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Texas from A-Z

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FC: The Incredible Texas Journey from Abilene to Zaragorza By: Reese & Molly

1: The Incredible Texas Journey from Abilene to Zaragorza | By:Reese Weatherford and Molly Pitts | Coach Kee Class period 4 9/12/12

2: Table of Contents:

3: Page 1-Abilene Christian University Page 2-Baylor University Page 3-Colorado River Page 4-Davis Mountains Page 5-Balconies Escarpment Page 6-Frio River Page 7-Georgetown Page 8-Huntsville Page 9-Padre Island Page 10-Jasper Page 11-King Ranch Page 12-Lamar University Page 13-Southern Methodist University Page 14-Nueches River Page 15-Odessa Page 16-Edwards Plateu Page 17-Queen Isabel Inn Page 18-Rice University Page 19-Schlitterbahn Page 20-Trinity River Page 21-Utopia Page 22-Becker Vineyards Page 23-Wichita Falls Page 24-X.I.T Historical Museum Page 25-Y.O. Ranch Page 26-Zaragorza Birthplace State Historic Site

4: A | Bilene Christian UNIVERSITY | Located in Abilene, Texas, this University is a private Christian based school. ACU was started in 1906 with 25 students and classes were held in a large house. Today ACU has over 3,500 students on a 280 acre campus.The mascot is "Willie the wildcat" and the school colors are purple and white. Its tuition and fees are $26,770 as of 2012. | UNIVERSITY

5: b | aylor UNIVERSITY | Baylor University is located in Waco, Texas on the Brazos river. This is one of Texas's oldest and biggest colleges. Baylor is a baptist based school, known for their football program and high academic standards. The mascots are American black bears and the school colors are green and gold. BU's tuition is $20,620 as of 2012. | UNIVERSITY

6: C | OLORADO river | The Colorado River is mostly along Austin, Lamesa,Colorado City,Robert Lee,Ballinger, Paint Rock, Marble Falls, Bastrop, Smithville, La Grange, Columbus, Wharton, Bay city and Matargorda. Its in the southwestern area of the United States, Texas, and is in the northwestern area in Mexico. The Colorado River is the Longest River in Texas. Its 1,450 miles long, and the elevation level is 10,184 feet. The Colorado River generally flows southeastward, and the drainage area is 39,000 square miles. | WATER

7: avis Mountains | D | The Davis Mountain Range is a landform that is located in Fort Davis. Some activities in the Davis Mountains include camping, sightseeing, hiking and a couple more activities. In the winter Fort Davis is below freezing, and in the summer it is usually hot and humid. The elevation level is from 5,000 to 6,000 feet.These Mountains where named after Jefferson Davis, and is the most extinsive mountains range in Texas. | LANDFORM

8: E | bALCONES | SCARPMENT | Many years ago, Earth's shifting plates formed the Balcones Escarpment, which is the dividing line between Texas's Coastal Plains and the higher, hilly Edwards Plateau. This valley like landform runs from the Mexican border near Del-Rio, through San Antonio and Austin all the way until Waco. The water within the escarpment tends to be warm and a little bit salty. Back in the old days, this was used as a water source for livestock and cotton field irrigation. | LANDFORM

9: F | rio River | The Frio River is in the Coastal Plains region. It flows southeast of central Uvalde and northern of Mcmullen. The name frio means cold in spanish. This river is 200 miles in length. Its has three primary feeds, the East Frio River, West Frio River and the Dry Frio River. This beautiful water source empties into the Nueces River. | WATER

10: G | eorgetown | Georgetown is a city in Williamson county. Georgetown was incorporated in 1848, and has a population of 49,562 since 2011. The elevation level is 755 feet. This city is usually 73 degrees Fahrenheit and humid. Georgetown is in the central time zone, and is the city of the red poppy flower. | CITY

11: H | untsville | Huntsville is a city in the Coastal Plains, and the county of Walker County. The population is 38,664 as of 2011.The weather is usually around 72 degrees Fahrenheit, and usually humid.The elevation level is 371 feet, and the city is 35,86 square miles. Huntsville is also home to Sam Houston University | CITY

12: I | Padre | sland | RECREATION | Padre Island is a island near Corpus Christi, on the gulf of Mexico. At padre Island there is a lot to do, you can play golf, look for birds, find seashells and a bunch more. The sunset at the island is really pretty, and is a nice place to relax. The coastline is 263.22 miles, the length is 113 miles, and the width is 1.61 miles. In the winter Padre Island is between 50 and 60 degrees Fahrenheit, and in the summer its between 70 and 90 degrees Fahrenheit.

13: J | asper | CITY | Jasper is a city in the Coastal Plains. There are around 8500 people that live in Jasper. Jasper is called the "Jewell of the Forest" , and is in the central time zone. The elevation level is 203 feet, and there is only only .1 square miles of water. In the summer the temperature is usually around 60 to 90 degrees Fahrenheit and in he winter is usually 40 to 60 degrees Fahrenheit.

14: K | ing Ranch | HISTORICAL IMPORTANCE | Located in Kingsville Texas, the King Ranch is one of the world's largest ranches. It is 825,000 acres and was named a national historical landmark in 1961.This ranch was founded in 1853 by Captain Richard King. The King Ranch has their very own breed of cattle called Santa Gertrudis which were America's first breed of beef cattle. The ranch also raises quarter horses and thoroughbreds which are sold for big money at the race tracks and in cutting horse competitions.

15: amar University | L | This is a public college on a 270 acre campus in Beaumont Texas. Lamar University is known for their technology department. There is over 13,000 students who attend this school. The school colors are red and white with a red cardinal as the mascot. The tuitions are $25,491 for undergraduate students and $23,723 for graduates. | UNIVERSITY

16: M | Southern | ethodist | University | UNIVERSITY | Located in Dallas Texas, SMU is a private, methodist university. This college was established in 1911 by Robert Hyer. The school campus is 230 acres with over 12,000 students. Red and navy blue are the university`s colors and the Shetland-Pony is the mascot. SMU`s tuiton is $34,990 for undergraduates and $35,088 for graduates.

17: ueces River | N | WATER | The Nueces River starts in Barksdale Texas and flows 315 miles until it empties into the Gulf of Mexico. Its named nueces because that means nuts in Spanish and the early settlers named it for the many pecan trees which grew alongside the river. This water source is used for recreation and generation for electrical power. The river is very popular for fishing. It holds many species such as bass, sunfish and also alligators.

18: O | dessa | CITY | Odessa is located in Ector county, near the middle of Fort Worth and El Paso. In the summer Odessa is around 90 degrees Fahrenheit, and in the winter its usually between 30 and 50 degrees Fahrenheit. Three major landforms in Odessa are the High Plains, Trans Pecos, and Edwards Plateau.Compared to other major U.S. cities Odessa is keeping a lower then average cost of living. The altitude of Odessa is about 2,851 feet above sea level. The average rainfall is 14.80 inches, and most of it occurs between April and October.

19: Edwards | lateau | P | LANDFORM | Edward Plateau is around central Texas, near 40 different cities.The elevation are from 600 feet above sea level in the eastern canyons to 3,000 feet above sea level in the edges of the central and western regions. The Edwards Plateau is between the dry western plains and the wet prairies and woods to the east. The average rainfall is widely spread from 23 inches per year to 35 inches per year.The Edwards Plateau has mottled yellowish clay, clay loam, and surface soil that which turns into rocky clay or solid limestone rock.

20: Q | ueen Isabel Inn | HISTORICAL INPOTANCE | Queen Isabel Inn was built 1906 as a hotel for Rio Grande Railroad passengers, tourist and lots of fishermen. Hurricanes in 1933 and 1967 damaged major parts of the inn but were fixed immediately. This hotel was the start of the tourism industry in the Port Isabel area. Originally the inn served as a hunting and fishing club at Point Isabel. Today it is one of Port Isabel`s most popular places to stay and a very well known tourist attraction.

21: ice University | R | UNIVERSITY | Located in Houston Texas, Rice is a private research university. It has over 6,000 students on their 295 acre campus. This college was founded by a businessman, William Marsh Rice in 1912. The school's colors are navy blue and gray with an owl as their mascot. Tuition is $37,292 as of 2012. Rice is ranked number 17 for the best colleges in the US.

22: S | chlitterbahn | RECREATION | Located in New Braunfels, South Padre and Galveston, Schlitterbahn is Texas's most popular water-park. Today there are three parks. The New Braunfels one, 65 acres opened in 1979, South Padre one, 26 acres opened in 2001, Galveston one, 26 acres opened in 2006. Four more parks are currently being built. Hundreds of thousands of people crowd this amazing water park each summer. General admission is around $35-$50 per day.

23: rinity River | T | WATER | The Trinity River starts in north Texas around the area of Dallas and Fort Worth.Then the Trinity River flows for about 550 miles until it forks into four rivers. After a while the four river empty into the Gulf of Mexico. General Alonzo de Leon discovered the river in the year 1690. The Trinity River was first named La Santisima de la Trinidad in 1690, which translates to "the Most Holy Trinity."

24: U | topia | CITY | Utopia is located in southwest Texas of the Great Plains Region. The Sabinal River runs through Utopia, many tourists come here to fish, swim, picnic, etc. This city is known for its beautiful hill country, hike and bike trails as well as their famous "Utopia Rodeo and Dance". They also have the Utopia Golf Course, which was the setting for the movie, Seven Days In Utopia. Today the population of Utopia is 241.

25: Becker | ineyards | V | RECREATION | Located in Fredericksburg Texas, this is one of the most popular vineyards in the area. Becker Vineyards make wine, they grow lavender, they host many weddings and also serve as a bed and breakfast. It was established in 1992 by Mr and Mrs Richard Becker. The 46 acres of vineyards had their first harvest in 1995. The 10,040 square foot winery opened in June 1996. Today they are the most successful winery and bed and breakfast in Fredericksburg/Stonewall.

26: W | itchita Falls | LANDFORM | Wichita Falls is in the northern part of Texas, the panhandle plains. In 1882 Fort Worth and Denver's railroads brought the first train to the area. The city is called Wichita Falls because when people first came there they were all living by a waterfalls which is now called the Wichita River.The population recorded in 2011 is 103,931 people, and Wichita Falls nickname is "Falls Town." The land is 70.66 square miles, and the elevation level is 948 feet.

27: .I.T Historical Museum | X | HISTORICAL INPORTANCE | This Historical Museum is located in Darlhart Texas. This Museum holds the history and culture of one of the best-known ranches in the west America.The ranch worked from 1885-1912, and turned into the museum once it stopped working. The displays include a kitchen, a parlor, a bedroom, a chapel,and a bunch of historic photographs. They also have a collection of guns, hats, and cameras. The X.I.T museum have had a rodeo and reunion since 1936, and has a free barbecue dinner

28: Y | .O. Ranch | RECREATION | Y.O. Ranch is located in Mountain Home, near San Antonio. Its a very popular Ranch, and is celebrating their 130th anniversary of opening this year.Charles Schreine bought 69,000 acres of land in 1880 which became Y.O. Ranch. At the ranch there is variety of animals, but longhorns are the most common animals there. 40,000 people come each year to enjoy all of the fun activities at Y.O. Ranch

29: aragoza Birthplace state historic site | Z | HISTORICAL INPORTANCE | The Zaragoza Birthplace state Historic Site is part of Goliad State Park, Near San Antonio and Corpus Cristy. One of the most famous military people in Mexico's history , General Ignacio Zaragoza, was born in the Historic site. In 1862 he leaded an outnumbered and poorly equipped Mexican army and against the French force. The French army marched into Texas to establish aid and a supply line to confederate forces. The Mexicans small army fought back, lost a lot of soldiers and the French ran to the east coast. Zaragoza died of typhoid fever on September 11, 1862.

31: Cites: | www.tshaonline.org www.tpwdstate.tx.us www.usgbc-centraltexas.org www.texasstatehistoricalassociation.com www.voicesofthetexashills.org http://www.lamar.edu/ http://jaspertx.org http://www.odessachamber.com/population.php http://www.wikipedia.org/ http://www.utopiatexas.info/ http://www.beckervineyards.com/ | http://www.traveltex.com/places-to-go/cities/wichita-falls http://www.richardbealblog.com/?p=4250 http://www.traveltex.com/things-to-do/attractions/zaragoza-birthplace-state-historic-site

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