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The Great Wall of China

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S: The Great Wall of Ancient China

FC: The Great Wall of Ancient China | By: Sofia Tellechea

1: To Delfina Guareschi.

2: There is a great piece of architecture that hugs the northern part of Ancient China called The Great Wall. It is great because it's so big that you can see it from outer space! It's so great it's reminded as a sleeping dragon. It's so great you can help yourself with it (that is if you are a soldier).

4: The Ancient Chinese Wall was built for many reasons like the Silk Road, war, protection, travel and agriculture. It was one of the safest places to travel because the guards would always be on the lookout for danger, threats or weapons; it was also a good place to travel for safety. It was used for protection from their northern country Mongolia because it would make sure that it would be separate from the rest of the country. | It was an advantage to a war of course because of the guards always being on alert and they would carry their own weapons. This Great Wall was one of China's most sacred artifacts of ancient Chinese history. The wall was used as a strategy of offense to make China look bigger on the northern border. Quin, the emperor at that time wanted to make sure China was all equal, same money, language, and their way of measure (weights and measurements) things.

5: He wanted to make it was, “All Under Heaven”. The wall was used to for cultural boundaries, protecting the “civilized Chinese people” from the “nomadic barbarians” known as the Mongolians. The bad thing was that the wall would sometimes divide the farmland in half, some farmers would go outside to find fertile lands and make friends with the “nomadic barbarians” and start trading. Xiongnu, a group of herders would practice their agriculture just along the wall. | This wall was less about defense and more about control; it could control who would enter and who would leave. It was a way to control how many people would enter to sell their merchandise for their own health. That was a way to communicate through the wall and through the country; they would communicate sending signals just in case of an emergency attack..

6: When there would be an attack in Ancient China the Chinese would have a code to communicate. Great Wall was the place where there would be the alerts. During the night they would use fire, during the day they would use smoke. A certain amount of smoke or fire meant different things. There would be different codes to tell how many soldiers were going to attack. One release of smoke meant 100 enemies, not that bad. | Two releases meant that there was about 500 enemies, they could handle that. Three releases meant that there were 1,000 enemies, bad news. If there were four releases then there were 5,000 enemies, these armies would need to be really prepared. Five releases meant big trouble. If one of those platforms would light up the rest would follow. Each of the towers had to be prepared; that meant that there would have to

7: be fresh wolf and cow dung to help the fires and of course they needed to collect the fire! Most of the guards on the wall were soldiers prepared for war. These towers were first built as wood and sun backed brick (mud mixed with water stacked), each of them was about 40 feet (12 m.) square at the base, tapering to about 30 feet (9 m) square at the top, they were all about 40 feet high (12 m). These towers were spaced enough for the | soldiers to be able to kill an enemy. The Wall was built wide enough for four horses to pass side by side. The tower had three floors that were connected by ladders, their own rooms, and doors for the privacy for the soldiers. Due to this big construction of the great wall at the end everything in China had been sacrificed for it. Families were torn, one million people had died, and the rest was in poverty and bankrupt.

8: The Great Wall was sometimes called and compared as a sleeping dragon. From the top it would look like a serpentine shape sleeping on the top of the Chinese mountains. | Some of the building details like the bricks and the towers would look like scales. This wall would have to be the best of the best because the Chinese would think that ancient China was the center of the world, and then the design would make it look like a big, expectacular, dragon. This wall would reflect the Chinese’s way of thinking of how their country was to them and what they thought of it. This caused that none of the other

9: countries wanted to not even get within 10 m. close with their horses. This was compared for the dragons’ good luck, mythical, very powerful, and good luck. As it would expand the “dragon” would show off its natural beauty. When the wall had to be rebuilt or expanded the emperors made sure that the design would embellish the beauty of its architecture. Feing shui is a Chinese belief of veins running underneath the Earth that hold the wind and water passing through them. These veins would affect the course of how things would happen for better or for worse. The Great Wall was built according to the principles of Feng shui. They would make sure the wall was not cutting between the veins because if a vein was cut then that would cause many terrible tragedies like floods, earthquakes, and terrible forest fires.

10: The Great Wall has been in the world for more than a 100 years and it will keep on living on ancient China’s mountains. It will separate everything from the rest when it holds a strong, intelligent, country and shows their independence from this mighty piece of architecture.

11: Questions: 1. What was the name of the herders that would practice their agriculture along the wall? 2. How many releases of smoke did they release to say that there were 5,000 enemies on their way? 3. How did they call the Great Wall for its style of architecture? Why? 4. What is Feing shui? 5. How many floors would the towers have?

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