S: The American Revolution
BC: MixBook Lesson Plan The following is a web address to the lesson plan for this project. http://workingwithkids.pbwiki.com/Mixbook-Lesson-Plan
FC: The American Revolution
1: Overview: The American Revolution was a war between the colonists and Great Britain. The colonists on the Atlantic seaboard of North America desired independence from Great Britain. This book summarizes the events leading up to the war and what resulted because of it.
2: Taxation Without Representation The English felt that the colonists should pay taxes because the English government was providing services that the colonists would otherwise have had to do without. The Americans felt the taxes were unfair because they were being imposed by a government in which the colonists had no "voice."
3: Stamp Act 1765 The Stamp Act was the first direct tax by the British on the colonies. All newspapers, almanacs, pamphlets, and official documents were required to have stamps. The colonists didn't believe they should have to pay for something they had been doing for free for many years. Seeing the hostile reaction in the colonies, the British government repealed the Stamp Act in 1766.
4: Townsend Act 1767 Charles Townsend, Britain Prime Minister, created laws that placed new taxes on glass, lead, paints, paper, and tea. Charles Townsend wanted to raise money to cover the cost for defending the colonies, and pay salaries of governors and judges in the colonies.
5: The colonists reacted by refusing to buy British goods. The colonists believed they shouldn't be taxed since they had no representation in the British government. Again, Britain was forced to remove the taxes, all except for the tax on tea.
6: Tea Act 1773 The Tea Act allowed the British East India Company to sell tea to the colonies in North America without the usual colonial tax. This made the price of British tea cheaper than the prices of colonial merchants. However, the colonists saw this to be another means of taxation without representation.
7: The Boston Tea Party 1773 A group of colonists disguised themselves as Native Americans and dumped 342 crates of tea from British ships in the Boston harbor.
8: Patriots vs. Loyalists
9: Patriots The colonists who rebelled against British control and "taxation without representation." | Loyalists The colonists who disagreed with the 13 colonies becoming an independent nation.
10: The First Continental Congress A meeting of the American colonists to decide what to do in response to what they saw as a growing problem.
11: Paul Revere The fighting began almost without warning. Paul Revere's famous ride let the American colonists of Lexington and Concord know that the British were coming. The first shots were fired in Lexington on April 19, 1775.
12: The Second Contnental Congress The American colonists met in 1775 when the Revolutionary War had started. The Continental Congress created the Continental Army and named George Washington as commander in chief.
13: The Declaration of Independence The Declaration of Independence was a document declaring the 13 American Colonies independent from Great Britain. It was written by Thomas Jefferson and declared in effect by the Continental Congress on July 4, 1776. Great Britain's response was to continue the war.
14: Things looked very bad for America. British troops were seemingly everywhere. They were winning every battle in sight.
15: The Battle of Saratoga was a turning point for the war. It was supposed to be a great British victory, resulting in the seizure of all of New York. Instead, only one British general showed up at Saratoga. He was forced to surrender almost his entire army. This was a stunning development, and the world took notice. France, always willing to fight against Great Britain, agreed to send money and troops to America.
16: The American army began defeating the British in the southern states. The combined might of America and France was too much. On October 19, 1781, the British surrendered their army to American General George Washington.
17: Treaty of Paris of 1783 The Treaty of Paris of 1783 officially ended the Revolutionary War on September 3, 1783. It was signed in Paris by Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, and John Jay. Under the terms of the treaty, Britain recognized the independent nation of the United States of America.