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The Famous Five

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FC: The Famous Five What was the character of the Famous Five that motivated them to do what they did? By Jackson Koke October 7th 2009 Grade 6 Elbow Park Elementary

1: Introduction In this scrapbook you will learn about the Famous Five, their achievements to help Canadian women, and the Famous Five's many battles. Here are some examples of the slides: - About all the Famous Five and their achievements - The Dower act - Womens suffrage - Prohibition of drugs and alcohol - Person's case And much more! | My question is 'What was the character of the Famous Five that motivated them to do what they did?' I will be telling you about the Famous Five's early life, their accomplishments, and other things that women had to do to get themselves equal to men.

2: Henrietta Muir Edwards Henrietta was born in Montreal, Quebec 1849. She was raised in a religious family. Henrietta got into art and studied it in New York. She started helping women by creating the Working Girls Association in 1875. Henrietta edited a journal called "Womens work in Canada." She married Dr. Oliver Cromwell Edwards. Henrietta had three children, William, Margaret, and Alice. In 1883, Henrietta and her husband and children, moved to Indian Head, Saskatchewan because Oliver Edwards got a better job there. Edwards finally uncovered what she liked, helping women. Henrietta got herself into many organizations and started studying the law. She moved to Ottawa with her family in 1890. Henrietta supported the National Council of Women in Canada and also the Victorian Order of Nurses. In 1903, her husband got an even better job in Fort Macleod, Alberta. So they moved there. Henrietta befriended Fredrick Haultain (Premier of the Territories) and discussed many issues with him that she disliked. Henrietta's husband died all of a sudden. After his death, her sister moved in. Henrietta's daughter moved in with her kids with her sister and her. Henrietta's other two kid's died inbetween 1915-1918. Henrietta died at 81 in 1931at Fort Macleod.

3: Dower act Henrietta Muir Edwards Women who got married had very little rights back then. The husband could legally sell his wifes property and leave without telling his wife and his kids. if a women divorced her husband, automatically the husband would get all her properties. Physical abuse was an okay reason for divorce but it was hard to prove. Women had to deal with bad marriages because of this. Divorce didn't happen to much because of the property laws and it was very unsocial. In Canada, Henrietta helped women and children have protection, if they became destitute. But Henrietta couldn't save every women in Canada, so she created equal grounds for divorce. Henrietta and her Famous Five group worked hard to change the poor protection of women and children. The Dower act was established in 1917.

4: Pink teas Pink teas were meetings where women would illegaly discuss politics. Women were only invited. But the men wouldn't want to come to a tea anyway to avoid embarassment. When the men left he house the women would change the subject to politics and if they reappeared the women could change the subject.

5: Emily Murphy Emily was born on 1868 in Cookstown, Ontario. Her Dad was wealthy landowner and Businessmen. He was Isaac Ferguson and her mother was also and Emily. | Murphy sometimes joined her brothers on their trips (Thomas and Gowan). Isaac taught them to share their responsibilities fairly. | Emily followed her grandfather, Ogle R. Gowan, who was a politician and supported a local branch of the Orange order in 1830. Emily's brother became a lawyer and part of the supreme court.

6: Emily Murphy Emily went to Bishop Strachan School, a private school for girls in Toronto. She married Arthur Murphy in 1887. They had four daughters, Doris, Kathleen, Madeleine, and Evelyn. Unfortunately, Doris died | of Diphtheria. The family moved after Doris' death to Swan River, Manitoba in 1903. After four years Murphy's family moved to Edmonton, Alberta. In 1917, Murphy lead the fight to have women called "persons" in Canada. She did this because under a British law it said "Women were eligible for pains and penalties but not rights and privileges."

7: The Persons case Emily Murphy Before 1929, Canadian women weren't declared "Persons". Women couldn't go into the Senate because they weren't "Persons", five Governments said. A British law said women "Are persons under pains and penalties but not rights and privileges". Emily Murphy and the rest of the Famous Five worked hard to change that. They got Prime Minister,

8: The Persons case Emily Murphy MacKenzie King to ask the Canadian Supreme Court to change women into persons in 1867. Sadly, the Canadian Court declared women still to be "non-persons" in 1928. But Emily and the Famous Five didn't give up. The Famous Five asked the Canadian Government to ask the Judicial Committee of the British Privy Council to declare women "persons". In 1929, Canadian women were finally considered "persons" by law. Murphy did this so that women could be accepted into the Senate and so that women could gain more rights.

9: Louise McKinney Louise was born in Frankville, Ontario in 1868. She was brought up in a pioneer family. Louise's Dad, Richard Crummy, wanted to start a new life in Canada, so he left Ireland and married Esther Empay. Louise had ten other siblings and was the 2nd of three girls. | Louise graduated from high school and signed up for Ottawa Normal School. She went there to become a Teacher but she really wanted to become a Doctor. It was virtually impossible for a women to attend medical school, so she chose teaching. Louise started teaching in Ontario, 1886. She then moved to North Dakota to live with her sister. Louise taught for three more years before getting into the Temperance movement. Louise worked hard as an organizer for the Womens Christian Temperance Union. Louise then married James Mckinney.

10: Louise Mckinney They had one son who they named Willard. Louise and the family then moved to Claresholm, Alberta in 1903. The Mckinney's established the first church in the town. After that James and Louise Mckinney helped organize church services and helped make the Methodist church. Unfortunately,Louise died on 1931 at 63 years of age.

11: Prohibition Prohibition started in Alberta in 1916. In the mid-1800's whiskey trading started braking apart aboriginal societies and settlement in the west. The government aimed at controlling the NorthWest Territories first. In 1907, a new act for controlling liquor was created, but didn't make good expectations. The Womans Christian Temperance Union and the Farm Women of Alberta increased the momentum for getting Prohibition. Louise McKinney finished it with the WCTU, FWA, and other organizations. Around 1904, MLA R. B. Bennet founded womens organizations for the endorsement of their organizations.

12: Nellie McClung Nellie was born in Chatsworth, Ontario in 1873. She was independent and could get serious at times. Nellie impersonated many people especially her mothers two aunts. Nellie moved with her family to Manitoba in 1880. The Community in which she lived in, had social events in the summer. The first one was fun, but the second one was split apart by alcohol. Nellie did not go to school until she was ten, but when she did, Nellie worked very, very hard. She progressed very fast in her school work. Nellie had already earned a teaching certificate by age 16. She taught for seven years before meeting her future mother in-law, who got her into the Women's Christian Temperance movement, writing and speaking. Nellie married Wesley McClung in 1896. They had five children, but Nellie kept on working hard for the Womens Christian Temperance Union.

13: Irene Parlby Irene was born in London, England in 1868. She was brought up in a fairly wealthy family. Her mother was Elizabeth Lynch and her father was Colonel Marryat. He was part of the Royal Engineers and was away in India. | Irene was mostly living in England, but after she turned thirteen, Irene went to join her father in India. Irene loved life in India. Her and her five siblings all had their own pony. She and one of her sisters produced plays with the help of a couple of their friends for entertainment. She published a magazine with her friends with poems in it. Irene's father retired after she turned 16. The Marryat's returned to England and bought a farm with cow's. Irene was bored their because there was nothing to do. Nobody young was there and it was isolated from the social world.

14: Irene Parlby The Marryat's kept on making plays throughout their lives. Irene's Dad asked her if she wanted to go to University to study medicine. Irene turned the offer down because she didn't want a medical career. Irene really wanted to become an actress, but it was really unsocial at the time. She hadn't thought of writing yet, even though Irene read her Great Uncle's book's and looked up to him. She then was visited by a friend who told tales of the NorthWest Territories and invited Irene to visit. She accepted because Irene wanted to try something new. There she married Walter Parlby and had one son, Humphrey. Irene died in 1965.

15: Womens Suffrage In the four western provinces and Ontario, the Suffrage movement progressed very fast. Because of World War One, the women started having to do the mens job's because they were all overseas, fighting. The women started feeling more confident. Politicians saw that, if they got women to vote for them, they would have an easier chance to get elected. Women wanted to have more education, prohibition of drugs and alcohol, and many more things. So politicians started wanting to give women the vote and they started supporting prohibition and all the things that women wanted more of. Irene Parlby and Nellie McClung influenced women to become more confident and start thinking about getting jobs.

16: Conclusion Thankyou for reading my scrapbook and hopefully you have learned about the Famous Five, what drove them to do what they did, and about Pink teas.

17: Sources Websites www.abheritage.ca www.famous5.ca wikipedia.org citizenshift.org www.chrc-ccdp.ca | Books "The Rise of the New Women" Jean V. Matthews "Women's Suffrage Movement in Canada" Catherine L. Cleverdon

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