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The Silk Road

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FC: The Silk Road By: Juliana

1: Did you ever know how did the Chinese people had many ideas and many creations? Well it was because of the Silk Road in Ancient China. The Silk Road allowed them to trade ideas from many parts of the world but they didn't just trade ideas, they traded toys food and a lot's more stuff than you can imagine.

2: The humongous Silk Road begins at Chang’an, it is now known as Xian. The Silk Road goes through Central Asia, to Syria in the Middle East on the Mediterranean Sea. It crossed forbidden deserts and rugged mountains. Then by way of the Hexi Corridor and it reaches to Dun Huang. Where now it’s going to divide into three different ways, the Southern Route, Central Route and the Northern Route. All the three routes spread all over the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. The northern route took caravans through the Jade Gate Pass northwest of Dun Huang and along the southern foothills of the Tian Mountain Range. | At Hami the northern route divided into two routes, one route going west from Dun Huang south of the Tian and Pamir Mountain Ranges through Kashgar, the other going north of the Tian and Pamir ranges through Tashken, Samarkand and Bukhara. The central route ran west along the southern foot of Tianshan Mountains, passing Loulan (known as Ruoqiang), it passes through a lot more countries but then it joins the southern route. The southern route took caravans between Taklimakan Desert and the Kunlun Mountain Ranges. The southern route joined with the northern most routes at Merv.

3: Then they extend as far as India and Rome, but it ends on Rome. When political conditions were stable, even more silk was transported to Rome on the sea route from China by way of Sri Lanka (Ceylon) and the Red Sea. The trip through the Silk Road is 4000 miles in km is 7,000.

4: They traded a lot of things along the Silk Road to get more ideas and new stuff for their Countries (like I said). There was a series of trades routes that ran from northern China across Asia. They traded musk, perfumes, slaves, jewelry and lots more. The emperors permitted merchants to trade freely throughout their vast empire. Merchants traded many commodities along these routes- horses, gems, glass and lacquer ware. The Roman people had gold and silver and precious games. Romans were willing to pay one ounce of gold for one ounce of silk, | which placed a drain on their economy. In the Roman Empire senators and upper- class women wore delicate Chinese silk and referred to China as the land of Seres, or ‘‘ silk people ’’. The Romans were very eager to buy a large quantity of the beautiful fabric, the production of which had been kept a strict secret for centuries by Chinese. The Chinese people had lots of silk and spices and ivory, they had blue and white jars, had money shaped like shoe, silver ingot, a hole that allowed the coins to be threaded on a string, porcelain, tea, gemstones and incense.

5: From the east came jade, furs, ceramic and manufactured objects made of bronze and iron. Material culture exchange also took place on the great Silk road, such as grapes, clover, walnuts, carrots, beans, spinach, cucumbers, safflowers, pomegranates, a lot of rare animals and also a lot of flavorings.

6: There was a lot religions that were introduced to China. First there was Buddhism, Buddhist religion had been founded in India in the sixth century BC. Buddhism entered China through Dun Huang and Gansu Province, where a large complex of cave temples and sculptures can still be seen. Buddhism entered the inland of China but it was not until Eastern Han Dynasty. Lots of Chinese people traveled on the Silk Road to India to study sutras. They traveled | on the Silk Road to ancient India to study sutras, they added a lot of stuff to the propagation of Buddhism. Many monks were very important to Ancient Chinese people and the advance of Buddhism in China, this were monks like Zhu Shixing in the three kingdoms, Fa Xian and Kumrajva that was in the Han Dynasty and much more monks. Then was Zoroastrianism, it was from the 5th century BC all the way to the 1st century BC, this religion expanded all the way into the western region of China. This religion was once the state of | Persia. It was known as the first region passing through this area. This religion has disappeared but it was still carried on by Uygurs and the Tajiks. Manichaeism is a mixture of Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Christianity and had ancient Greek ideas. This religion had a great influence on people, it was very popular among people in China. Another religion was Islam, from the seventh century AD, Arab Muslims traveled China by the Silk Road or the sea route to spread Islam.

8: As you can see the Silk Road was very important to Chinese people, Roman people, Indian people and lot's more. If they wouldn't have the Silk Road then how would they meet more people? Or create new ideas? Or have many cultures? The Silk Road basically joined them together.

9: 1. Name two things that the Chinese traded along the Silk Road. 2. How many routes were there along the Silk Road? 3. Name two religions that were along the Silk Road. 4. How many miles was the Silk Road? 5. What was the main thing that they traded?

10: Works Cited Cotterell, Arthur. China. London: n.p., 1994. Print. “Culture of Silk Road.” Travel China Guide. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Mar. 2010. . Grotenhuis, Elizabeth Ten. Along the Silk Road. Washington D.C: Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, n.d. Print. Perkins, Dorothy. Encyclopedia of China. New York: Checkmark, 1999. Print. “The Silk Road.” Ancient China. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Mar. 2010. .

11: Desert Cammals and sunset Jade Map of the Silk Road Coin in ancient china Buddhism

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  • By: Juliana S.
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