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S: what is word stress

FC: PORTFOLIO | What is the stress word ? by Badriah Alanazi PHONOLGY CLASS

2: English words can have one or more syllables. Here are some examples.

3: one syllable must can two syllables study exam three syllables diligent analyze four syllables analysis registration five syllables environmental durability six syllables permeability anthropological

4: environment (4) probable(3) secondary(4) church(1) able(2) protect(2) walked(1) coughed(1) subtract(2) probability(5)

5: productive(3) enthusiastic(5) economy(4) interfaces(4) purchased(2)

6: If an English word has more than one syllable, one of the syllables of the word should sound stronger, or stressed. It is said more loudly, on a higher pitch and is slightly lengthened. There may be more than one stressed syllable in a poly-syllabic word such as “environmental”. In most dictionaries, the symbol used to indicate stress is // placed before the stressed syllable, e.g., exam.

7: If a word has more than one stressed syllable, the major one is called primary stress //, and the other secondary stress // e.g., philosophy. These stresses are usually indicated together with the pronunciation symbols /flsf/. Check your dictionary for the system used. The remaining unstressed syllables are pronounced very fast, i.e., with weak vowels.

8: Identifying weak syllables

9: Syllables which are not stressed can be described as weak. They are pronounced very quickly and softly. Learning to pronounce unstressed syllables weakly can be difficult for Cantonese speakers.

10: 1 protect 2 subtract 3 purchase 4 estate 5 analysis 6 horizon 7 equipment 8 insurance 9 exhibit 10 representative

12: SIX BASIC RULES to help you place the tonic accent on multi-syllable words in English. | These rules do not cover all the aspects of word stress in English; but they do cover the large majority of plurisyllabic words in the language.

13: 1) A word is normally stressed on the first syllable, unless there is a reason to put the stress somewhere else. 2) The "reasons" are either suffixes (like -ity or -ion) or prefixes (like con-, dis-, ex- or in-).

14: 3) If the suffix (ending) starts with the letters i or u this will affect the position of stress in a word. Sample suffixes: -ion, -ual, -ial, -ient, -ious, -ior, -ic, -ity, etc. The stress comes on the syllable before the suffix. Examples: Atlantic, comic, sufficient, explanation, residual. There are only a very few exceptions to this rule.

15: 4) Other suffixes do not affect the stress of a word. Sample suffixes: -al, -ous, -ly, -er, -ed, -ist, -ing, -ment Examples: Permanent, permanently, develop, development 5) Prefixes are not normally stressed in two-syllable words, except in some nouns or adjectives. Examples: To ex'pand, to de'fend; but an 'expert, a report. Bisyllabic nouns starting with a prefix need to be learned individually.

16: 6) Rule 3 takes priority over all others, notably when a "rule 3 ending" is followed by a "rule 4 ending", Examples : perpetually, deliciously, conditional, conditioner, illusionist. | This list of rules is not complete, but it does explain where to place the main accent in the majority of words in English.

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