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The Liberally Educated

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BC: Pictures: http://www.dreamstime.com/color-puzzle-image9435381 http://bloximages.chicago2.vip.townnews.com/lacrossetribune.com/content/tncms/assets/v3/editorial/5/f6/5f62a942-ebe8-11e0-82ea-001cc4c03286/4e869b38a1d61.image.jpg http://photos.news.wisc.edu/photos/13459/original/Bucky_Badger_READ10_5733.jpg?1306186999 http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_DdnPwaWK7pA/S_N76NQ9K5I/AAAAAAAAAGE/mrhLPK7wwGs/s1600/bucky+rowing.jpg http://t1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcTWny_K3bUbchutfJrcWxVr-SI7825WG6jyfygzUZpn2xcV2FLa http://www.uwbookstore.com/StoreImages/177-487837-1_hi.jpg http://www.wisconsinmade.com/assets/item/regular/2481-bucky-badger-treasure-books-S.jpg http://img1.findgift.com/Graphics/Gifts/250/710/PR_263710.jpg http://ecx.images-amazon.com/images/I/614EgHF9J-L._SL500_AA300_.jpg http://www.citydictionary.com/Uploaded/Images/Bucky-Badger-20080703081658.JPG http://www.sohe.wisc.edu/centers/cre/corporate/images/RetailLecture025.jpg http://a6.sphotos.ak.fbcdn.net/hphotos-ak-snc7/314006_162961547116327_106502929428856_343079_7504684_n.jpg http://a4.sphotos.ak.fbcdn.net/hphotos-ak-snc7/313861_162966183782530_106502929428856_343120_603410_n.jpg http://www1.picturepush.com/photo/a/2601899/480/Misc-Cuts/bucky-badger-mascot.png?v0 http://media.scout.com/Media/Image/40/408858.jpg http://gameops.com/wp/wp-content/uploads/buckybadger.jpg http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/ABPub/2010/11/19/2013478705.jpg http://www.th-photo.net/blog/Bucky-Badger.jpg http://i.cdn.turner.com/si/.element/img/4.0/global/swapper/201009/100908.04.jpg http://www.citydictionary.com/Uploaded/Images/Bucky-Badger-20080426042304.jpg http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_dZzZsMQ-f9o/SPDwRmvflNI/AAAAAAAAANY/ag81mk2XCt0/s320/Bucky+Badger.jpg

FC: {Listen and Hear} {Read and Understand} {Talk to Anyone} {Write Clearly, Persuasively, and Movingly} {Solve a Variety of Puzzles and Problems} {Respect Rigor as a Way of Seeking Truth} {Practice Respect and Humility, Tolerance and Self-Critisism} {Understand How to Get Things Done in the World} {Nurture and Empower the People Around Them} | {Listen and Hear} {Read and Understand} {Talk to Anyone} {Write Clearly, Persuasively, and Movingly} {Solve a Variety of Puzzles and Problems} {Respect Rigor as a Way of Seeking Truth} {Practice Respect and Humility, Tolerance and Self-Critisism} {Understand How to Get Things Done in the World} {Nurture and Empower the People Around Them} | {Listen and Hear} {Read and Understand} {Talk to Anyone} {Write Clearly, Persuasively, and Movingly} {Solve a Variety of Puzzles and Problems} {Respect Rigor as a Way of Seeking Truth} {Practice Respect and Humility, Tolerance and Self-Critisism} {Understand How to Get Things Done in the World} {Nurture and Empower the People Around Them} | {Listen and Hear} {Read and Understand} {Talk to Anyone} {Write Clearly, Persuasively, and Movingly} {Solve a Variety of Puzzles and Problems} {Respect Rigor as a Way of Seeking Truth} {Practice Respect and Humility, Tolerance and Self-Critisism} {Understand How to Get Things Done in the World} {Nurture and Empower the People Around Them} | Only Connect The Many Pages of a Liberally Educated Person Emily Junger

1: William Cronon's Ten Qualities of A Liberally Educated Person: 1. They listen and they hear. 2. They read and they understand. 3. They can talk with anyone. 4. They can write clearly and persuasively and movingly. 5. They can solve a wide variety of puzzles and problems. 6. They respect rigor not so much for its own sake but as a way of seeking truth. 7. They practice humility, tolerance, and self-criticism. 8. They understand how to get things done in the world. 9. They nurture and empower the people around them. 10. They follow E.M.Forster’s injunction from Howards End:“Only connect...”

2: What This Quality Entails: | The Purpose: | 1. They Listen and They Hear | "...[E]ducated people know how to pay attention-- to others and to the world around them," Cronon says. However, this first quality includes more than just listening to others when they speak. It is also about truly hearing their ideas, reasoning, logic, and, in addition, the emotions behind their words. Ultimately, listening carefully moves the listener as well as the speaker, and the first can empathize with the second. | This quality is an important part of learning to communicate effectively. Along with this, communication in itself is a way of learning. In his article "On the Purpose of a Liberal Arts Education," Robert Harris adds, "In fact, any time two human beings get together and open their mouths, teaching and learning are going on." In this way, it is most definitely an important part of a liberal education.

3: 2. They Read and They Understand | What This Quality Entails: | The 'understanding' part of this quality is what spurs its purpose. After reading or learning something, a liberally educated person will form their own opinion or evaluation on the matter.. According to Harris, "You will develop an active engagement with knowledge, and not be just the passive recipient of a hundred boring facts." | The word "read" means so much more than just reading a book in this context. Any time something is sensed and a reaction is formed, a reading has been taken. There are infinite ways to read in today's world. And in Cronon's words, "...skilled readers know how to read far more than words. They are moved by what they see... and what they hear..." Furthermore, "...educated people should be competent in many [ways] and curious about all of them." | The Purpose:

4: What This Quality Entails: | The Purpose: | 3. They Can Talk With Anyone | The key point of this quality lies in the intent of conversation. The liberally educated talk "not because they like to talk about themselves but because they are genuinely interested in others," Cronon says. They can hold a conversation with anyone, because there is something interesting to be found about everyone. | Talking to many different people broadens the context of an education. The world is more understandable and coherent when one has heard from a wide range of people. "Context is crucial for full understanding, and a general knowledge of the world gives you that context," Harris puts it. One way to gain that general knowledge is through conversation.

5: 4. They Can Write Clearly and Persuasively and Movingly | What This Quality Entails: | The Purpose: | "What goes for talking goes for writing as well: educated people know the craft of putting words on paper," Cronon states. Carefully expressing ideas, reasonings, explanations, and emotions is a learned skill. Ultimately the goal is to move the person reading the words. It takes a lot of practice to write effectively. | Ideas are worth little unless they are shared with someone else. Since it is impossible to have a conversation with everyone, writing is a very convenient way to share ideas with a large audience. Learning how to write effectively, understandably, and movingly is a crucial part of a liberal education. .

6: What This Quality Entails: | {Purpose: | 5. They Can Solve a Wide Variety of Puzzles and Problems | Problem solving utilizes multiple important skills. Part of a liberal education is learning how to combine them to perform such a task. Cronon summarizes these skills as "the ability to look at a complicated reality, break it in to pieces, and figure out how it works in order to do practical things in the real world." Furthermore, the world must then be put back together since we must "accomplish practical goals without violating the integrity of the world we are trying to change." | "Once you develop good thinking habits," Harris says, "you will be able to perform better in any job... [Y]ou will take with you the knowledge of organized solutions, of hierarchical procedures, of rational sequences that can be applied to any endeavor." Problem solving skills, onces learned, can be applied to any problem, and so many practices in life are about changing conditions and solving problems.

7: 6. They Respect Rigor... as a Way of Seeking Truth | What This Quality Entails: | Purpose: | "Truly educated people love learning, but they love wisdom more," Cronon starts. Wisdom is gained through rigorous learning. Rigor is hardship, strictness, diligence... All of these come with the practice of gaining knowledge. However, while rigor is respected by the liberally educated, it is not overwhelmingly awed over. | Harris describes rigor with an analogy: "When a basketball player lift weights...it is clear that these exercises build the muscles...that can be transferred to basketball--building them perhaps better than endless hours of basketball practice would." He implies the principle that one has to go almost too far to gain something. A rigorous method is necessary to gain a fair amount of knowledge in a reasonable amount of time.

8: Intelligent individuals cannot limit their concern to only themselves. As Cronon puts it, "[t]hey have the intellectual range and emotional generosity to step outside their own experiences and prejudices, thereby opening themselves to perspectives different from their own." | 7. They Practice Humility, Tolerance, and Self-Criticism | What This Quality Entails: | {Purpose: | When learning, one must stop and reflect to learn from themselves and stop and listen to learn from others. This is only possible through humility, tolerance, and self-criticism. Harris says, "[wisdom] will help you see and feel your defects and to change yourself, to be a better citizen...[and] human being."

9: 8. They Understand How to Get Things Done in the World | What This Quality Entails: | {Purpose: | It is impossible to make a difference without exercising power, especially because no one truly acts alone. Practically, one must use power wisely to continue working with others. Once power is misused, respect is lost. Understanding how to get things done closely relates to understanding how to use power well. | One must understand how to get things done in the world in order to be a positive influence upon it. Getting things done involves finding how to use power without abusing it. Cronon says, "...we study power and struggle to use it wisely and well."

10: 9. They Nurture and Empower the People Around Them | What This Quality Entails: | {Purpose: | To put it in a practical perspective, Harris states, "[a]s a friend, spouse, and parent you will be a teacher, sharing your life's knowledge and understanding with another daily and intimately." It is about bettering the big picture and growing as a community--not just as an individual. | "Liberally educated people understand that they belong to a community whose prosperity and well-being are crucial to their own, and they help that community flourish by making the success of others possible" (Cronon). Knowledge is not a personal accomplishment, but an accomplishment of the community of all humanity. Helping each other benefits everyone.

11: 10. They Follow E.M. Forester's Injunction From Howard's End: | "Only Connect..." | All in all, the liberal education is about piecing knowledge of many subjects together to make up a knowledge of the world in its entirety, or to develop wisdom. It is about connecting with others, sharing ideas, building off previous knowledge, and making sense of the world in which we live. Doing so will "allow...[us] to act within it in creative ways" (Cronon). In Harris' words, "Knowledge of many subject areas provides a cross fertilization of ideas, a fullness of mind that produces new ideas and better understanding.... The greater the storehouse of your knowledge, and the wider its range, the more creative you will be. The interactions of diversified know- ledge are so subtle and so sophisticated that their results cannot be predicted." The product of such wisdom is unforeseen until it has surmounted to some- thing life-changing. That is synergism. "The interaction of ele- ments that when combined produce a total effect that is greater than the sum of the in- dividual elements" (dictionary.com).

14: Works Cited Cronon, WIlliam. "Only Connect...: The Goals of a Liberal Education." The American Scholar 67 (Autumn, 1998): 73-80. "Define Synergism." Dictionary.com. Web. 14 Nov. 2011. Harris, Robert. "On the Purpose of a Liberal Arts Education." VirtualSalt. 14 Mar. 1991. Web. 9 Nov. 2011.

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