S: STEM Expeditions
FC: Charlie Malone STEM Expeditions Documentary | 2012
1: Charlie Malone STEM Expedition Documentary 2012
2: Table of contents 3 About Me 4 Scientists in the field-Joe Kruezman 5-11 The eruption of Mount Mazama and the formation of Crater Lake 12-71 Digital Photography 72-82 Wildlife tracking
3: My name is Charlie Malone, I am in 10th grade at New Albany High School. I run cross country, and I like to play chess. I like science. Prior to taking this class, I was very interested in science. I had never learned any advance photography before taking this class. I had great experiences in the field, learning geology, taking photographs, and tracking wildlife. I hope to participate in more STEM classes in the future.
4: Scientist in the Field Joe Kruezman Joe Kruezman`s area of expertise is wildlife tracking. He works as a wildlife tracker and EMT for Coyote Trails. In the field, Joe taught me how animal tracks tell a story. You can learn a lot about animal behaviors, diet, and habitats from a track, fur, feathers, bones, and even scat. Joe Kruezman also taught us that you can track wildlife without having to make many disturbances in the wilderness.
6: Geology The plate tectonic setting of the Cascades Mountain range in the northwestern United States is a convergent plate boundary. A convergent plate boundary is when one plate collides with another and the denser plate dives under the less dense plate. This process is called subduction, and it formed the Cascades Mountain range. Subduction results in the formation of volcanoes. Volcanoes in the Cascades include Mount St Helens in Washington and Mount Mazama in Oregon. Mount Mazama is now called Crater Lake. Crater Lake is located in a volcanic depression called a caldera. Before it became Crater Lake, Mount Mazama was a composite volcano. A composite volcano is a volcano that is a very explosive when it erupts. Composite volcanoes are the most explosive volcanoes and commonly occur along convergent plate boundaries. Sometimes when a composite volcano erupts, it can collapse to form a caldera. A caldera is a large volcanic depression. The elevation of Mount Mazama before it erupted was 12,000 feet. It was at one time a massive complex of composite volcanoes stacked one on top of another.
8: Mount Mazama erupted 7,700 years ago. The eruption of Mount Mazama was the largest volcanic eruption in North America in the past million years. It sent a one mile-wide column of ash into the sky. The eruption was 420 times larger than the Mount St Helen`s eruption in 1980. The ash column collapsed to form a pyroclastic flow that spread to the northeast, followed by a series of ash flows traveling in all directions outward from the volcano. Mount Mazama erupted so violently and released so much material that its magma chamber emptied out, the emptied magma chamber makes not support under the volcano leading it to collapse.
9: Crater Lake is classified as dormant, which means there is a potential to erupt in the future. Possible hazards include hydromagmatic eruptions, where magma mixes with water at the bottom of the lake. Another hazard is a pyroclastic surge, which is a mixture of air, volcanic gas, and steam that transports volcanic debris. Eruptions of silicic lava or ash could occur within a few kilometers of the lake. And a less serious hazard is volcanic bombs or blocks. Crater Lake is that it is the seventh deepest lake in the world, and the deepest in the United States. It is the clearest and cleanest freshwater in the world. It has a depth of 1,949 feet. Crater Lake rarely freezes. The lake is very cold with a average temperature on the surface as 55 degrees Fahrenheit, and an average water temperature of 38 degrees Fahrenheit.
11: CRATER LAKE
13: Digital Photography This is a very large mound of igneous rocks. The mound included a variety of different size rocks. The colors of the rocks vary from orange, brown, black, and gray. This photo is compelling to me because of its texture, and shape. It was taken in Crater Lake National Park.
15: This photo interested me because the focal point was the blue water of Crater Lake, which almost looked fake. The blue color results from extreme clarity and depth. Because the water is so blue, the white snow presents a sharp color contrast. On the left, snow is cascading down the caldera and melting into the lake.
17: This photo interested me because the tree branches on the right look like they are pointing to the snow. The snow is the focal point in the picture. I used the rule of thirds and the focal point is only part of the picture.
19: This image caught my eye because It is the devils backbone, magma during the Mount Mazama eruption.
21: This photo is great because it looks directly down in to the canyon. You can see the bottom where there is a river cutting through gray volcanic ash, with green pine trees on either side.
23: This photo is attractive because your eyes are drawn to the mountains because the forest is so dark.
25: This photo is interesting because the focus is straight forward.
27: The focal point is at a great distance in this photo.
29: I like this photo because the subject is the rock, and there is a little lens flare. The back lighting enhanced the photograph, making it look very bright.
31: This is a picture of the same columnar jointing in igneous rock except from a different angle. This time I did front lighting, which bounced off the rock to make it light.
33: This photos' focal point is Wizard Island, which is a cinder cone volcano.
35: This picture features half of Wizard Island and the deep part of Crater Lake.
37: This is a picture of the Devil's Backbone.
39: This is a picture of a tall tree stump with moss growing on it. It is about as tall as a tree.
41: This is a picture of a scenic view from a mountain showing how blue the sky in Oregon is.
43: This is another scenic view.
45: This is interesting because you can see an upside down T shaped-cloud coming in.
47: This photo is interesting because the flower is focused but the surroundings are blurred.
49: This is interesting because this flower is growing in the middle of the desert.
51: This is interesting because the bottom half is hazy and the mountain looks like it's floating.
53: This photo shows middle lighting because the sunlight is shining directly on the rocks. It look likes a river of rocks, with a channel of larger rocks on either side. The channel look blackish, while the middle rocks look bronze.
55: This image is appealing because there are only two eye-catching colors, green and blue. This photos' focal point is the trees, which look like they are pointing towards each other.
57: This photo has a focal point on the right half of the photo, the tall pine trees. This photo applies rule of thirds because the blue sky is the focal point which is the top left.
59: This is interesting because the tree looks like it is split in half.
61: This picture was taken on the rim of the Caldera at Crater Lake.
63: This image is interesting because there is erosion of the fossil fumaroles in the canyon.
65: This is interesting because there are a lot of colorful wildflowers in the middle of the desert.
67: "Fossil Fumaroles of Crater lake National Park" Charlie Malone June 18, 2012
72: Wildlife Tracking Scat can tell us many things about a animal. First, scat can tell us what the animal has been eating based on its' color and texture. Scat can also tell us the approximate age of an animal and its' size. We can use scat to determine how long ago the animal was there. The scat can also help you classify the animal's diet and whether it's a carnivore, herbivore, or omnivore. What the wildlife eat determines it. Like Omnivores eat everything, herbivores eat plants and vegetables, and carnivores eat meat.
73: Charlie Malone June 20, 2012 Soda Mountain Wilderness Footprint Not very visible
74: Charlie Malone June 19, 2012 Soda Mountain Wilderness scat White with a bone in the middle.
75: Charlie Malone June 19, 2012 Soda Mountain Wilderness Forest footprint
76: Charlie Malone June 19, 2012 Soda Mountain Wilderness Grassland Trail
77: Charlie Malone June 19, 2012 Soda Mountain Wilderness Grassland near forest Track
78: Charlie Malone June 25, 2012 New Albany Duck Aviary Vernal pools Killdeer nest
79: Charlie Malone June 25, 2012 New Albany Swickard Woods deep water basins track
80: Charlie Malone June 25, 2012 New Albany Swickard Woods deep water basins footprint
81: Charlie Malone June 25, 2012 New Albany Swickard Woods deep water basins bones
82: Charlie Malone June 25, 2012 New Albany vernal pools wetlands tracks