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The Life and Times of William Shakespeare

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S: The Life and TImes of William Shakespeare

BC: DEPARTED | ENGLAND | SHAKESPEARE | Bibliography | University of Warwick, Coventry, United Kingdom. “Shakespeare’s Birthplace.” Online image. 2008. Society for Invertebrate Pathology. 22 April. 2012 . Quentin. “Shakespeare’s Grammar School.” Online image. 2010. Why I Love Shakespeare. 24 April 2012. Emory University. "A Midsummer Night's Dream." Online Image. 2003. Shakespeare and the Players. 23 April 2012. .

FC: The Life and Times of William Shakespeare

1: TABLE OF CONTENTS | ENGLAND | ARRIVED 26, APRIL 1564 | G.R.A.P.E.S. of Italian Renaissance and Elizabethan England Pages 2-5 William Shakespeare's Life Page 6-8 William Shakespeare's Career 9-11 William Shakespeare's Language Page 12 How Does the Renaissance influence literature and History? Page 13 Bibliography Page 14

2: The Key Similarities between the Italian Renaissance and Elizabethan England | The Italian Renaissance and Elizabethan England both took place in Europe during a time of rebirth of the arts. People loved and celebrated all types of the arts; literature, artwork, sculpture and music. Humanism was greatly observed because instead of heavily following religion as people did in the Middle Ages, many began to question the values of the Christian church. People stopped depicting religious scenes and started using nudity in art as a way to recognize humans and their spirit/importance. Also, both these time periods accommodated a giant merchant class, basing their incomes off of the prosperous trade going on around them and because of how the economy was based off of agriculture. Artwork also became imperfect; people no longer had perfect figures and facial expression, the real perspective and ideals of people were depicted instead. So to say, during this time period, perfection became imperfect while natural flaws became the new fashion.

3: Italy's mountains | Mona Lisa | Map of Elizabethan England

4: Catholic Church | Queen Elizabeth

5: The Differences between the Italian Renaissance and Elizabethan England | Although religion became less important during this time period, people still were involved in it. Elizabethan England was very much influenced by the things going on during the Italian Renaissance. In Italy, people stayed loyal to Catholicism while Queen Elizabeth changed the national religion to Protestant, which was forced upon people. Florence came under the rule of the Medici family, the wealthiest family of Italy due to banking. Cosimo de Medici won control of the government of Italy in 1434 and became the dictator for thirty years. Parliament was in control of England, with Queen Elizabeth being seen as the highest figure. Italy had sculptors and painters like Leonardo da Vinci (Mona Lisa, the Last Supper) and Michelangelo (Statue of David) while England leaned more towards literature and sciences, since the Queen had such an interest in them. William Shakespeare was a poet, playwright, and an actor. Education was very important in Elizabethan England, and during Queen Elizabeth's reign, literacy statistics skyrocketed. Both of these time periods were able to prosper despite their differences.

6: Shakespeare's home in Stratford Upon Avon, England | Shakespeare's children, Judith, Hamnet & Susana | William Shakespeare had three children (above) and his son Hamnet died at 11 from the Bubonic Plague.He was married to Anne Hathaway.

7: Shakespeare had three brothers and four sisters. He was the third child born. He promised himself to two women, but married Anne after getting her pregnant, even though he may have loved the other woman more. This influences his writing because he writes about forbidden love, like his love with the two women. | William Shakespeare's estimated birth date is April 23, 1564, and he was baptized at the Stratford Church. He died on April 26th 1616 of sickness | William Shakespeare's parents were John and Mary Shakespeare. John was a high-class women's glove maker, and later got involved in politics. When Queen Elizabeth changed England's religion to Protestant, John helped people practice Catholicism in secret. | Stratford Church

8: Family and School | William's family got tortured and killed for being considered traitors because one of his cousins, when at a bar late at night, claimed to want to assassinate Queen Elizabeth. This makes William's family go from wealthy to hated which influences income and his ability to go to school. | Shakespeare had a love for education since at the age of 13, it was ripped away from him due to his family losing much of their money after being tried for attempted murder of the Queen. He learned literature, poetry, mathematics, and other skills. | Shakespeare's School

9: Shakespeare excelled in three professions: playwright, poet and actor. He even moved to London to pursue his acting career in the London Theatre. | Shakespeare wrote more than 37 plays and 154 sonnets throughout his career. He even started an acting company called Lord Chamberlain's Company (King's Company) | CAREER | The Globe Theatre was outside of London's city limits due to their ban on theatres. Shakespeare owned the Globe with Cuthburt Burbage. | The Globe was round and influenced by the Coliseum. It was black and white with a half-timbered style, had vertical/diagonal timbers and pillared porches. | Women were not allowed to act in theatres because it was not considered appropriate since women had little roles in soiety.

10: GLOBE THEATRE | William Shakespeare | 1598-1613 | Queen Elizabeth ruled from 1558-1603. She excommunicated the Pope and changed the national religion from Catholicism to Protestantism. She built the first custom theatre in London and Shakespeare went there to become a professional playwright. She also made plays very popular, which made people want to go see them. Since the Queen loved plays so much, she took money out of Parliament to pay people like Shakespeare.

11: BONDI BEACH is one of Australia's most famous beaches and among the world's most well-known beaches. The beach is roughly a kilometer long and is located on the east coast of Australia and is a suburb of the city of Sydney. | Plays like "Romeo and Juliet" and "A Midsummer Night's Dream" were preformed at the Globe Theatre. Shakespeare wrote many famous plays, especially in History, Comedy and Tragedy. He wrote "King John" and "King Henry IV" in the History genre, "The Tempest" and "A Midsummer Night's Dream" as Comedies and "Hamlet" and "Romeo and Juliet" as Tragedies. | "O Romeo, Romeo! Wherefore art thou Romeo?"

12: The Language of My Time | When Shakespeare wrote his plays, he wrote them in Old English (Shakespearean English). People didn't actually speak like this in real life at all. | art hark you 'tis gi' I' | are hear you this is give I've | Shakespeare loved literature and writing so much because it was torn away from him when he was 13. He wrote of death a lot because of how so many of his family members were killed, and he wrote of tragic love because of how he was forbidden from his true love. So to say, Shakespeare writings reflected much of what he experienced in his real life.

13: Essential Question: How Does the Renaissance influence literature and History? | The renaissance was a time of rebirth in literature, learning and the arts. Without people recognizing the importance of humanism and the arts, people like William Shakespeare would have been brushed aside and never considered talented. During the renaissance, new talents and strategies were created, and now, in modern day times, people can look back at the Renaissance as a time of grand opportunity and possibility.

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