FC: The Life and Times of William Shakespeare | By: Nicole D'Annibale
1: TABLE OF CONTENTS | Pages 2-3: Italian Renaissance GRAPES Pages 4-5: Elizabethan England GRAPES Page 6: GRAPES Similarities & Differences Page 7: The Language of William Shakespeare Page 8-9: The life of William Shakespeare Pages 10-11: The Career of William Shakespeare Page 12: Essential Question Page 13: Bibliography
2: GEOGRAPHY | ITALIAN | RELIGION | - Wealthy Cities - Wealthy merchant class - Greece and Rome influences - Overseas trade - Italian City-states (Milan, Florence) | - Catholic - After Crusades ended, the Catholic Church stopped enduring people to suffer in order to have a better eternal life | - Leonardo Da Vinci Mona Lisa, Last Supper - Rapheal Sanzio Perspective, paintings | ACHIEVEMENTS
3: RENAISSANCE | ECONOMY | - Government of Florence changed from the Middle Ages to the Renaissance - Florence went from a republican form of government to a dictatorship | POLITICS | - Commercial Revolution- increased availability of trading goods and new ways of doing business changed life in Europe. - The crusades, the commercial revolution and the Renaissance all led to the increase of trade and a wealthy economy. | SOCIETY | - Humanism: An intellectual movement that focused on human potential & achievements. - Men were now expected to be artistic, charming and athletic. - Women were expected to inspire art and be a little more educated. - Urban life had jobless people, walking=transportation, crowded.
4: ELIZABETHAN | ACHIEVEMENTS | GEOGRAPHY | RELIGION | - Italian Renaissance spread to England - The River Thames, London was a harbor and transportation route - Country in Europe surrounded by water - Mostly rural | - Tried to compromise between Catholic and Protestant - Many conflicts between Catholic and Protestant as well as puritans. | - William Shakespeare wrote plays, poems, and sonnets - Painters experimented with new techniques - Classical Art
5: ENGLAND | ECONOMY | POLITICS | SOCIETY | - Elizabeth | - Ruled by monarchy - Golden Age during the reign Queen Elizabeth | - Trade with Americas, Caribbean, India, and China - Vagrants and Vagabonds= wanderers with no home - No paper money - Lot of poverty - All coins were silver or gold. | - Merchants - Marriage: arranged often with neighbors or friends - Wives: property of husbands, go to convent if not married - Husbands: man of the household, must remarry if widow, divorce is hard - Servants and peasants were at the bottom of society
6: -More artists -Monarchs | -Education increased -Many achievements -Supported the arts -Trade increased -Economic boom -Humanism: Celebration of the individual | -More writers -Queen Elizabeth liked the theatre so she made it part of society -Woman ruler | ITALIAN RENAISSANCE | ELIZABETHAN ENGLAND
7: William Shakespeare made himself different from everyone by using a different type of language. William Shakespeare used early modern English to write his plays. Outside of his plays, people did not really speak this way. This language added a sense of uniqueness to his writings. Shakespeare sometimes shortened words in his writings. He replaced letters with apostrophes. For example, 'tis= it is, o'er= over, ne'er= never. Sometimes, the words he used have a different meaning today. For example, art= are, stay=stop, coz=cousin. | The Language of William Shakespeare
8: The Life of William Shakespeare | William Shakespeare was born and baptized in Stratford-Upon-Avon. His parents, John Shakespeare and Mary Arden had 8 children including William. He was the third oldest. Shakespeare attended school until he was fourteen years old, in eighth grade. While in school, some subjects he learned were manners, English, and Latin.
9: William grew up and married Anne Hathaway and had three children, Susanna, Judith, and Hamnet. There was a rumor concerning his marriage, there were two different names on his marriage document, possibly two different women. A tragedy came upon his family when his child, Hamnet, caught the bubonic plague and was killed at only eleven years old. William and his family lived in Stratford-Upon-Avon most of their life. William died on April 23rd, 1616 at the age of 52 and the cause of his death is unknown. His wife died later in 1623.
10: The Career of William Shakespeare | William Shakespeare is famous for his talents in the arts and literature. He was a famous play writer, who also wrote sonnets and poems. Shakespeare wrote over 35 plays throughout his life. He wrote comedies, tragedies and history plays such as, "A Mid-Summers Night Dream", "Hamlet", "Romeo and Juliet", and "King John". Many quotations from his work are now very famous. Some are, "To be or not to be" from Hamlet, "O Romeo, Romeo, Where fore art thou Romeo" from Romeo and Juliet. Shakespeare "borrowed" the plot for Romeo and Juliet from Arthur Brooke's, "The Tragical History of Romeus and Juliet." Shakespeare also had an acting company called, Lord Chamberlain's Men, later renamed as, King's Men. In 1592, Shakespeare moved to London but the reason was unknown.
11: At the time of Shakespeare, Elizabeth succeeded her father, King Henry VIII and she became Queen of England. Queen Elizabeth was influential Shakespeare's success because she supported the arts and literature. In the summer of 1598, The Globe Theatre was opened. William Shakespeare co-owned is with James and Robert Burbage and four other actors. The theatre was built outside London's city limits because theatres were not allowed in the city walls. The theatre was made out of timber, plaster, stone and nails. It was able to hold more than 1,000 people. It was globular hence the name, Globe Theatre. All theatres were shut down for two years because of outbreaks of the bubonic plague. In 1613, a devastating event occurred. There was a fire in the Globe Theatre.
12: ESSENTIAL QUESTION: How does the Renaissance influence literature and history? | The Renaissance was a major influence to literature and history. There was an explosion of advancements during the renaissance in education, arts and literature. The word "renaissance" translates to "rebirth". This prosperous period of time came after the bubonic plague which had caused almost half of the population to die. The society needed to celebrate life and they did this through art and literature. Many pieces of their art reflected their emotions and feelings. Many things created and developed during the Renaissance is around now. Most things from modern life now can relate or was influenced by the Renaissance.
13: BIBLIOGRAPHY | -Jimm. "Five Things You May Not Have Known About Shakespeare." Online Image. 2009. MyFiveBest. 25 April. 2012