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The Book of Time

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The Book of Time - Page Text Content

S: The book of time

FC: The book of time | maddie goettsch mark ellis | reedy 2b

1: table of contents | 2...ancient river valley civilizations 4...classical greece and rome 6...post-classical asia and africa 8...post-classical (medieval) europe 10...renaissance and reformation 12...enlightenment and revolutions 14...world war i 16...world war ii 18...cold war 20...back cover

2: A long time ago in B.C.E. times, there were four ancient river valley civilizations. There was the Indus, the Chinese dynasties, Mesopotamia and the Egyptian. The Indus had irrigation, the transportation of water through canals and ditches, and a sewage system, a drainage system for waste. Mesopotamia also had these systems, as well as Hammurabi's code, a harsh set of laws made by Hammurabi, their Babylonian leader. Although isolated, or far away from, the Chinese dynasties discovered the Mandate of Heaven, the idea that rulers are sent from God to be ruler. Egypt had good soil, sturdy architecture, the Pyramids, and a language of symbols, or hieroglyphics. | ancient river valley civilizations | Nile River Valley Pyramids

3: what if people had not learned how to farm? | If people hadn't learned how to farm, they would've had to learn other ways to produce food for the community, otherwise they would've starved. Also, who knows how long it would've taken to stop hunting and gathering, like the people did before they learned to farm. | Nile River farming methods

4: Greece and Rome evolved, or progressed and developed, after the river valley civilizations in Europe. A lot of fighting occurred, or took place, in Greece between the Persians, Spartans and Athenians. The Athenians had a direct democracy, where the people rule directly, and the Spartans had an Oligarchy, where power is in few people's hands. Rome went through many kings, then switched to a Republic, then they had emperors as rulers. Both civilizations farmed, had currency, or money, and had artistic culture. | classical Greece and Rome | Ancient Roman Colosseum

5: what if Athens had not embraced democracy? | Embracing democracy kept the people of Athens in order. Without a stable government, like a democracy, there would have been civil wars and rebellion. With these revolts taking place, Athens would not have been able to progress as much and as fast as it did. | Ancient Athens

6: Asia established, or setup, a successful trade system by making the Silk Road, a system of ancient caravan routes across central Asia. Rapid growth occurred and they advanced from farming and trade. At the same time in Africa, Islam, the religion of Muslims, spread all across the continent and Muslim advisers helped run the kingdom. Africa, like Asia, traded gold and salt and had a decent economy, or wealth of a region. | post-classical Asia and Africa | The Silk Road in Asia

7: what if the Mongols had not opened the Silk Road to safe travels? | If the Mongols would've never opened the Silk Road, Asia's economy would've suffered because they wouldn't have had anything to trade or anyone to trade with since it was so difficult to get to the region. Inevitably, this means that their civilization would've been underdeveloped. | Silk Road trade routes

8: In Medieval Europe, a period in European history, were a total of eight crusades, military expeditions, that rarely achieved anything, but did stimulate trade and influence culture. These crusades were series of Holy Wars started by the Christians of Europe in hopes to rescue the holy place of Mecca, a city in Saudi Arabia. After the crusades, the Black Plague struck Europe in 1351. One fourth of the population died and people thought that God was punishing them, or making them suffer. | post-classical (medieval) Europe | The Medieval crusades

9: what if the Black Plague did not attack western Europe? | If the Black Plague never happened, Europe's population would have been much greater and it still would be today. Also, people might have never began to question the Catholic church and the Reformation may not have ever began. If these major events never happened, Europe and the rest of the world would be less advanced. | The Black Plague

10: After the Black Plague, everyone in Europe began to question, or doubt, their faith, or trust and belief, in the Catholic church, which started the period called the Reformation. It began in 1517, after the Renaissance. The Renaissance was the discovery of classical Greek and Roman knowledge and art as well as culture. There were also many advances and inventions in math and science, like the printing press, a machine for printing text or pictures, by Gutenberg which made ideas able to travel fast and far. | the Renaissance and Reformation | Renaissance art

11: what if Gutenberg hadn't invented the printing press? | If the printing press would have never been invented by Gutenberg, ideas of the Renaissance and Reformation, and eventually the Enlightenment thinkers' ideas, would not have been able to travel. With no spread of ideas, or at least very little spread, the citizens would have been very late in accepting or even hearing about them. | Men looking at the paper, printed from the printing press

12: At the Renaissance's closing in Europe, an age called the Enlightenment began. Enlightenment means the attainment, or achievement, of spiritual knowledge or insight, or understanding, so this period in Europe was a time of growth in industry and production. It was also a time of advances in science, math, anatomy, or the study of the bodily structures of organisms, and astronomy, the study of space. There were many intelligent thinkers from this era that the people supported and followed, although some disagreed with them. Also, this was a time of revolt against the king by the Third Estate. | The Enlightenment and revolutions | Gutenberg's printing press

13: what if the Enlightenment ideas were not embraced by the colonists? | If the Enlightenment ideas were not accepted by the colonists of Europe, the reforms and revolutions would not have happened since there would've been no support of them. Therefore, things might not have changed for Europe or the world. | Essay written by John Locke, an Enlightenment thinker

14: World War I started when the Austrian archduke, or the son of the emperor in Austria, was assassinated, murdered unexpectedly. It was a war between the Allies, Serbia, Russia, France, U.S., Italy and Great Britain, and the Central Powers, Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire. The U.S. joined when our passenger ship, the Lusitania, was blown up and the U.S. said they were joining to fight for democracy to help the Allies after Russia pulled out of the war; this was called the Bolshevik Revolution. | World War I | In the end, Germany surrendered and was forced to agree to the Treaty of Versailles which made them take the blame for the war and they had to pay all the war debts. | Archduke Franz Ferdinand

15: what if the Austrian heir to the throne was not assassinated? | If the Archduke, Franz Ferdinand, wouldn't have been assassinated, World War I would have happened very differently. For example, the war could've been delayed since it wouldn't have his assassination as a trigger anymore, or it could've lasted even longer than it did because there might have been less nationalism. | Assassination of the archduke and his wife

16: The Great Depression, an economic crisis in the 1930's that started when the Stock Market crashed in 1929, was a contributing cause to WWII. World War II was between the Allies, The U.K., France, U.S., China and the Soviet Union and the Axis Powers, Germany, Italy and Japan. Britain and France declared war in 1939 when Germany invaded Poland and Germany went against the Versailles Treaty by launching war on the Jewish community and several other groups. The Japanese aerial attack, or bomb-warfare, on Pearl Harbor in Hawaii led to why the U.S. bombed Japan in retaliation, or return attack. This war was a case of extreme nationalism, or pride in one's country, and fascism. | World War II | Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor

17: what if the U.S. had not dropped the atomic bombs on Japan? | If the United States wouldn't have dropped the Atomic bomb on Japan after their bombing of our Pearl Harbor, Japan would not have surrendered and the war could've gone on for many more years. Also, Germany might have been the first to produce an atomic bomb if we wouldn't have bombed Japan. | U.S.' bombing of Nagasaki, Japan

18: The Cold War was in 1945-1991 between the U.S. and the U.S.S.R. in Russia. The U.S.S.R. supported communism through the Warsaw Pact, a treaty for communist countries that joined them as one force, and the Capitalist, democratic countries like the U.S., France, Britain and West Germany, supported NATO, an organization that wanted to avoid war and communist takeover. The Truman Doctrine, a treaty that promised that the U.S. would support countries that were against communism, was the U.S.' first act of containment, a policy of containing communism so it doesn't "spread." Also, the U.S. aided the Europeans against communism through the Marshall Plan. This war led to no warfare, only disagreement. | the cold war | Symbol for NATO

19: what if the U.S. had not adopted the theory of containment? | If the United States wouldn't have adopted the policy of containment, Soviet influence would have expanded and communism could've grew. Alliances may not have been created and smaller countries that were against communism might not have had any support or aid. | President Truman signing the Marshall Plan, or European Recovery Act

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  • Title: The Book of Time
  • A historical children's book demonstrated through informative pictures and short stories.
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  • Published: over 8 years ago