FC: The Rwanda Genocide. | By: Rodny, Jessica, Susan Ms. Fischer's Social 20-1, period2.
2: The Rwandan genocide took place in the Great Lakes Region of east-central Africa. | WHERE
3: Rwanda supports the densest population (nearly 10million people) in continental Africa, most of whom engaged in subsistence agriculture. Meaning, most people living in Rwanda were farmers. They could only grow enough crops for their families to eat.
4: Rwanda was divided into two races based on physical characteristics. Tutsis were tall, thin and more 'European' in their appearance. The Hutus were shorter, and stockier. Colonizers recognized these groups as two different races. | WHO
5: The death of President Juvénal Habyarimana triggered the mass killings. The genocide began on April 7th of 1994, and lasted approximately 100 days. | WHAT/WHEN
6: - Radio broadcasts encouraged the Hutus to kill Tutsis. - The killings were organized, by the time the genocide started the Militia covered around 300,000 people. | - one militia was assigned for every 10 families. - some members were able to obtain AK-47 assault rifles while others used grenades. - Interahamwe and Impuzamugambi members carried Machetes. | WHAT
7: The Hutus cut off the supplies for the Tutsis and only provided food for themselves. They believed they were superior to the Tutsis, this caused tribal hatred. | WHY
8: 1993/1994 – President Habyarimana delays implementation of power sharing; training of interahamwe increases. The extremist Hutu radio station, – Radio Mille Collines – starts broadcasting calls to attack Tutsis. April 6th; President Habyarimana’s aeroplane is shot down. He and the President of neighbouring Burundi are killed. The blame is placed on the Tutsis. Massacres of Tutsis begin. April 7th; the Interahamwe set up roadblocks. They round up thousands of Tutsis and moderate Hutu politicians, including women and children; most are massacred using pangas. U.N. forces are forbidden to intervene, being only allowed to ‘monitor’ the situation. April 21st; the UN reduces its forces in the country from 2,500 to 250. | April 30th – the situation is debated in the United Nations Security Council. They refuse to declare it a ‘genocide’, which would mean they would be forced to intervene. May 17th; the U.N. agrees to send 6,800 troops and policemen, mostly African, to Rwanda with powers to defend civilians, although this is delayed because of arguments over who will pay the bill and provide the equipment. A Security Council resolution says “acts of genocide may have been committed.” July 17th; the RPF invasion troops reach the capital, Kigali. The massacres finally stop. | TIMELINE
9: January 11th, 1994: Major General Romeo Dallaire, UN Commander, sent a cable to the UN headquarters in New York to warn them about the mass killings that were planned. | April 28th, 1994: a reporter asked US State Government spokesperson, Christine Shelly if what was happening in Rwanda a genocide. She replied and said she did not consider it as one. This upset many people. | HOW
10: References: The Rwanda Genocide. By: Christina Fisanick Longman, Timothy. "Rwanda." World Book Student. World Book, 2009. Web. 25 Nov. 2009. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rwanda_genocide http://www.hmd.org.uk/resources/education/rwandan-timeline
11: Thanks for watching! Hope you enjoyed the presentation. (: