BC: The end.
FC: By: Brenna Holt, Kayla Muller, Katherine McNeely, Emily Trongo, Jacobia Campbell
1: President Wilson's New Freedom! | The Underwood Tariff - 1st time lowered since civil war 16th amendment; Graduated income tax Creation of Federal Reserve; set up system of 12 national banks Trust regulation; Clayton Anti-trust Act, replaces Sherman Anti-trust act and protected unions. 19th Amendment; women's right to suffrage Laissez-faire policy fades
2: Causes of World War One | Instability Nationalism- Pride in one's country Militarism- Belief in a strong military Old Empires- caused competition for colonies Old Style Gov'ts- Monarchies Alliance System- lead to arms race. Triple Alliance, later called Central Powers- Germany, Austria-Hungary, Turkey Triple Entente, later called Allies- France, Britain, Russia
3: World War one starts! | June 1914, Serbian assassinates Archduke Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary Austria- Hungary declares war on Serbia Germany declares war on Russia Britain declares war on Germany
4: U.S Declares WAR! April 6th, 1917, U.S joins the war as a result of the following: The interception of the Zimmerman Note where Germany asked Mexico to join the Axis powers in return to help Mexico regain territory taken by the U.S Germany's unrestricted submarine warfare that sunk the Lusitania, an American passenger ship. The change in public opinion as more people began crying out for war.
5: The War Industries board was created and lead by Bernard Baruch, and set prices and determined what goods should be produced by private industry Selective Service Act passed and resulted in nearly 10 million men listed and a lottery that chose the first 687,000 to serve. Eventually 3,000,000 men serve as draftees in the war
6: A NEW war tactic emerges. | Trench Warfare New technology Submarines Airplanes Machine guns Poison Gas Mustard Gas - burns the skin and causes fatal lung damage. These new tactics quickly lead to a Stalemate, in which no sides can win.
7: More soldiers died from disease like gang green, trench foot, other infections than in actual combat. There was no penicillin to help cure these infections.
8: TRENCH WARFARE | Lice caused Trench Fever, a painful disease that began suddenly with severe pain followed by high fever. Recovery away from the trenches took up to twelve weeks. Lice were not actually identified as the culprit of Trench Fever until 1918. | Trench Foot was another medical condition caused by trench life. It was a fungal infection of the feet caused by cold, wet and unsanitary trench conditions. It could turn gangrenous and result in amputation. Trench Foot was more of a problem at the start of trench warfare; as conditions improved in 1915 it rapidly faded, although a trickle of cases continued throughout the war.
9: Some Statistics: U.S. Army Mobilized: 4,355,000 U.S. Army War Dead (overseas & domestic): Killed in action: 36,931 Died of wounds: 13,673 Died of disease: 62,668 Other: 6,872 Total dead: 120,144 Total wounded: 198,059 Total casualties: 318,203 Prisoners of war and missing: 4,500
10: The War Ends. On June 28th, 1919, Germany signs the Treaty of Versailles by the "Big Three" who were David Lloyd George of Britain, Clemenceau of France and Woodrow Wilson of America. Germany’s army was reduced to 100,000 men; the army was not allowed tanks or an air force. Germany was also forbidden to unite with Austria to form one superstate, in an attempt to keep her economic potential to a minimum. The League of nations was created.
11: ISOLATION AFTER WWI | -The US failed to join the League of Nations -During the 1920s America tended to protect itself in terms of trade. -America turned its back on Europe by restricting the number of immigrants permitted into the country. -By 1929 only 150,000 immigrants per year were allowed in. America returned to Isolationism.