2: A Presidents Early Life by Brandon Crowley Lyndon B. Johnson was born in Stonewall Texas on August 27, 1908. His parent’s names were Sam Ealy Johnson Jr. and Rebekah Baines Johnson. He attended school at Southwest Texas State in San Marcos. In the summers of his college life he taught at a Mexican American school in Texas. In 1931 Johnson went to Washington to be a secretary to Richard | Kleberg the Texas Congressman at the time. While there he met Claudia Alta Taylor and two months later would marry her. The date was November 17, 1934 in San Antonio. They would go on to have two daughters named Lynda Bird and Luci Baines. In the year 1935 Johnson became a State Director of the National Youth Administration in Texas. The (NYA) provided training for the unemployed youth of America. Then in 1937 he was elected to the
3: Tenth Congressional District and served 6 terms in the US House of Representatives. While he was a congressman his main focuses were rural electrification, elimination of government waste and public housing. In 1948 he was elected as a member of the senate and became Majority leader in 1955. He was part of many acts that Eisenhower passed including The Civil Rights Act of 1957, the National Aeronautics and the Space Act of 1958 and al so the National Defense education act of 1958. | John F. Kennedy was the democratic nomination to run for president in the 1960 election. Lyndon B Johnson was his running mate as vice president. John F. Kennedy was assassinated on November 22, 1963, and Lyndon B Johnson became the thirty-sixth president of The United States.
4: Domestic Issues By: Tori Peterson When John F Kennedy was president, he attempted to handle domestic issues, but was often shutdown. . After his assassination, Vice President Lyndon Johnson stepped up to the plate to be the president and began picking up the pieces. Although John F. Kennedy was one of the best presidents known to the United States, Lyndon Johnson accomplished | things that John F. Kennedy only talked about when it came to domestic issues. Before 1964, much discrimination was practiced in the United States due to religion, race, color, sex, or national origin. In general places that the average person would go on day to day bases, discrimination would be found at some point. Lyndon Johnson was not going to stand for this type of behavior under his presidency, so he signed the Civil Rights Act in 1964. This banned
5: programs that supported discrimination, and created new programs against discrimination such as the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. Lyndon Johnson wanted to permanently discourage discrimination so he created The Commission on Civil Rights that still exists today and always will. Not only did President Lyndon Johnson better Civil rights, he also did his best to improve the War on Poverty. He took many steps to attempt to fight | this ongoing battle. One of the major things Lyndon Johnson did was he signed the Economic Opportunity Act on August.20, 1964. Lyndon Johnson felt that the bill on Economic Opportunity was more meaningful than any other in his program. Lyndon Johnson along with the House of Representatives greatly supported helping this issue and America appreciated it as well. Another way to help the poor population in the U.S. was creating the Food Stamp Act only eleven
6: days later on August. 31,1964. This offered a healthier diet to poor families across the country that were constantly struggling on a daily basis. About one year later, Lyndon Johnson began formally addressing the issue of voting rights. On March.15, 1965, he delivered a speech to inform all of America how serious this matter really was. The speech was called “The American Compromise” also known as “The Voting Rights Message”. He asked for all types of Americans to | come together to better the rights for everyone and that nobody should be denied of their rights. This happened prior to Lyndon Johnson asking Congress for the right of all Americans to vote regardless of race or sex. Following this speech, he took action and signed the Voting Rights Act of 1965 on August.6, 1965. This allowed the Federal government to not take a voter’s registration into consideration. A voter was no longer denied he or she’s right in regards to color or race. Demanding
7: a literacy test or a poll tax in order to vote was also outlawed to prevent further discrimination. Another Benefit to The Voting Rights act was now people that were legal citizens of the United States, but could not speak the English language, still had the opportunity to vote. States could not create any of their own voting standards or voting requirements to be allowed to vote. To reinsure that this act would be practiced, penalties were given to any person that even attempted to | deprive a person of their right to vote. Before Lyndon Johnson signed the Immigration Act of 1965, a quota system was in order to issue a set number of people from each country that could migrate to the United States. The quota system showed the world a side of cruelty of America. This was changed on October. 3,1965. People all over the world were thankful for this bill, and now were granted the right to become an American citizen based on the skills
8: they obtained. Immigrants from countries throughout the world could now migrate to America regardless of how many people from their country already did. This not only benefited the immigrants that now had this privilege, but it improved our country as well by adding diversity, along with important job skills to improve America. This made America stronger and changed our reputation as a country. American was no long seen as a country that made it nearly impossible for the average person to | become an American citizen if he or she was not natively born there. Countries respected America for its change in heart. America even stated that Cuban citizens were eligible to become American citizens regardless of the feud that America had with Cuba. This showed how compassionate America really was. Another domestic issue living in America was medical service payments. Due to a low income, certain families may not of had the money
9: to pay for all medical expenses. Along with these families, elderly also had a very hard time paying for medical care. Due to old age, a person may not be to obtain a job. Also, an average elderly person most likely has many medical expenses. A great deal of the American population is sixty-five years old or older. About eighteen million citizens are within the age range. After this age is reached, only three dollars a month are required to be paid to the government. Hospital bills | are also helped paid for along with bills from nursing homes. This meant that the impact of an easier way to achieve the medical needs of these people was dramatic. This makes health care significantly difficult to pay for. This is why Lyndon Johnson came up with Medicare and Medicaid. He signed the social security amendments at a ceremony on July 30th, 1965. Citizens will obtain the right to insure themselves to be able to get the medical care that
10: is needed. Through a payment plan, each person makes installments in order to have the money whenever they need it to cover medical expenses. Lyndon Johnson did not want people to become sick due to the fact that they were not economically stable. The amendments gave low-income families and elderly people the health insurance that was desperately needed and appreciated. People could now be more productive with a healthier lifestyle. A better country was | created. Healthier citizens of America could achieve more opportunities, therefore one step closer to improving our country. People may say that looks don’t mean everything, but they defiantly mean something. The appearance of a country demonstrates the pride and confidence that it obtains. Lyndon Johnson wanted to keep America beautiful, with all the work that he was contributing to make America a better place for everyone. Even the most advanced science cant
11: replace natural landforms that were originally created. This is why America has to prevent all it can to keep the beauty alive. To keep junkyards from completely trashing the country, Lyndon sign the Highway Beautification Act on October.22nd, 1965. Along with controlling businesses such as Junkyards, this bill also encouraged scenic and roadside development. Lyndon Johnson took great interest in domestic issues throughout his presidency. Particularly in | civil rights, considering the fact that he did more for civil rights than any other president since Abraham Lincoln. He contributed to various domestic issues throughout America. Helping improve all of these issues improved the American country as well as the American people. Lives upon lives were changed on a daily basis due to all that President Lyndon Johnson did for America.
12: Johnson’s Foreign Policy By: Kitoko Chargois While Lyndon B. Johnson was active in domestic policy he was also active in foreign policy. Most of his foreign policy had to do with preventing the spread of communism. It was during his presidency that the war in Vietnam escalated. On August 2 and 4, 1964 the USS Maddox and the USS Turner Joy were attacked by North Vietnam in the Gulf of Tonkin. As a result | Congress passed the Tonkin Gulf Resolution on August 7. The Tonkin Gulf Resolution gave the president power to use all means necessary “to repel any armed attack against the forces of the United States. Soon Lyndon Johnson began sending in more troops to Vietnam. On April 7, 1965, Johnson gave his Peace Without Conquest speech which called for the economic development of Southeast Asia, and then in March, Operation Rolling Thunder began in an effort to destroy war industries in
13: North Vietnam, but while the war in Vietnam was going on Lyndon Johnson was also involved in other foreign policy issues. On April 28, 1965, the Dominican Republic Crisis took place. Fearing that the communists would take over the country, U.S. forces were deployed to the Dominican Republic when a rebellion broke out. On June 9, 1965 future foreign aid authorization to India and Pakistan were cut short. Then in January of 1967 the U.S. along with Great Britain, the USSR, and 57 | other nations signed the Outer Space Treaty. This treaty restricted the countries from using outer space for anything but peaceful intents. Unfortunately, trouble soon broke out again. On June 5, 1967 the six day war began between Israel and its neighbors Egypt, Jordan, and Syria. It was during this war that the hot line was used for the first time when Soviet Aleksei Kosygin used it to communicate with Johnson, calling for the Soviet Union and the U.S. to end the hostilities in the
14: Middle East. On June 10, Johnson responded to Kosygin with the news that Israel had agreed to a ceasefire. Meanwhile, no progress was being made in Vietnam. On January 30, 1968, the Vietnamese new year, the Tet Offensive took place. Disrupting the temporary ceasefire, North Vietnamese and Vietcong soldiers attacked U.S. forces in the South and invaded the U.S. embassy. Even at the end of Johnson’s presidency, the war was still waging in Vietnam.