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The Life and Story of William Shakespeare and the Renaissance

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BC: WORK CITED! | Emmerich, Roland. "Roland Emmerich's Anonymous Sparks Stratford Signs Protest ." Coventry Telegraph. Trinity Mirror Midlands Limited, 26 Apr. 2012. Web. 26 Apr. 2012. . Not Mentioned. "Italian Renaissance Painting." Wikipedia . Wikipedia, 12 Mar. 2012. Web. 26 Apr. 2012. . Merriman, C.D. "William Shakespeare." The Literature Network. Copyright Jalic Inc, 8 June 2011. Web. 26 Apr. 2012. . Pressley, J.M. "Elizabethan England." Shakespeare Resource Center. Shakespeare Resource Center, 12 Feb. 2012. Web. 26 Apr. 2012. . A&E Television Networks. "Italian Renaissance." A&E Television Networks. A&E Television Networks, 2012. Web. 26 Apr. 2012. .

FC: The Life and Story of William Shakespeare and the Renaissance | By: Nicolette Forgione

1: How does the Renaissance influence literature and history? | The Renaissance influenced literature and history because the Renaissance was not only an English phenomenon, it was also a European one. It meant the death of medieval scholars and it signalized a revolt against the spirit authority of the Pope. Also, the Renaissance implied a greater value of beauty and polish in the Greek and Latin scholars. This beauty and this polish that were practiced by Renaissance men of letters was to be included in their native literature. The Renaissance influenced history because it led to changes in art, politics, science and exploration for many people. It influenced how art became more civil and it influenced the scientific world by developing humanism so things would not be as wound up around the church.

2: Italian Renaissance | Elizabethan England | - more writing in poetry - catholic and protestant - Queen Elizabeth - Golden Age - weren't supplied with materials for trade like Italy was | - humanism - celebration of the arts - one way of getting money for paintings and the arts | - known for artwork - very spiritual - Medici Family - no Golden Age - very successful with trade

3: G: Thriving cities, wealthy merchant class, and the classical heritage of Greece and Rome. R: Taught Christians to endure suffering while they awaited their rewards in heaven. A: Leonardo Davina was a painter, sculptor, inventor & scientist and was also the artist of the Mona Lisa and the Last Supper. P: In the Renaissance, there were leaders who established order and a political guidebook for society and a better government than the feudal society and political corruption of the Middle Ages. | Italian Renaissance | E: Wealthy economy and increased trade. S: A young man should be charming, witty, and well educated in classics. Upper class women should know the classics as well and be charming. They were expected to inspire art but not to create it. Many newcomers to London struggled to find jobs and shelter, performances were wild, bad sanitation, walking was the only mean of transportation.

4: Elizabethan England | G: England was rural, it was the main part of green and pleasant land. R: Protestant, Puritans were killed. A: Music (in churches), literature, art, William Shakespeare, string wind and keyboard instruments, known for their carpets. P: Nation's center of power was London. | E: Mainly agricultural, trade in exotic imports. S: Population around 3,000,000, division and population governed by a brutal and paranoid state, unequal society of great wealth and unimaginable poverty, lived under threats of war.

5: Shakespeare's Life | William Shakespeare was born on April 23rd, 1564 in Stratford Upon Avon and was baptized 3 days later on April 26th. Shakespeare lived in London his whole life. He had 3 younger brothers and two younger sisters. He was the third oldest because he had two sisters who were born before him but died as infants. He attended school until age 14 when his parents had to pull him out because they became broke and could no longer pay for his education. He married a woman named Anne Hathaway and they had 3 children named Hamnet, Susanna and Judith.

6: Shakespeare's Life Continued.. | The cause of Shakespeare's death is still unknown to this day. Shakespeare died on April 23rd, 1616 at age 52. The parents of Shakespeare were John Shakespeare who was head of the town council and was also a sheep smuggler and Mary Arden who was a stay at home mother because women didn't really work that much back then. Some of the subjects Shakespeare learned while he was in school were English and Latin. The rumors that were concerning Shakespeare and his wife's marriage was that he was cheating on her with other women. The tragedy that befell his son, Hamnet was that he got the plague which was a very well-known and spreading disease during that time and killed 60% of the population. Shakespeare's wife died August 6th, 1623 at age 67.

7: Shakespeare's Career | William Shakespeare was famous for three professions, poetry, literature, and being an author. He wrote 37 plays and aside from writing plays he also wrote poems and sonics. The name of Shakespeare's acting company was The Chamberlain's Men which was later switched to The King's Men. They switched the name in honor of King James the 1st. The source that Shakespeare borrowed the plot for Romeo and Juliet was Arthur Brooke's poem, Romeus and Juliet. Shakespeare moved to London around 1585. He moved there because he wanted to become an actor and a writer and he couldn't do it where he lived. Shakespeare wrote all kinds of plays, he wrote a play about history called 1, 2, and 3 Henry VI, he wrote one about comedy called All's Well That End's Well and one on tragedy called Hamlet. Many quotations from his work are now very famous. Some of them are, "Romeo, Romeo, where are thou Romeo?" and "To be or not to be," and "What the dickens?".

8: Shakespeare's Career Continued... | Queen Elizabeth was the queen of England and Ireland (1533 - 1603). King James I succeeded as the leader of England in 1567. Shakespeare achieved fame and success in his lifetime by writing amazing plays and poetry. He built his theater outside of London's city limits because theaters were not allowed within the city walls so this way, the city governors had no jurisdiction over them. The opening date of The Globe Theater was in 1597. The devastating event that occurred in 1613 was a canon that was fired from the roof of the theater and led to it being burned to the ground.

9: Shakespeare's Career Continued... Part Two! | Queen Elizabeth was influential on Shakespeare's success because she supported and encouraged acting and writing. Shakespeare co-owned The Globe Theater with Cuthbert, Richard Burbage, John Heminges, Augustine Phillips and Thomas Pope. Some physical features of the Globe Theater were that it had vertical/diagonal timbers, overhanging 1st floors, pillared porches and thatched roofs. The bubonic plague disease caused all of the theaters to be shut down for two years. There were no female actors during Shakespeare's time because females didn't have a real role in society so men played the female roles.

10: The Language of Shakespeare's Time | Since William Shakespeare himself was a play writer, he decided to come up with a language of his own to use in his plays. That language was early modern English. Some of the words he used have different meanings today or have never been heard of. Examples of these words are art which means are, coz which means because, hark you which means listen, knave which means fellow, stay which means stop and thrice which means three times. Only some people spoke the way the characters spoke in Shakespeare's plays. Sometimes, Shakespeare shortened his words. Examples of this are the words, 'tis, meaning it is, ope meaning open, o'er meaning over and, gi' which means give.

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