S: The Booming 1920s
BC: Sources | http://www.ncmuseumofhistory.org http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com http://www.lotsofessays.com http://learningenglish.voanews.com http://answers.yahoo.com http://benluke1920.weebly.com http://alliance.ed.uiuc.edu http://en.wikipedia.org http://www2.potsdam.edu http://enotes.com
FC: The Booming '20s
1: How is pop culture of the 1920s different than today.? Pop culture today is more about music, popularity, and monetary gain. | How is popular culture in the '20s different than the previous decade.? Pop culture in 1910 was talking about World War 1 mainly. The '20s is about dancing, nightclubs, and automobiles. | The automobile changed life in the '20s by allowing teenagers to be able to go on dates without the advisory of their parents. They were given the opportunity for free space. The automobile lead to drive-in movies. | The radio and movies gave people the freedom of choosing what to entertain themselves with. | How did the airplane change society in the '20s? And what impact did Lindbergh's flight across the Atlantic have on society? Many Americans thought it was too dangerous to travel by airplane. | How did advertising change how things were sold in the 1920s? Instead of just hearing about a product making it seem boring, they could now see the product and be persuaded that they needed and wanted the product advertised. | Why were the 1920s known as the Golden Age of Sports? The '20s are known as the Golden Age of Sports because most people had a large amount of free time thanks to the automobile and sporting events is where they would go.
2: How do attitudes towards immigrants, blacks and other minorities reflect the intolerance of the decade? How does the nostalgia and attitudes from the 1920s conflict with modern attitudes toward immigrants and minorities? | What caused Immigration restrictions? Restrictions were put into place to favor certain immigrants and keep certain immigrants out. immigrants from western Europe were favored while the Asian were completely cut off. Nativism was very strong in the 1920's after the war in Europe ended Europeans wanted to come to America to escape and Americans wanted to be isolated. | What was the Sacco and Vanzetti Trial? Why was this an example of suspicion and intolerance? (1921) Sacco and Vanzetti were accused of stealing two payroll boxes and murdering the paymaster at Slater and Morrill Shoe Factory in M.A. The trial was May 31st 1921 and it lasted for seven weeks. On July 14th they were found guilty and executed. The were dedicated anarchists. These ideas were unaccepted in society. This made them pay for their crime. | Scopes Trial: John Scopes (science teacher) broke the Butler act of TN. He taught evolution to his students when it wasn't allowed in any state funded school. He was found guilty but let off due to a technicality. People thought evolution was consistent with religion so the teaching of evolution grew bigger.
3: What was the Red Scare? The Red Scare brought fear of communism from immigrants to the United States in 1919 to 1920. A small communist party was formed and small strikes often broke out. Many innocent people were jailed for saying their opinions out loud. | What was the KKK? What did the Ku Klux Klan stand for? How did they show the intolerance of the decade? The KKK (AKA the Ku Klux Klan) is a white supremacist group who fought to preserve Americanism. They targeted immigrants of every race after the end of the war but mostly went after African Americans - The KKK would torture and kill African American families. | What were the Palmer Raids? The Palmer Raids were a series of Raids led by General Mitchell Palmer who raided homes, restaurants, and pool halls across thirty three American cities from 1919 to 1920. He arrested over 4,000 people who he believed to be "communists". He looked at it as "fighting the Red Menace." | Intolerance and Suspicion
4: Would you consider the government's passage of the 18th Amendment an overreaction to the problem of alcohol? How do the actions of gangsters/bootleggers support the position "that the government and temperance leaders had gone too far"? Yes, I do think it was an overreaction, the government could have set rules and such to limit drinking. The actions of gangsters/bootleggers supported the position the the government had gone to far with providing crime and selling illegal alcohol to persons of the public. | Prohibition and Crime | Why do the 1920s have such a big reputation for gangsters and crime? Is it deserved? There was a large amount of bootlegging and and back robbing. Al Capone, Bonnie and Clyde, John Dillinger all spent time behind bars for their crimes but still had ways to carry them out. After Capone and Dillinger would rob banks they would flee to northern Wisconsin to say havens. It is deserved as a reputation because crime and back robbing was notorious in the 1920's. Alcohol selling was prohibited so people wanted bootlegging.
5: How did the government deal with violations of the Volstead Act? The government arrested people, about 4,000, indicted about 500, and there were only 6 convictions, none which were jailed. | How effective was the 18th Amendment? The 18th Amendment would not allow brewers, distillers, wholesalers, or retailers. to sell intoxicating alcohol beverages in the U.S. You could still have it for formal use like at home or be physicians prescription. People certified themselves as ministers to get alcohol. Stiles were sold making alcohol People also bootlegged and if they were caught they were arrested but hard to convict. The 18th Amendment was not very effective.
6: How does the Flapper represent the "new women"? Were the '20s successful for the women's movement? How has the role of women today changed since the 1920s? The flapper was the new woman. Women did things in the '20s they wouldn't dare risk doing in the previous decade. Yes the '20s were successful for the women's movement, women were able to obtain jobs, and most importantly they were able to vote. The role of women today has definitely changed. Women are just as men. Women can do as they please. Women have high-paying jobs, which never would have happened in the '20s and, women have made huge accomplishments. | Women
7: How did the flappers change the view of women in the 1920s? Women in the 1920s were drinking, smoking, dancing, and voting. Flappers were women who took risks, did things men did, in the previous generation, women would have been jailed. | What gains did the Women's Movement make during the 1920s? Education, professional, legal, and voting rights were accomplished by women in that age. Looks were also changed by women. The way they dressed, the way they put on make-up, the way they moved; all was different, these women? known as flappers. | How was life different for women in the 1920s compared to the modern era? Women in the '20s would dress in clothing that was considered "out there", women were given more opportunities (jobs), and women could run for president. Back then, that was new, and a woman having a job or running for president was like a slave-owner telling all of his slaves they were free. Now, when a woman has a job, or is running for president or dressing "out there" it's completely normal. Just goes to show how much a country can change in a couple hundred years.
8: What contributions did African Americans make in the fields of music, literature, and the arts? African Americans gave jazz, poetry, and many many paintings. | Despite overt racism, how did Negro's improve life in the '20s for themselves? How has Negro life improved since the '20s? Most blacks moved North, they figured any life is better than a southern life, they soon discovered the Ku Klux Klan and life there was harder. Jobs were hard to find and housing was poor, but still, they'd rather live up North, than in the horrible south. Negro's lives have improved since the 1920s by providing literature, music and art to the white people. | How did mass media, the birth and evolution of jazz, and the Harlem Renaissance create a new blend of American culture? The Harlem Renaissance itself was culture based. It was expressed very clearly through art, dance, music, theater, literature, poetry, history, and politics. The mainstream culture was African American paintings, jazz and writings. This was known as the New Negro Movement.
9: Harlem Renaissance | What developments during World War 1 helped give rise to the Harlem Renaissance? Black Southerners had been moving up North to the industrial cities. | How was racial consciousness and racial pride affected by the Harlem Renaissance? More people appreciated the African Americans because of their contributions to art, dance, music, theater, literature, history, and politics. | How did Marcus Garvey's UNIA show an emergence of blacks asserting themselves? It showed blacks can stand up for themselves, they are people too. They are citizens.