S: River Valley civilizations By: Sharon Nelson
BC: The author of this book is Sharon Nelson. The name of the book is River Valley Civilizations.
FC: River Valley Civilizations | Mesopotamia | Egypt | Indus | China | Sharon Nelson
1: Table of contents | 1 | Mesopotamia Egypt Indus China | 2 4 6 8
2: Mesopotamia | Mesopotamia is located between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. | It's located in present-day Egypt. | Most people in Mesopotamia are polytheistic. | 2 | "Land between two rivers"
3: Religion controls the government. | Sumer created the sixty-second unit. | Hammurabi's code was 282 laws. | The people are polytheistic (the belief of many gods). | They had three levels of society: 1. Priests, soldiers, government officials. 2. Merchants, teachers, and farmers. 3.Slaves were at the bottom. | 3
4: The Nile River flows north. | Pharaohs ruled as kings. | They had slaves, which were at the bottom of the social classes. | They mummified the pharaohs for the afterlife. | They preserved pharaohs and put them in pyramids (tombs). | The Sun God was the most important. | They were united in 3000 BC. | 4
5: Egypt | Hot, dry climate. | Hieroglyphics were their form of writing. | They're polytheistic. | 5
6: Indus | Indus | The Indus River flows through modern-day Pakistan. | Indus is also called Harappan. | The first city to develop was called Harappa. | Indus lasted from 3300 B.C. to about 1700 B.C. | They mostly relied on farming to support themselves. | The main religions were Hinduism and Buddhism. | 6
7: Social Classes: 1. Gods and Goddesses. 2. Priests and scholars. 3.The Rajas and their noblemen. 4. Merchants, farmers, land owners, and craftsmen. 5. Servants, workers, and wage earners. | They traded by boat. | The two main cities in Indus were Harappa and Mohenjo-daro. | Priests cleansed their souls in what they called The Great Bath. | 7
8: China has a monarchy government. | China was headed by an emperor and a royal family. | The compass, gunpowder, and cast iron were all made in China. | The Yellow River flows through nine provinces of China. | The Yellow River is also known as "the cradle of Chinese civilizations". | China's main religion is Buddhism. | 8
9: C h i n a | They used writing called calligraphy. | Social Classes: 1. Rulers. 2. Nobles. 3. Farmers. 4. Craftspeople. 5. Traders. 6. Slaves. | Qin Shi Huang was the first emperor. | The Great Wall of China was built between 220 and 206 B.C. | 9