOGUE | Two households, both alike in dignity, In fair Verona, where we lay our scene... | 1. What things are introduced during the first prologue? Why do you think Shakespeare chose to tell us what he did in the prologue?
11: THE PROLOGUE | 2. Setting doesn't just include the location. It also includes the time, the circumstances of the characters, the social structure, and many other issues. Summarize the setting of this story as outlined by the prologue. 3. Choose three words or phrases that you encountered in the prologue that seemed confusing or difficult. Explain what they mean.
12: Act 1, Scene 1 1. What does the fight between the servants tell us about the feud in Romeo and Juliet? 2. What does it mean to "take the wall"? (Line 13) 3. What is wrong with "biting your thumb" at someone?
13: Introduction of Romeo: 7. What is your first impression of Romeo? Why is he acting the way he is? How does this set up Romeo for the rest of the play? | Fight Between Tybalt and Benvolio: 4. What kind of character is Benvolio? How is he antithetical to Tybalt? Speech from the Prince: 5. What is the punishment for fighting on the streets as decreed by the Prince? How is that ironic? 6. Why does it bother the Prince so much that there is civil unrest in Verona?
14: Act 1, Scene 2 1. Who is Paris? 2. In this scene, what impression do we get of Lord Capulet? How does he feel about Juliet and marriage? 3. How much power does Juliet have over her own life? What evidence do we see of this?
15: 4. How does Peter, the Capulet servant, provide comic relief in this scene? 5. Why does Romeo decide to crash the Capulet party? Does Shakespeare provide any foreshadowing of future events?
16: Act 1, Scene 3 1. How does Juliet feel about marriage? How does she feel about Paris? 2. Describe the Nurse character. Use at least FIVE descriptive phrases in your response.
17: NON-MIXBOOK ACTIVITY With a partner, create a chart comparing the "Men of Verona" to the "Women of Verona". How do men and women have different roles in Verona's society? Do men have power over women? Do women have power over men? What do men discuss? What do women discuss? Compare and contrast the gender roles. When you are done, write a brief paragraph about why Shakespeare chose to show these roles in the play. OBJ 2, OBJ 3, OBJ 4, OBJ 5, OBJ 6
18: Act 1 Scene 4 1. What are the boys about to do in this scene? 2. Why does Romeo feel jumpy? 3. Describe the type of person Mercutio is. Use clues from his behaviour and his speech. | Act 1 Scene 4 Use the handout Miss D will give you to summarize the famous Queen Mab speech and to figure out what it is actually about! Keep this set of notes with your Men Vs. Women of Verona chart - these notes will come in handy at the end of the play when we write our essays and do the Unit Exam.
19: Act 1, Scene 5 1. Why did Shakespeare include the scene with the servants? (two main reasons) 2. What is ironic about Romeo's entrance to the party? 3. What happens when Tybalt hears Romeo's voice? | Act 1, Scene 5 4. How does Romeo convince Juliet to kiss him so quickly? 5. What foreshadowing do we get at the end of Act 1 Scene 5?
20: Act 2 Scene 1 1. Where do Mercutio and Benvolio believe Romeo is hiding? (Keep your answer as clean as possible!) 2. What is Romeo actually doing? 3. What things does Romeo compare Juliet to?
21: 4. Who proposes? What is the plan? | Act 2, Scene 2 1. More Irony: Why does Shakespeare make Mercutio and Benvolio talk about 'physical love' in the scene right before the balcony scene, where Romeo and Juliet talk about emotional love? 2. A famous line from this scene is "that which we call a rose by any other name would smell as sweet." What does this mean? 3. What does Romeo swear his love by? Why does Juliet not like this?
22: Act 2, Scene 3 1. What does Romeo go do immediately after leaving Juliet? 2. What does Friar Lawrence think about Romeo's sudden change in love interests? | Act 2, Scene 3 3. What does Friar Lawrence think of Romeo's suggestion? Why does he agree to help?
23: Act 2, Scene 4 1. What has happened as a result of the party-crashing? 2. What does Mercutio call Tybalt and why? 3. Why is Mercutio so crude when describing Romeo's night? | 4. How does Mercutio treat the Nurse? 5. What is interesting about the way the Nurse and Peter speak to one another? (Hint: look at the style of writing). | 6. What do the Nurse and Romeo decide to do regarding the marriage? 7. What is the mood of the scene?
24: Act 2, Scene 5 1. What happens in this scene? 2. Why does the Nurse torture Juliet the way she does? (Think about the Nurse's personality when you answer.)
25: Act 2, Scene 6 2. Analyze Friar Lawrence's speech to Romeo - not really a bubbly, pre-wedding type speech, is it? | Act 2, Scene 6 1. What happens in this scene?
26: Act 3, Scene 1 1. What happens between Tybalt and Mercutio? 2. What does Romeo do in retaliation? 3. How have Romeo's own choices led to his downfall? | 4. What creates a tragic hero? 5. What is Romeo's fatal flaw? 6. What happens after the fight between Romeo and Tybalt? 7. How is this the turning point in the story?
27: Act 3 Scene 1 ALTERNATE ACTIVITY If you do not feel like answering any more Mixbook questions, here is an OPTION. Write a brief news article detailing the events of Act 3 Scene 1. You are news reporter from Verona covering Mercutio and Tybalt's murder. Use details from what eye witnesses have told you, what blabbermouth Benvolio has disclosed, and explain what the Prince has decreed. Your news article should have an opening paragraph, a body, and a concluding paragraph. Include a title and a byline under the title (your name.)
28: 4. How does Juliet react when the Nurse scolds Romeo? What did this say about Juliet's view on her marriage? 5. What does the Nurse decide to do? | Act 3, Scene 2 1. What is the confusion in this scene? 2. List four examples of antithesis that Shakespeare uses in this scene. Why does he use antithesis here? 3. What does Juliet feel about what Romeo has done?
29: Act 3, Scene 3 1. What is the relationship between Romeo and Friar Lawrence? 2. How does Romeo show that is still foolhardy and willing to put emotion before logic? 3. What is the Friar's suggestion to make things right? 4. How does the scene end?
30: Act 3 Scene 4 1. What has been decided regarding Juliet’s fate in this scene? 2. What was Capulet’s only concern about this? What does this tell us about his relationship with his daughter?
31: Act 3 Scene 5 1. What is the significance about “larks” and “nightingales” in this scene? 2. What super-obvious foreshadowing does Shakespeare give us as Romeo leaves? 3. How does Juliet react to her mother’s announcement? 4. How does Capulet react to Juliet’s acceptance, or lack thereof? What is the ultimatum he gives her? 5. Quote one of the lines you feel PROVES Capulet is not the best father. 6. What does Juliet tell the Nurse? Is this truth or a lie? What do you believe she will do?
32: Act 4 Scene 1 What Would You Do? In this scene, Juliet throws herself on the mercy of Friar Lawrence, begging for a way to avoid having to marry Paris and stay true to Romeo. Friar Lawrence comes with a craaaaazy plan to have Juliet fake her own death by drinking a concoction he's made for her. What would you do? Let's play "Good Angel Bad Angel" to find out! Place yourself in Juliet's position. Sit in a chair at the front of the class facing the audience. On your left shoulder you have a 'good angel' - one of your classmates. On your right shoulder, you have the 'bad angel'. You announce your issue and explain it, and then the good angel and bad angel verbally hash it out to convince you to do as they say. They get 30 seconds each, and five rounds. By the end of the five rounds, you must make your choice based on the advice your angels gave you.
33: Act 4 Scene 1 Questions 1. Why is Paris at the church? What does he tell the Friar? 2. How does Juliet use double entendres in this scene? 3. How does Juliet mirror the actions of Romeo, who was in the very same place just the day before? 4. What are some things Juliet would rather do than marry Paris? 5. Outline Friar Lawrence's plan in detail, step-by-step.
34: Act 4 Scene 2 1. Why is the servantman blathering on about cooks who lick their fingers? 2. What is an unexpected result of Juliet telling her father she'll marry Paris?
35: Act 4 Scene 3 1. Juliet is unsure of taking the poison for three reasons. Describe them. 2. What thing does Juliet imagine that finally convinces her to drink the potion?
36: Act 4 Scene 4 1. What is this scene all about?
37: Act 4 Scene 5 | 1. How is Death personified in this scene? 2. Are Juliet's parents unconcerned by her death, or angry that they don't get to marry her to Paris? Explain your answer. 3. What does the Friar tell the family to stop them from shouting out in grief? 4. What is the reason for having the argument between Peter and the musicians?
38: Act 5 Scenes 1 & 2 Let's take a break from questions! These scenes are fairly easy to understand: Romeo is told the wrong information by Balthasar, and in the next scene, Friar Lawrence learns that Friar John did NOT deliver the oh-so-important letter to Romeo. | Confusion abounds, and Romeo swears he will lie dead beside Juliet this very evening. The Friar realizes Romeo will do this very thing, since he knows how impulsive Romeo is, and rushes to the Capulet crypt as fast as he can. Unfortunately, Romeo has quite the headstart on him.
39: SYMBOLISM | Some very important symbolism in this section has to do with the use and purpose of POISON. In his first appearance, in Act II, scene ii, Friar Lawrence remarks that every plant, herb, and stone has its own special properties, and that nothing exists in nature that cannot be put to both good and bad uses. Thus, poison is not intrinsically evil, but is instead a natural substance made lethal by human hands. Friar Lawrence’s words prove true over the course of the play. The sleeping potion he gives Juliet is concocted to cause the appearance of death, not death itself, but through circumstances beyond the Friar’s control, the potion does bring about a fatal result: Romeo’s suicide. As this example shows, human beings tend to cause death even without intending to. Similarly, Romeo suggests that society is to blame for the apothecary’s criminal selling of poison, because while there are laws prohiting the apothecary from selling poison, there are no laws that would help the apothecary make money. Poison symbolizes human society’s tendency to poison good things and make them fatal.
40: Complete the Health Advisory Assignment which can be found on Miss D's class website. www.freewebs.com/missdrocks Read the Example Health Advisory to get an idea of how to write a health warning advisory, and then use the information from the previous page in this Mixbook to help guide your responses. Have fun. This is a nice break from question answering. | Act 5 Scene 1 & 2 Assignment
41: Act 5 Scene 3 FIN! Summarize the ending of the play here, and write a three paragraph review on the piece. Paragraph One: - Name and author of play. - Genre of the play (horror, comedy) - A quick summary of the plot. Paragraph Two: - Two best things about the play. - Two worst things about the play. Paragraph Three - Your rating of the play on a scale of 1-5 (one being worst). - Defense of your rating. - Recommendation or not to read the play.