S: CASSIDY DONOHUE
FC: Spirit of the Renaissance and the World of William Shakespeare
1: Essential Question: How does the Renaissance influence literature and history? The Renaissance influences literature and history by the major changes that occurred during this time period. Cities were thriving, there were new authors and artists, and the major changes created a large impact on literature and history.
2: Comparing the Italian Renaissance with Elizabethan England | GEOGRAPHY. Italy was the birthplace of the Renaissance because of their thriving cities, wealthy merchant class, and the heritage of both Greece and Rome combined. Some of the city-states to prosper from the Renaissance are Florence, Naples, Milan, Venice, and Rome. The Elizabethan England, had the English Channel, Wales, and there were many mountains along England. | RELIGION. The role of the Catholic Church changed from the Middle Ages to the Renaissance. People started to question the church, although the Catholics were taught to await the rewards in heaven and to keep their faith. Elizabethan England no longer answered to the Pope in ROme. They believed in witches and witchcraft, and had various superstitions, including the belief that sneezing allows the devil into your body, and stirring a pot counter clockwise would bring a person luck. | ACHIEVEMENTS. Some of the renowned Renaissance artists are Michelangelo Buonarroi, Leonardo da Vinci, and Raphael. They are well known for their art and sculptures that they added to the arts. Dante, an Italian author, and Vittoria Collona, who was a female author, both contributed to literature and the arts. In Elizabethan England, they created basic medicines, musical instruments, knights, the manor system, church, sewing, and the people who contributed to art: Michelangelo, Da Vinci, and many others.
3: SOCIETY. Humanism is a Renaissance movement in which thinkers studied classical texts and focused on human potential. Urban life during the Renaissance included joblessness, theater, wealthiness, and good food for the people. In Elizabethan society, women were still inferior to men. There were peasants, merchants, Queens and Kings for the social order. | POLITICS. The role of government changed from the Middle Ages to the Renaissance by changing into a monarchy. There was a centralized government, and there were kings and queens. There was also as monarchy in Elizabethan England, and the queen (Elizabeth) was constantly afraid of catholic plots against them. | ECONOMY. The Commercial Revolution was the expansion of trade and business. The connection between the Crusades, the Commercial Revolution and the Renaissance is that they all enhanced the culture of their time period. The population of Elizabethan England grew 400%, but the treasury had little to no money when Queen Elizabeth took the throne.
4: William Shakespeare: His Life | William Shakespeare was born on April 23rd-26th, 1564. It is speculated that he died on the same day as his birthday, but that is just an educated guess. He died on April 25th, 1616. He lived in Stratford upon Avon for part of his life, and London for most of it. Will had seven brothers and sisters, and he was the third oldest out of all of them. His mother's name was Mary Arden, and she inherited her father's land when he died. His father's name was John Shakespeare, who had many different professions. He was a glove maker, an ale taster, and a bailiff. He also sold wool without a license and lent money to people, two things that were both against the law.
5: Will attended school for about seven years (age 7-14). He studied other authors of the time before him, including Ovid, Plautus, Horace, Virgil, Cicero and Seneca. William's children's names were Susanna, Hamlet (Hamnet), and Judith. Hamlet died of the plague at a very young age, and his wife, Anne Hathaway, died in 1623. There were rumors about William and Anne that he was the father to an illegitimate son.
6: William Shakespeare: His Career | William Shakespeare was known as an actor, playwright, and a theatre administrator. He moved to London in 1592, to pursue the life of an actor. He wrote 37 plays, sonnets, and poems. William wrote all sorts of plays, including histories (King Leer, King John), comedies (Midsummer's Night's Dream, Alls Well That Ends Well), and tragedies (Romeo and Juliet, Antony and Cleopatra). The name of his acting company was Globe Theatre, which was changed to Shakespeare Globe Center. A few famous quotes from his plays are 'To be or not to be, that is the question.' from Hamlet, 'É tu, Brutus?' from Julius Caesar, and 'O Romeo, Romeo, where art thou, Romeo?' from Romeo and Juliet. The plot of Romeo and Juliet was 'borrowed' from The Tragical History of Romeus and Juliet, by Arthur Brooke.
7: Queen Elizabeth was the queen of Elizabethan England, and was succeeded by James I. She ruled from 1533 to 1558. She influenced William by having a large interest in theatre. Shakespeare's fame and success made other writers of the time envious, but he gained their admiration. William co-owned The Globe Theatre with Arend can Buchell. He built the theatre outside London's city limits because it was one of four major theatres in the area. The theatre was very open, it was an octagonal ampitheater, it was three stories high, and it seated 3,000 people. The Globe opened in the summer of 1598. Unfortunately, the theatre burned down in 1613. There were no female actors during this time period, because it was seen to be inappropriate for woman to be actors.
8: The Language of William Shakespeare's Time | Shakespeare wrote in Early Modern English for his work. Depending on the words, people somewhat spoke like they did in his plays. Shakespeare created a lot of his own language, including some phrases we wouldn't have today if he hadn't created them. Art: Are. Coz: Because. Hark you: You're annoying me. Knave: A dishonest man. Stay: A cheque. Thrice: Three.
9: Tis: It is. Ope: Open. O'er: Over. Gi': Give. Ne'er: Never. I': In. E'er: Ever. Oft: Often. A': Prefix- could be of. E'ev: Even.
10: BIBLIOGRAPHY | Images: -http://elizabethan.org/compendium/ -http://wwwitalianrenaisance.blogspot.com/ -http://2.bp.blogspot.com/_vrxFEJlsb-s/TMpFM76KDvI/AAAAAAAAAAo/qNn8JYGihls/s320/vitruvian.gif -http://etc.usf.edu/clipart/1700/1724/shakespeare_3_lg.gif -http://mareseosullivan.files.wordpress.com/2012/01/william-shakespeare.jpg -http://www.alljuliuscaesar.bravehost.com/img/shakespeare.jpg -http://shakespeare.palomar.edu/Editors/images/Valpy-ShVolXV.gif
11: Information: Shakespeare Birthplace Trust Registered Charity Number 209302. "About Shakespeare." Explore Shakespeare. Shakespeare Birthplace Trust Registered Charity Number 209302, 2012. Web. 15 Apr. 2012.