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United States New Beginnings

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S: United States New Beginnings Keenen Francois-King

FC: United States New Beginnings | By Keenen Francois-King

1: Table of Contents New Ideas.........................................2,3 Nature and Geographic.....................4,5 Social.................................................6,7 Political.............................................8,9 Economic.......................................10,11 Cultural..........................................12,13 Technological and Scientific........................................14,15 Conclusion.....................................16,17 Works Cited...................................18,19

2: Lewis and Clark were chosen to travel to the Pacific Ocean by the Missouri River and collect data on new plants and animals. They also recorded specific landmarks, waterways, and created maps. The results of this voyage helped us learn plant species that were safe to eat, where and how to grow crops, and routes to travel to the West. | New Ideas | Andrew Jackson was the President and leader behind the Spoils System at this time. The Spoils System became known as giving the supporters of the winning candidate of the Presidency election government jobs by replacing the previous employee with a supporter. Many people were furious with Jackson because he fired so many people at will and that the government was becoming a bureaucracy. The fired employees believed he was acting like a tyrant so they protested.

3: The Missouri Compromise was created on March 3, 1820. This compromised the argument of slavery in some states in the U.S. Some people and states believed that slavery was right and should be allowed but some believed that slavery was wrong and should be illegal. The final outcome of this compromise was that slavery became illegal above the 36 30' N lat. line except in the state of Missouri.

4: As Americans discovered more of North America, the country began to grow. People started moving towards the West which led to Native Americans being forced from their lands. It also led to construction of buildings and waterways such as the Erie Canal for transportation. This westward movement was good but was also bad for the Native Americans. | Nature and Geographic

5: As colonists began moving westward, the Native American's land was taken from them. The Native Americans were forced from their land and had to relocate to new places. | Lewis and Clark set out on their journey to explore the nature and geography of North America. They set out to find water routes to the Pacific Ocean. On their way they recorded landmarks, plants, animals, and created maps

6: Social | Colonists left their jobs on farms and began working in the mils to start making wages. There many types of mills from making cotton to candles. | American Indians were kicked from their lands when the Americans began moving west. The Trail of Tears is a widely known effect of westward expansion.

7: Andrew Jackson was elected president in 1828. Because he won the election he fired many people that worked for the government and gave their jobs to his supporters. This is called the Spoils System. Many people were angry with Jackson for this because he was firing people at will and they believed he was corrupting the U.S.

8: Political | Andrew Jackson was elected President in 1828. During his presidency, Jackson attempted to abolish the Second Bank of the United States. Jackson despised the bank and had many reasons for his desire to destroy it. Jackson succeeded in abolishing the bank in 1833 and remained President until 1837 when he retired.

9: The Mexican War was a war fought between Mexico and the U.S. It took place from April 25, 1846 to February 2, 1848. The U.S. strength was slightly less than triple the amount of Mexico's and the U.S. casualties were slightly more than half of Mexico's. The final outcome of this war was an American victory in which we claimed the land of Texas and more. Mexico agreed to having the Rio Grande as their national border.

10: Economic

11: During the 1800's people started leaving their land and farms to begin working in mills to start making wages. In these mills people made products such as tools, furniture, farm equipment, household items, clothing, cloth, candles, soap, and starch. They also canned berries, fruit, and cucumbers; baked; spun and sewed; and milked cows.

12: Cultural | Colonists of the U.S. began traveling west on the Oregon Trail in 1843. This was a 2,000 mile stretch leading to Oregon that more than half a million people traveled to set up a new life and find new land to live on in the West. Some people even traveled the 2,000 mile trail barefoot but most used covered wagons. Ruts from the wagons still exist today and people are trying hard to preserve these historic sites.

13: In January of 1848 John Marshall had a work crew on the American River building a saw mill for John Sutter. On the morning of January 24 Marshall found a few small gold nuggets. This began the migration of half a million people traveling to the west hoping to "strike it rich".

14: Technological and Scientific | The picture above left is a picture of the cotton gin. The cotton gin was invented in 1793 by a man named Eli Whitney. The purpose of the cotton gin was to cut down the time it took to separate the cotton seeds from the actual cotton. Before this invention, separating the cotton and seeds was a tedious job done by hand. The object in the photo above right is a water frame. The water frame was invented to spin thread by the power of water. This machine was invented by Richard Arkwright in Britain. In 1793 a man by the name of Samuel Slater brought the idea to the U.S. Slater had worked in a factory where Arkwright's invention had been used. Slater memorized the design of the machine, moved to the U.S., and began making the machines. He then used the machines in his own factory.

15: The above left photo is a picture of a power loom. The power loom was designed in 1784 by Edmund Cartwright and first built in 1785. The power loom was a machine designed to combine threads to make cloth. Unlike the regular loom, the power loom was steam-powered and mechanically operated. The above right photo is of a cotton mill where many men, women, and even children worked. Each making small wages to pay for a home and food. Many people were leaving there farm jobs to start working for wages in different types of mills.

16: Conclusion | Throughout the late 1700's until the mid-1800's there were many changes, ideas, inventions, and many other new things. Some people liked these changes made but others did not. American Indians were one example of who did not like the changes. The Indians did not like that Americans were moving westward and taking over their land, but most Americans loved this change because they found new land and made more money by exploring these lands. Many things have changed since those days. Now people can't just travel across America and claim land anywhere they want, people aren't allowed to kick others from their land, technology is much different, and there are many other major and minor changes since that time. The past is similar to the present in that the U.S. is still growing in population and possibly size, new inventions and ideas are thought of every day, and people travel around the U.S. to see new areas. American Indian lives were affected by the westward expansion of the Americans. Many were killed or booted from their land and many were forced into reservations. They could never live the same since the Americans began moving west and taking over their land. The Americans had better lives because of the American Revolution and people trying to break from Britain. They had new, free lives and they lived in a new land. The citizens of the U.S. viewed their world as a new and foreign land, but also superior. It was the new American land where they created new lives and all white people were free.

18: Works Cited | Appleby, Jayce Oldham., Alan Brinkley, Albert S. Broussard, James M. McPherson, and Donald A. Ritchie. The American Republic to 1877. New York: Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, 2005. Print.

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Keenen Francois-King
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