FC: The Chinese Giant Salamander
1: The Chinese Giant Salamander by: Maggi Whiston September, 09'
3: Get to Know the Chinese Giant Salamander
4: The Chinese Giant Salamander is the largest salamander in the world!!! It can weigh up to 143 pounds. That's 64.4 kilograms! Lengthening at 1.83 meters. That's six feet long! In second behind the Chinese Giant Salamander is the Japanese Giant Salamander.
5: Wondering what the Chinese Giant Salamander looks like? Well, for one thing, their skin is either black, dark brown, or a greenish color with blotches. The skin is also rough and these creatures have no gills. So their skin breathes in the oxygen. Their eyes are small and on top of their flat heads. The Chinese Giant Salamanders’ heads are less rounded than those of the Japanese Giant Salamander. Their two pairs of legs are similar in size.
7: Let's Learn about the Chinese Giant Salamander's Home and Prey!
8: Andrias Davidianus, also known as the Chinese Giant Salamander is commonly found in the mountain streams of China. These animals like cold, fast running mountain lakes and streams and enjoy being near caves underwater. They are also found in the Yellow, Pearl, and Yangtze Rivers about 1,500 meters above sea level.
9: Not only do they like dark caves but they also hunt at night. Chinese Giant Salamanders hunt mostly fish, smaller salamanders, insects, crabs, and frogs. They also eat shrimp, worms, crayfish, and snails. Guess how they catch their prey! They snap sideways with their mouths at the prey! Because their eyes are small on top of their small heads, the Chinese Giant Salamanders have poor vision. They use their other senses to hunt pray and find their way around. Sometimes they can go for weeks without eating. But during the day, the Chinese Giant Salamander can be found hiding under rocks and crevices.
10: They don't have natural predators but because their flesh is a delicacy to the Asians, they are hunted and killed. Also, habitat loss and deforestation has caused many problems, too. The deforestation causes soil to erode and travel making the rivers and lakes flow differently. Thus making the Chinese Giant Salamanders confused and end up in places they should not be. Also, as farmers use pesticides and fertilizers to protect and help grow their plants, the particles are ending up in the lakes and streams. This is causing a health problem with many salamanders.
13: Mating Season
14: When do these salamanders mate? Reproduction appears to take place between late August throughout September. The salamanders go to nest sites and the males are guarding them against intruders.
15: As the salamanders are trying to mate, the males become very vicious resulting in many deaths to the competitors. Female Chinese Salamanders enter the nesting site and are known to lay 400-600 eggs. | After the female lays her eggs, she leaves immediately, but the male stays and fertilizes the eggs. The males guard the eggs until the eggs hatch into larvae about 50-60 days after being hatched.
17: Saving the Chinese Giant Salamander
19: The Chinese Giant Salamander is very close to extinct so many are trying to save them. Now, they are protected from international trade. As their numbers lower, the more endangered they become and this is causing a disruption with the Chinese people. Many people are still trying to help stop pollution, deforestation, etc. Hopefully, the Chinese Giant Salamander will still be around in years ahead.
22: http://www.arkive.org/chinese-giant-salamander/andrias-davidianus/info.html http:// www.earthsendangered.com/profile.asp?ID=3&sp=413 http://www.stlzoo.org/animals/abouttheanimals/amphibians/salamandersandnewts/chinesegiantsalamander.htm http://www.junglepickup.com/moves/crab-walk/
23: http://www.aqua-fish.net/show.php?h=bluecrayfish http://www.overchina.cn/wp/wp/wp-content/uploads/2009/04/chinese-giant-salamander1.jpg http://scienceray.com/biology/zoology/the-largest-living-animals http://www.overchina.cn/category/rare-or-endangered-species/ 1
24: http://www.bbc.co.uk/nature/species/Chinese_giant_salamander http://english.cri.cn/6566/2009/07/24/2261s503944.htm http://nationalzoo.si.edu/Publications/ZooGoer/2003/2/GiantSalamander.cfm
25: http://endangeredfriends.blogspot.com/2008/04/chinese-giant-salamander-andrias.html http://aspcacommunity.ning.com/group/frogtown http://www.regnskoven.dk/en/the-experience/the-asian-dome/ Daniel Gilpin, Tree Frogs, Mud Puppies & Other Amphibians, 2005
26: http://www.lasallian-forum.com/viewtopic.php?t=2858&sid=72ad642602889e61cdecce0ee34488b5 http://www.wawayu.com.cn/eshow.asp?ArticleID=660 http://www.dhmlondon.co.uk/blogs/index.php?blog=1&title=give_snails_a_chance&more=1&c=1&tb=1&pb=1