FC: WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE By:Harrison Steins
2: DEPARTED | AUSTRALIA | 2 FEB 2012 | Italian Renaissance VS. English Renaissance | The Italian and the English Renaissance were the same and very different in many ways. For one they both extremely valued the arts and literature, this was because the society had gone to more of an "in the moment society" and less of a religious one, where now they now valued art that was not just of religious monuments. Italy emphasized actual art such as paintings while England preferred literature, this was because the queen was very into plays and books. In England, the queen kept the religion as protestant rather than catholic, which was the religion of Italy. Both places had moved away from extreme religion and the church had lessened their grip on the people. Both societies of England and Italy had started to use humanism, which is the celebration of the human. This led to more human displays in art and more expression of humans as they were and not of the "perfect" being or of the church figures (Jesus, angels). Both cultures had many thing similar but many that individualized them
3: Essential Question: How does the renaissance influence literature and history? The renaissance is all about stressing the humanity part of life. Both the Italian and English renaissance changed from being a society where they were all about their religion and going to Heaven and pleasing God to a society where they praised the human. They praised the human for everything that it had to offer even all of the flaws that they had. This idea influenced their art greatly. Artists such as Michaelangelo and DaVinci started using the ideas of humanism to create art such a the Mona Lisa or The Thinker or the painting on the roof of the Sistine Chapel. The art started not to cover up the flaws of humans but also not to eventuate them. This art also didn't focus exclusively on religious figures. The history was influenced greatly, writers started to make plays and they would use different dialects. The power of the church had shifted and now in England there were many disputes when people came into power over the national religion. People started to practice either Catholicism or Protestant in secret depending on the time. This helped to keep both religions alive and have the people be ready for the next switch.
4: William Shakespeare My Life | I was born in Stratford Upon Avon, England Where I was baptized on April 26th, 1564 in the Stratford Baptist Church. I was the third child out of eight born to my parents Mary and John. My father was a glover and then a member of the Civic Order so I was well off as a child. For the beginning of my life we lived on a farm, but then we moved to a grand home in the city where I lived for a while, while my father was a member of the Civic Order. This allowed me to go to school up until I was 13 years old. There I studied art, literature and culture. I was taken out of school which caused my need to be educated and to help others become educated as well. I went on and married a girl named Anne Hathaway and we had three kids. Their names were Judith, Susana and Hamnet. Unfortunately Hamnet died early on at the age of eleven because of disease There was also a rumor that I was in love with someone else but Anne became pregnant so I had wed her.
5: This was Shakespeare's house in Stratford Upon Avon | The window from the church William was baptized in.
6: William Shakespeare My Career I was known for being a play write, a poet, a shareholder, and an actor. I soon moved from Avon upon Staffordshire to London to pursue more career opportunities. I was a part of the Lord Chamberlains Men acting guild. After that I started writing plays and had much success. I wrote plays such as Henry IV, All's Well That Ends Well, and Romeo and Juliette. These plays were part of the three genres of history, comedy and tragedy. Many of my plays were extremely well known and even the queen would come and watch productions that I had written. Some of the lines in these plays were extremely well known, and were quoted all the time. Such as " To be or not to be; that is the question." from Hamlet. And "Where art thou Romeo." from Romeo and Juliette. In total I wrote 37 different plays, many of which were hugely successful. In addition to writing plays I also wrote poems. Even though the poems were not as famous as the plays they were still very well known.
7: The queen was a major patron of the arts, she actually had built the first custom theater that I went to, to write plays in. I went there and helped to spread art and literature through out society. I felt like I needed my own show, so I co-opened a theater outside London (because theaters were banned in London at the time) with my good mate Cutbery Burbage. The theater was The Globe and was opened in the summer of 1598. Unfortunately disease spread and forced all theaters to close for two years. Also all of the actors in my troop and in my theater were men because it was unorthodox for women to play these rolls. | The Globe theater
8: The Language Of My Time Unlike how people from my time spoke, I wrote in old English. Which changed words around, for example it changed cousin to cuz and open to ope and always to a'. I made my Language this way so that people wouldn't get bored or become uninterested in my plays while they were standing there for hours on end. The language also gave it more of a romantic feel and people didn't use this language very much so it seemed more exotic and thus more interesting, adding to the magical effects my plays inflicted upon the audience.
9: Citations: http://aladlib.wordpress.com/2011/12/14/renaissance-comes-to-canberra/ http://www.willowcabin.com/sources.htm http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-italian-renaissance-art.htm http://www.myenglandtravel.com/stratford.html Diana. "The Enigmatic Bard: Bill Bryson's Shakespeare." Online Image. 3-19-12. The Order Of The Day. 4-21-12