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Social Studies ABC Book

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Social Studies ABC Book - Page Text Content

BC: Z | Salzburgurs | The Georgia Salzburgers, a group of German colonists, came to Georgia to flee persecution for being Protestant. They arrived in 1734 and settled in Ebenezer. The new town was a bust; many of the people died and they needed to move to a new settlement pronto! They got permission to live where what they named New Ebenezer which did not turn out like the last town. The Salzburgurs were the firsts in Georgia to have an orphanage, saw mill, Sunday school, and church of any domination. | | SS8H2b Unit 2

FC: Georgia Studies Standards Book

1: A | Atlanta Race Riot | The Atlanta Race Riot started with false accusations made by a local newspaper against some African American men that were said to have assaulted white women. The white men of the city were enraged and went to the part of town where the African American lived. They began beating all the black people (including women and children) in sight and killed about 20. The riot lasted for two days and the mayor had to put the city under martial law to get it under control. | | SS8H7a Unit 6

2: B | Blue Ridge | The Blue Ridge Region in Georgia is located in the north-east corner of the state. The temperature there is moderate, but its a little colder in the winter compared to the rest of the state.It is home to the highest point in Georgia, Brasstown Bald which is 4,783 feet above sea level. Amicalola Falls is also located in the Blue Ridge and is the tallest waterfall east of the Mississippi. | | SSG1b Unit 1

3: C | Georgia's Constitution of 1777 | Georgia's first constitutional was started in April 1776 by the Georgia Trustees in response to a series of meetings held throughout Georgia. This document helped them transition from being a colony to a state. Soon after Georgia started being independent by accepting the Declaration of Independence, its first constitutional convention was organized. Completed in February 1777, the constitution remained in effect for twelve years. | | SS8H3a Unit 3

4: D | The Dred Scott Case | | The Dred Scott Case was when a former slave traveled with his owner to free states. He argued that since he was in a free state, he could be a free man. The jury ruled in the end that a slave could not sue, coukd not be freed by a move, and congress couldn't ban slavery because of the peoples' right to their property. | SS8H6a Unit 5

5: E | Emancipation Proclamation | The Emancipation Proclamation was an order given by Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863 by Abraham Lincoln to free the slaves. The slaves weren't freed immediately; Only about 50,000 of the 4 million slaves were set free in the first place. The border states still allowed slavery because Lincoln didn't want them seceding, and the southern states did not have to free their slaves in places that were not under Union control. When the war ended, the document freed every slave in the United states. | | SS8H6b Unit 5

6: F | Fall Line | The Fall Line is the imaginary line that runs across Georgia northeast from Columbus to Augusta. It forms the border between the Piedmont region and the Coastal Plains region. The Fall Line gets its name from all of the waterfalls along it. These Falls are used by businesses to harness energy to make power. | | SS8G1c Unit 1

7: G | Gold | Gold was one of the many and most popular reasons why explorers came to the New World. At the time of exploration, gold was worth a lot. Making countries richer was the main reason for all of the expeditions to the Americas, other than curiosity. Not much gold was found in the New World though, and the Spanish got upset by that. | | SS8H1b Unit 2

8: H | Nancy Hart | Nancy Hart was a housewife who had to house Redcoats during the American Revolution. The Tories tried to force her and her daughter to give them food but she ended up killing one and capturing the other six. Hart was a true heroine and has a county in Georgia, Hart County, named after her. | | SS8H3 Unit3

9: I | Indian Removal Act | The Indian Removal Act was signed by President Jackson in 1830. This act was very controversial and only passed by 14 votes in Congress. Jackson had previously been friends with Indians but knew that the citizens wanted them out of the southern states. He made all Native Americans move to western territories so their land could be available for white settlers. | | SS8H5d Unit 4

10: J | Andrew Jackson | | Andrew Jackson was the seventh president of the USA. He was from Tennessee and his vice president was John C. Calhoun. He signed the Indian removal act during his presidency to force the Indians off their land. At first, he was friends with the Indians, but he signed the bill so people wouldn't hate him and because they wanted to move onto the land. | SS8H5d Unit 4

11: K | Ku Klux Klan | | The original Ku Klux Klan was first established in Pulaski, Tennessee after the end of the Civil War. They tried to keep the freed slaves from exercising their new rights. They are a terrorist group who burned down homes and lynched innocent people just because of their race. | SS8H7b Unit 6

12: L | Leo Frank Case | The Leo Frank Case was all started when a dead body of a little girl named Mary Phagan was found in the basement of the National Pencil Company. At first, the murder was blamed on Leo Frank, the manager. He was sentenced to death but the governor changed it to life in prison to help his attorneys prove him guilty. A group of men called the Nights of Mary Phagan(renamed later the Ku Klux Klan) kidnapped Frank and lynched him. 86 years later, an old man about to die confessed to have seen the Negro janitor, Jim Connely, strangle and beat Mary to death. Leo Frank was pardoned for her murder when that new information came to the government's knowledge. | | SS8H7a Unit 6

13: M | Mississippians | The Mississippians were around in 800 CE to 1500 CE. They were the most technologically advanced Native Americans. They built mound-shaped homes out of timber, pottery, and practiced a chiefdom society. They also had palisades and constructed mounds underneath the earth. | | SS8H1a Unit 2

14: N | Nullification | Nullification is the idea that whenever the federal government passed a law, every state could decide whether they wanted to follow it or not. I basically put the federal and state governments against each other, especially in the south.The crisis came about in 1830s, when Andrew Jackson was the President of the USA. South Carolina was one of the states in the south that was in favor of it because they thought the federal government was biased towards the northern states. | | SS8H6a Unit 5

15: O | Okefenokee Swamp | | The Okefenokee Swamp is located in the southeast corner of Georgia and spills into the top of Florida. The name "Okefenokee" originated from the Creek people and means land of the trembling earth. It has shallow salt water and is apart of the Seven Natural Wonders of Georgia. | SSg1b Unit 1

16: P | Piedmont | The Piedmont region of Georgia is the most populated in the state. It is home to Atlanta, the state capitol, and Forsyth County. The piedmont has a lot of rolling hills. Piedmont means "foot of the mountain." It has forests, lakes and rivers and is home to Stone Mountain. The bottom border of the piedmont is the Fall Line. This Georgia region is not good for farming; All of the nutrients were used up by the 1930's. Today, we are left with plenty of red clay in our soil. | | SS8G1b Unit 1

17: Q | Sequoyah | Born in 1770, Sequoyah was a Cherokee disabled from a birth deformity. He first married Sally Waters, who he had four children with and also Utiyu, who he had three children with. Around 1809, he began to create a system of writing for his native people. After much convincing, the syllabary became officially adopted by the Cherokee Nation. | | SS8h5b Unit 4

18: R | Reconstruction | The Reconstruction Era of the South lasted from1863 to 1877. The main idea of it was to bring the South back to normal, without slavery. There were three stages in the South's reconstruction: the Presidential Phase, the Congressional Phase, and the Military Phase. The 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments were created to help former slaves become part of society. The Freedman's Bureau was also created to help the poor blacks and whites to find jobs, money, school, and the like. |'s_bureau.jpg/250px-Freedman's_bureau.jpg | SS8H6c Unit 5

19: S | Savannah | People from Brittan first started arriving to Savannah in 1733 when James Oglethorpe landed on a bluff accompanied by 120 other colonists. The native Yamacraw tribe became friends with James and the settlers and gave them permission to live on the bluff. There was a list of things that Oglethorpe wouldn't allow in the colony like rum, lawyers, Negroes, or catholics because he wanted it to be the perfect settlement. Savannah is known as the first planned city in America. 22 of the 24 squares first design ion the city are still standing today. | | SS8H2a Unit 2

20: T | Tenant Farming | SS8H6c Unit 6 | | Tenant farming was a method poor farmer started using after the Civil War as a part of Reconstruction. The farmers weren't as poor as sharecroppers because they could afford their own tools and seeds. They only received so little money after a hard days work because most of it went to the landowner.

21: U | University of Georgia | When the University of Georgia was created by the General Assembly on January 27, 1785, Georgia became the first state to have a state supported university. It officially opened in 1801. The only students that were allowed to enroll there were white males in the beginning. | | SS8H5a Unit 4

22: V | Virginia Plan | | The Virgina Plan was created by James Madison. His new plan to change the Articles of Confederation did away with the articles completely and had a government with all tree branches that could collect taxes, make laws, and enforce laws with court. It would have two houses- House of Representatives and Senate.Georgia supported the Virginia Plan. | SS8H4B Unit 3

23: W | Tom Watson | Tom Watson was Georgian Populist who supported poor farmers. He was the first politician to be concerned African American farmers. Elected into Congress as a democrat, he later changed to populist a year later. Watson is most notable for the Rural Free Delivery Bill(1892) which allowed the homes in the rural areas to get their mail without pay. Unfortunately, he was not popular in his home state. When Watson ran for reelection, he lost in an ugly and crooked election. He then tried again and ran for congress and president as a populist, but again, lost. After Tom Watson was rejected from what he was running for, he returned to the democratic party and changed his views on minority rights. | | SS8H7a Unit 6

24: X | International Cotton Exposition | The International Cotton Exposition's purpose was to show off the south's recovery after the Civil War. They tried to lure northern investors to come and see all the new stuff they had to showcase. The visitors saw new machinery and learned how cotton was made into marketable products. |

25: Y | Yazoo Land Fraud | Georgia's borders were previously set at the Mississippi and Yazoo River, which includes todays states of Mississippi and Alabama. Spain and South Carolina both claimed ownership of that land and they went to GA court. While all this commotion was happening, land companies bribed the Georgia government and general assembly with money to pass a law that let them buy the territory that wasn't rightfully the governments to sell. They bought all 50,000,000 acres and the public was angry. All of the lawmakers who passes the law were voted out of office the next election. The federal government spent around four million dollars settling claims and Georgia's border was reset at the Chattahoochie River. | | SS8H5b Unit 4

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