FC: Slave trade in Africa was started by Portugal in the 1400s where they had a monopoly because no other country looked toward Africa for slave labor. By the late 1400s the Europeans needed slaves in America to work the large plantations.
1: When Europeans invaded Africa they took the country's most valuable resource, its people. More slaves were taken from the West and West-Central Africa during the Trans-Atlantic slave trade than any other part of Africa. Maps were used by the slave ships to navigate the rough oceans and coastal shore lines.
2: These are pictures of slaves waiting at the west shore line for pick up by the slave ships. The slaves were in bad condition because they were handcuffed and chained by their feet at all times.
3: At the peak of the slave trade tension and wars between neighboring tribes increased. Some African rulers would take their neighbors and sell them into slavery. In exchange they were given guns which helped them build strong states and dominate trade.
4: When slave raiders attacked small communities, economic life suffered. Strong, healthy young women, children and men were seized by the raiders. The raiders would take everyone but the sick and the elderly. Without strong hands to plant and harvest, many of the small communities disappeared.
5: A beautiful culture and its people were lost when the Europeans enslaved the Africans in their native land. This was the start of the down fall for Africa. The country had many riches, but its native people did not gain anything from it. When the Europeans came they never shared the wealth from human labor. The Africans in their own country were looked at as second class citizens. Even today, civil war, European laws, poverty, and little education has kept Africans from taking back their country.
6: Source Page www.slavevoyages.org www.africanhistory.about.com www.hitchcock.itc.virginia.edu Prentice Hall, World Cultures A Global Mosaic, pages 94-95