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Romeo & Juliet Study Notes (Copy)

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FC: Romeo & Juilet

1: Study Notes

2: Prologue 1. What things are introduced during the first prologue? Why do you think Shakespeare chose to tell us what he did in the prolgue?

3: 1. In the first prologue we are introduced to these two high ranking family's who have been feuding with eachother for so long that they don't even have a reason to hate eachother. I think Shakespeare chose to tell us what happened so that when we watched the play, we would be able to understand what was happening and could concentrate more on how the people got where they were rather than trying to figure out what would happen.

4: 2. Setting doesn't just include the location. It also includes the time, the circumstances of the characters, the social structure, and many other other issues. Summarize the setting of this story as outlined by the prologue.

5: The play takes place in a city state, during the Renaissance period. Romeo and Juliet loved eachother, but their families loathed the other. Juliet's family considered themselves very high up in status, so they wanted to marry her to someone in the same or higher ranking. Romeo's family were considered beneath them, and so Juliet was more or less stuck.

6: 3. Choose three words or phrases that you encountered in the prologue that seemed confusing or difficult. Explain what they mean

7: fatal loins - Romeo and Juliets parents strife - a strife is a bitter conflict star-crossed - the were fated to be doomed

8: Act 1; Scene 1 1. What does the fight between the servants tell us about the feud in Romeo and Juliet? The fued brain washed the city right down to the people who had nothing to do with it.

9: 2.. What does it mean to 'take the wall'? It means to walk along the walll and not get into the gutters. 3. What is wrong with 'biting your thumb' at someone? It is equivalent to flipping the bird

10: 4. What kind of character is Benvolio? How is he antithetical to Tybalt? Benvolio is very peaceful person and doesn't want the feud to end, and he is very honest. Tybalt is very violent and is the first to start a fight. 5. What is the punishment for fighting on the streets as decreed by the Prince? How is that ironic? The punishment is if anyone is caught fighting agian they are given the death punishment. Its ironic that inorder to stop people forom killing eachother, he is going to kill them.

11: 6. Why does it bother the Prince so much that there is civil unrest in Verona? He wants peace very badly, and it insults him because they are having these civil brawls (which shows that he is a bad leader

12: 7. What is your first impression of Romeo? Why is he acting the way he is? How does this set up Romeo for the rest of the play? He is a wimp and he is very shallow. He is lovesick with Rosilin, but she chose to be a nun. Because he is so extreme all the time, when he meets Juliet he will probably go fully into that relatioship.

14: Act 1; Scene 2 1. Who is Paris? Is a frend of lord Capulet, and wants to marry his daughter Juliet. He is old and wrinkly, (apparaently) 2. In this scene, what impression do we get of Lord Capulet? How does he feel about Juliet and marriage? He wants them to wait two years, and wants her to marry with love.

15: 3. How much power does Juliet have over her own life? What evidence do we see of this? I think Juliet doesn't have any ppower life because she does what she is expected, (scene three)

16: 4. How does Peter, the Capulet servant, provide comic relief in this scene? Because of his upstrung presonallity, his illiteracy, and that he told a montegue that they should come unless if they were a montegue to the party.

17: 5. Why does Romeo decide to crash the Capulet party? Does Shakespeare provide any foreshadpwing of future events? Because he reads Rosalins name on the party list. We know Romeo is shallow, and cares about looks, and that Juliet is pretty. You get the feeling that they are going to cross into eachothers life paths.

18: Act 1; Scene 3 1. How does Juliet feel about marriage? How does she feel about Paris? Juliet sees it as anhonour she does not dream of, more or less she doesn't want to get married. I think she doesn't like paris because she knows he is older than her, and merely wants her as his bride because of her stature in society and her beauty. 2. Descride the Nurse charcter. The Nurse is a very dirty, old lady. Her head is constantly in the gutter and she compares everything to gross things

20: Act 1; Scene 4 1. What are the boys about to do in this scene? They are crashing a party. 2. .Why does Romeo feel jumpy? He had a bad dream that fore told his death. And in the end it did.

21: 3. Describe the type of person Mercutio is. Use clues from his behaviour andn his speech. He is very long winded, and he may have a crush on Romeo. He can be serious when he wants to be, but generally he is pretty laid back and all for partying.

22: Act 1; Scene 5 1.Why did Shakespeare include the scene with the servants? (2 reasons) They have the scene so the other charcters in the ball scene can get ready. It's also a bit of comic relief. 2.What is ironic about Romeo’s entrance to the party? We expect him to go to Roselinn but instead the moment he see's Juliet, Roselinn is out the window. 3.What happens when Tybalt hears Romeo’s voice? He is instantly he is angry and asks his servant to get him his sword. But then Capulet stops him and tells him to leave because he does not want a fight at his party.

23: 4.How does Romeo convince Juliet to kiss him so quickly? He plays some mind games with her and tries to get her confused. Also, he is into cheesy comparisons (flattery). 5.What foreshadowing do we get at the end of Act 1 scene 5? Tybalt is going to get revenge for the insult of crashing the party. Juliet starts to talking about marrying Romeo right away.

24: Act 2 Scene 1 1.Where do Mercutio and Benvolio believe Romeo is hiding? They believe that Romeo is in the tree's with Roselinn.

25: 2.What is Romeo actually doing? He is hiding in the tree's trying to get another glimpse of Juliet. 3.What things does Romeo compare Juliet to? He compares her to the rising sun, and her eyes like stars.

26: Act2, Scene 2 4.More Irony: why does Shakespeare make Mercutio and Benvolio talk about ‘physical love’ in the scene right before the balcony scene, where Romeo and Juliet talk about emotional love? The scene's show us that Romeo genuinly loves Juliet. Having Mercutio's speech before show's us what Romeo could want, except he is totally disgusted with the idea. That tell's us how totally in it he is, he's not in love with Juliet for her bed, but he is in love with her for marriage.

27: 5.A famous line from this scene is ‘that which we call a rose by any other name would smell as sweet.’ What does this mean? If you had a Rose and called it a Daisy, it's essence would still be a rose. It basically means that no matter what your name is, it doesn't change WHO you are.

28: 6.What does Romeo swear his love by? Why does Juliet not like this? Romeo swears his love by the moon, but Juliet doesn't like that because the moon is inconsistent, thus making Romeo's love inconsistent.

29: 7.Who proposes? What is the plan? Juliet proposes to Romeo, and the plan is that Romeo sleep on the idea and then send the word tomorrow at the hour of nine, whether he still wants to marry.

30: Act 2; Scene 3 1.What does Romeo go do immediately after leaving Juliet? Romeo goes and finds the Friar and asks him to marry them. 2.What does the Friar Lawrence think about Romeo’s sudden change in love interests? He thinks that it’s a good idea because if they get married it might end the family feud. 3.What does Friar Lawrence think of Romeo’s suggestion? Why does he agree to help? Eventually he thinks it’s a good idea because it will end the feud.

32: Act 2; Scene 4 1. What has happened as a result of the party-crashing? Tybalt sends a letter to the Montague household, challenging Romeo to a duel 2. What does Mercutio call Tybalt and why? Mercutio calls Tybalt the Prince of Cats because he is a deadly sword fighter. 3. Why is Mercutio so crude when describing Romeo’s night? Mercutio is jealous of Rosaline being with Romeo, and that love is just a physical thing, that has nothing to do with treating the other with respect. 4. How does Mercutio treat the Nurse? Mercutio is rude to the Nurse because he is a woman hater, and he thinks that the nurse is trying to seduce Romeo.

33: 5. What is interesting about the way the Nurse and Peter speak to one another? The two speak together in full sentences to show how uneducated the Nurse and Peter are. Romeo speaks in Iambic pentameter to show that he is educated. 6. What do the Nurse and Romeo decide to do regarding the marriage? In an hour’s time they are meeting behind the abbey, the nurse will bring Juliet and Romeo will have someone bring a rope so he can spend the night with Juliet. 7. What is the mood of the scene? The mood is overall a very happy one. Romeo is finally having a good time and joking with his friends.

34: Act 2; Scene 5 What happens in this scene? The Nurse comes back from speaking with Romeo. Juliet is very impatient, and is literally begging the Nurse to tell her what Romeo said. Juliet finds out that she is to marry Romeo this afternoon during her confessions. Why does the Nurse torture Juliet the way she does? The Nurse draws out her answer because she likes to be the centre of attention once in while

35: Act 2; Scene 6 Analyze Friar Lawrence’s speech to Romeo – not really a bubbly, pre-wedding type speech, is it? The speech has a lot of foreshadowinf in it. In the beginning of the scene the Friar is like, ' What happens in this scene? The Friar and Romeo are talking togethor before the wedding. The Friar is giving Romeo some advice, like that he should love Juliet slowly. In the end of this scene Juliet arives.

36: Act 3; Scene 1 1. What happens between Tybalt and Mercutio? Tybalt wants to fight Romeo, but Romeo doesn't want to fight. So, Mercutio fights Tybalt instead. Romeo tries to break up the fight, but when he comes inbetween the two, Tybalt kills Mercutio. 2. What does Romeo do in retaliation? Romeo goes against his earlier statement and kills Tybalt in revenge for Mercutio. 3. How have Romeo's own choices led to his downfall? Romeo goes and crashes a party and marries Juliet but because he crashed the party, Tybalt wants to fight Romeo and ends up dyeing. This forces Romeo to leave Verona, or be put to death.

37: 4. What creates a tragic hero? A tragic hero usually destroys their own happiness. They are also generally impulsive, and don’t think too much about the consequence of their actions. 5. What is Romeo's fatal flaw? Romeo’s fatal flow is not thinking things through. He never takes a second to consider the repercussions of his actions, and how they may affect him later on. In all, he is very impulsive. 6. What happens after the fight between Romeo and Tybalt? Benvolio goes and tells Romeo to run away before the Prince can come and put him to death. After the Prince comes, Benvolio tells him how Tybalt killed Mercutio, and then Romeo killed Tybalt. The Prince then decides to banish Romeo instead of put him to death, because Tybalt’s death had been just. 7. How is this, the turning point in the story? This is the turning point in the story because it sets up the second part of the play. If Romeo hadn’t killed Tybalt, then he wouldn’t have been banished. Then Juliet wouldn’t have pretended to kill herself, and Romeo wouldn’t have had to kill himself. Really, all the repercussions from every decision he ever made comes after Romeo now.

38: Act 3; Scene 2 1. What is the confusion in this scene? The Nurse keeps saying ‘he’s dead, he’s dead’ and Juliet thinks the Nurse is talking about Romeo, when it was really Tybalt who died. 2. List four examples of antithesis that Shakespeare uses in this scene. Why does he use antithesis here? Beautiful tyrant, Fiend angelical, damned saint, and honorable villain. She says the mean things because she’s mad at him but she still says the nice things because she still loves him.

39: 3. What does Juliet feel about what Romeo has done? She is mad at Romeo for killing Tybalt, but she was still happy that Romeo killed him instead of Tybalt killing Romeo. Also, Juliet is really mad that Romeo got himself banished from Verona on their wedding night.

40: Act 3; Scene 3 1. What is the relationship between Romeo and Friar Lawrence? Friar is like Romeos best friend yet still the preacher. The Friar wants Romeo to do the right thing, but he also wants to make sure that Romeo is happy. 2. How does Romeo show that is still foolhardy and willing to put emotion before logic? When Romeo finds out that he is banished from Verona he goes and says he will kill himself. He doesn’t even consider what Juliet or Benvolio might feel about his death.

41: 3. What is the Friar’s suggestion to make things right? The Friar tells Romeo to go to Juliet and comfort her, but to remember that he must leave to Mantua before the next morning. 4. How does the scene end? The Nurse goes back to Juliet to tell her that Romeo will be coming tonight. Then the Friar warns Romeo to be careful on how long he stays with Juliet. In the end, Romeo goes to spend his wedding night with Juliet.

42: Act 3; Scene 4 1. What has been decided regarding Juliet’s fate in this scene? Lord Capulet has decided that Juliet will marry Paris on Thursday. Also, Juliet has no say in this arrangement what’s so ever. 2. What was Capulet’s only concern about this? What does this tell us about his relationship with his daughter? Capulet’s only concern was that if he had a party to soon after Tybalt’s death, his family might seem like they never even cared about him. He hasn’t once taken moment to think over whether Juliet wants marriage, let alone marry Paris.

44: Act 3; Scene 5 1. What is the significance about “larks” and “nightingales” in this scene? Larks are known primarily for their singing in the morning while the nightingales only sing at night. This is important because Romeo and Juliet are arguing whether it is morning or night. Juliet wants it to be night while Romeo knows that it is morning and that he has to go. 2. What super obvious foreshadowing does Shakespeare give us as Romeo leaves? When Romeo and Juliet are saying their farewells, Juliet says, ‘O God, I have an ill-divining soul! Methinks I see thee…As one dead at the bottom of a tomb.’ That basically means she thinks the next time she will see Romeo, is dead at the bottom of a tomb. (This is exactly what happens) 3. How does Juliet react to her mother’s announcement? When Juliet hears the announcement she gets very mad, but she isn’t losing her calm as badly as she could.

45: 4. How does Capulet react to Juliet’s acceptance, or lack thereof? What is the ultimatum he gives her? Capulet gets very angry at the world for giving him this ungrateful daughter, and he is happy he doesn’t have more children. He says at first that either she can willingly go to the wedding or he will drag. But, after he gets really angry he says that if she doesn’t marry Paris, Capulet will throw Juliet out into the street and not even care. 5. Quote one of the lines you feel PROVES Capulet is not the best father. “Wife, we scarce thought us blest that God had lent us but this only child; But now I see this one is one too much, and that we have a curse in having her.” (Shakespeare, pg 86)

47: 6. What does Juliet tell the Nurse? Is this truth or a lie? What do you believe she will do? Juliet says to the Nurse that he husband is on earth and her faith in heaven, but she wanted to wants to know how to have faith in people and the world. I think that Juliet genuinely does want to have faith in people again, but her main motivation in life is her love for Romeo. I think that she isn’t actually going to do anything to renew her faith in people; rather I think she will make it worse. Also, Juliet never goes to confession just to confess her sins, she always has underlying reason.

48: Act 4; Scene 1 1. Why is Paris at the church? What does he tell the Friar? Paris is at the church to ask if the Friar would recite the vows of Paris and Juliet’s wedding. The Friar tries to slow the whole thing down, but Paris starts making excuses how Lord Capulet doesn’t want his daughter to mourn so much, so he arranged the wedding to happen so early. 2. How does Juliet use double entendres in this scene? She does the whole double thing when Paris greets her saying that she is his wife. But then she goes and says, ‘that may be, sir, when I may be a wife,’ which literally means, that may be sir, after I am married. (She is married technically to Romeo.)

49: 3. How does Juliet mirror the actions of Romeo, who was in the very same place just the day before? Juliet keeps on saying how everything is over and that there is no reason to live anymore. Also she keeps on trying to kill herself, not thinking about the consequences of what her death might do. The Friar convinces her to put the dagger down and use it later, if there plan does not work. 4. What are some things Juliet would rather do than marry Paris? Juliet would rather jump of tower, or chained to roaring bears. She would even hide in the charnel with old bones than marry Paris. Personally, I think if it really came to these extremes, she would probably have gone and married Paris anyway.

50: 5. Outline Friar Lawrence’s plan in detail, step-by-step. First, she should go home, party, and say yes to Paris about the marriage. Then, tomorrow, she should go to bed early, but make sure that no one stays with her in her room. Then, when Juliet sees it safe, she will take the distilling potion, and feign a look of death for forty-two hours. When Paris comes to get her the next morning, he will see her dead, and instead of a marriage they will have a funeral. Juliet will then be buried in the Capulet crypt, and stay their till she wakes. Meanwhile, the friar will write a letter to Romeo, informing him of the plan, so that he may be at the crypt when Juliet awakens. Then the two lovebirds can live together without a worry about their family’s finding out of their marriage.

52: Act 4; Scene 2 1. Why is the servant man blathering on about cooks who lick their fingers? A good cook will lick his fingers because the food tastes delicious. A bad cook, on the other hand, won’t lick his fingers because they are afraid they might choke on their own food. 2. What is an unexpected result of Juliet telling her father she’ll marry Paris? Lord Capulet decides to move the wedding to Wednesday instead of Thursday. This means Juliet will have to take the potion tonight instead of tomorrow night.

54: Act 4; Scene 3 1. Juliet is unsure of taking the poison for a couple of reasons. Describe them. Juliet’s first fear is that the potion won’t work and she will have to marry Paris tomorrow. Her solution is if the potion doesn’t work, she will just kill herself instead with the dagger. Her second fear is that the potion is really a poison, and the friar means to kill her off so he won’t be dishonored by the second marriage. Juliet’s solution is that the friar is still a holy man, and a holy man does not murder people, no matter the reason. Juliet’s third fear is she might wake up before Romeo comes, and she might die from

55: suffocation in the vault. From here after, she has no solutions to her fears. Her fourth fear is that she might go crazy, and start playing with her ancestors bones. She might dance with the festering body of Tybalt, and eventually kill herself with a leg bone as a club. 2. What thing does she imagine that finally convinces her to drink the potion? She finally imagines Tybalt’s ghost is here to kill her Romeo. Thinking about Romeo, she forgets all her fears and only sees the benefit of the plan, (which is that she may live with Romeo forever, as an unstained wife.)

57: Act 4; Scene 4 1. What is this scene all about? The Scene is about the whole family getting ready or the wedding. It is around 3 in the morning at the beginning of the scene and at the end it is 6 in the morning at the end. Lord Capulet hears Paris coming, and tells the Nurse to go wake up Juliet.

58: Act 4; Scene 5 1. How is Death personified in this scene? Lord Capulet says how Juliet married Death instead of Paris, and that Death is now Capulet’s son in law. 2. Are Juliet’s parents unconcerned by her death, or angry that they don’t get to marry her to Paris? Explain your answer. Juliet’s parents are really moved by her death. Her death opened their eyes to the joy and love they had for their only child. Even so, I do think that Capulet was a little mad that Juliet couldn’t marry Paris.

59: 3. What does the Friar tell the family to stop them from shouting out in grief? The Friar tells the family to stop their weeping, because Juliet never wanted to marry Paris and now she is in heaven. The Friar says that, all they wanted was to have Juliet advance in station, and now that she was higher than the clouds, the family weeps instead are happy for Juliet. 4. What is the reason for having the argument between Peter and the musicians? The whole point of this argument was so that they could move Juliet off the stage, and not have the whole audience almost falling asleep while they moved her.

60: Act 5; Scenes 1 & 2 Let’s take a break from questions! These scenes are fairly easy to understand: Romeo is told the wrong information by Balthazar, and in the next scene, Friar Lawrence learns that Friar John did NOT deliver the oh-so-important letter to Romeo. Confusion abounds, and Romeo swears he will lie dead beside Juliet this very evening. The Friar realizes Romeo will do this very thing, since he knows how impulsive Romeo is, and rushes to the Capulet crypt as fast as he can. Unfortunately, Romeo has quite the head start on him.

62: SYMBOLISM Some very important symbolism in this section has to do with the use and purpose of POISON. In his first appearance, in Act II, scene ii, Friar Lawrence remarks that every plant, herb, and stone has its own special properties, and that nothing exists in nature that cannot be put to both good and bad uses. Thus, poison is not intrinsically evil, but is instead a natural substance made lethal by human hands. Friar Lawrence’s words prove true over the course of the play. The sleeping potion he gives Juliet is concocted to cause the appearance of death, not death itself, but through circumstances beyond the Friar’s control, the potion does bring about a fatal result: Romeo’s suicide. As this example shows, human beings tend to cause death even without intending to. Similarly, Romeo suggests that society is to blame for the apothecary’s criminal selling of poison, because while there are laws prohibiting the apothecary from selling poison, there

63: are no laws that would help the apothecary make money. Poison symbolizes human society’s tendency to poison good things and make them fatal

64: Act 5; Scene 3 FIN! The play ‘Romeo and Juliet’ is by William Shakespeare, and is known as a tragic love story. In the city of Verona, the two most powerful families, (Montague and Capulet) are in a bloody feud. Their children, Romeo and Juliet, fall in love when they meet at a Capulet Party. They secretly marry, hoping that the marriage will end the feud. But then Romeo kills Tybalt and is banished, while Juliet is forced to marry Paris. The Friar and Juliet come up with a plan, but Romeo wasn’t informed. The feud ends, when the joys of the two families’ kill themselves because of their love. My Two favourite things of the play are the Nurse and the Friar. I like the Nurse a lot because she is just so crude and keeps the play funny, even when it’s in a somber part. I also like the Friar because he tries to do the right thing, and he just loves both Romeo and Juliet, and tries to do his best by them. The two worst things about the play are probably Mercutio dying and

65: Romeo being such a wimp. First of all, I think Mercutio was the most interesting character in the play besides the Nurse and the Friar. Second, why the killed him off is beyond me. He was just the dirtiest guy in the play, and he was always Romeos friend. I also think that Romeo might have been a more likeable character, IF he wasn’t always crying or mooning over someone. Juliet had more strength then Romeo, and he was supposed to be the man in the marriage. On a scale of 1 to 5, I would probably rate this play as a 4. I chose 4 because even though they have some wimpy characters and the ending is tragic, the play never gets boring. There is always someone making a dirty comment or making an obvious remark, that just makes you start laughing your head off. I would recommend people in junior high or older to read this play, because even though it is interesting, you still need a little maturity to understand the double meanings in the play.

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