FC: America To Me... | Nubian Whitfield
1: Table of Contents | Lewis and Clark Expedition p 2 War of 1812 p 3 Erie Canal p 4 Eli Whitney p 5 Dred Scott p 6 Civil War p 7 Plessy v. Ferguson p 8 World War I p 9 Red Scare p 10 Pearl Harbor p 11 Nagasaki & Hiroshima p 12 Cold War p 13 Korean War p 14 Cuban Missile Crisis p 15 Vietnam War p 16 Space Race p 17 Martin Luther King Jr p 18 President Johnson p 19 Earth Day p 20 Iranian Hostage Crisis p 21 President Reagan p 22 Collapse of the Soviet Union p 23 9/11 p 24 President Obama p 25
2: Lewis and Clark Expedition | Lewis and Clark were sent to explore Louisiana and the western lands all the way to the Pacific Ocean in 1804. They charted the trails west, mapped rivers and mountains, wrote descriptions of unfamiliar plants and animals and recorded facts about various Native American tribes and customs. The Lewis and Clark expedition set the stage for settlement of the West, discovered new cultures and also led to active learning through exploration.
3: War of 1812 | In 1812, declared war on Great Britain. Americans objected restrictions Britain was enforcing to prevent neutral Americans from trading with France. Americans were also outraged by the British policy impressment, they also accused Britain of giving military support to Native Americans. Although there was no real winner, it ended all U.S military hostility with Great Britain. The war boosted American pride and cemented United States reputation as a powerful nation.
4: Erie Canal | The Erie Canal was built in 1825. It is the most famous canal built in this era. It connected the Great Lakes to the Atlantic Ocean. It opened up western New York and regions further west to increased settlement and it also helped unite new regions with the Atlantic states. It helped alot of business to come to New York, helping the economy.
5: Eli Whitney | Eli Whitney was a very famous inventor in the 1800s. His inventions played major parts in the Industrial Revolution. His cotton gin removed cotton plant seeds from cotton which allowed more cotton to be produced bringing alot of money to the South. His invention of interchangeable parts also helped to enable the modernization of weapons. Interchangeable parts replaced one part rather than replacing the whole machine which was kind of a form of mass production.
6: Dred Scott | Dred Scott was an African American slave whom claimed he was free because he lived in a free state. In 1857, the Supreme Court issued the Dred Scott decision ruling that no African American, even if free, could ever be a U.S citizen. The Dred Scott decision gave slavery protection under the U.S constitution.
7: Civil War | The Civil War was a war fought between the Union (North) and the Confederacy (South) in 1861. It is considered one of the most important wars fought because it finally resolved a long time issue of slavery, finally dedicating to the idea that all men are created equal. It also reunited the country and defined what America is suppose to be. . .FREE
8: Plessy v. Ferguson | In 1896, the United States Supreme Court ruled that segregation was legal as long as it was "separate but equal". This ruling was very important because it legalized discrimination against blacks. African Americans that sought for FULL social and economic equality formed the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP).
9: World War I | World War I began in Europe in 1914. The Luxury liner Lusitania was sunk by a German submarine, killing a majority of the people on board. This led to conflict between the U.S and Germany that would only be abandoned if Germany agreed to stop unrestricted submarine warfare, but they did not. World War I created jobs in Northeastern and Midwestern cities. Laws were passed after WWI such as the Espionage Act and the 18th and 19th amendments.
10: Red Scare | The Red Scare was the fear of international communism in 1920. It was important because it led to new restrictions on immigration and also brought America closer together as a unit. Americans began to think that people born in America were superior to the immigrant.
11: Pearl Harbor | December 7, 1941, Japan launched a surprise attack on the U.S Naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. It was important because it officially brought the United States into WWII. Fears of spies and sabotage led to prejudice and violence against Japanese Americans. Many of them were sent to internment camps.
12: Nagasaki & Hiroshima | On August 6, 1945, the United States dropped an atomic bomb on the city of Hiroshima, Japan. Just three days later on August 9th another atomic bomb was dropped on Nagasaki, Japan. These bombs killed tens of thousands of innocent people. The importance of these bombings is it ended WWII.
13: Cold War | The Cold War was a rivalry between the Soviet Union and the United States in 1947. It was not necessarily a military war but more of a war to see who was more powerful. The Americans greatly feared communism and the Soviet Union was a communist country. Both wanted to expand their systems on a global scale leading to conflict. The Cold War was important because it showed which country was more powerful and more intellectual.
14: Korean War | In 1950, the U.S went to war against the communist government of North Korea. It began when the troops of North Korea invaded South Korea. Even though there was no real winner, it was important because the U.S developed the Domino Theory. It was also the first real war during the Cold War.
15: Cuban Missile Crisis | The Cuban Missile Crisis was when the Soviets built military missile launch sites in Cuba and installed missiles in 1962. It was the closest we had ever gotten to a nuclear war. The Soviets agreed to move their missiles. It showed a massive amount of courage because the U.S told a power country like the Soviet Union which move to make.
16: Vietnam War | The Vietnam War was a struggle for control of Vietnam in 1955. U.S policy makers believed that if Vietnam came to be ruled by a communist government, communism would spread throughout Southeast Asia. It is important because it was the first war that the U.S lost. It was also the first "Media War" which in turn divided the American people about war which was also a first.
17: Space Race | October 1957, the Soviets launched Sputnik, the first man made satellite into space. Americans feared falling behind and began to compete, thus starting the Space Race. It was a way to show the world which system was better and which country was more intellectual. July 20, 1969, an American astronaut was the first man to step foot on the moon. At that moment, the United Stated had won the Space Race.
18: Martin Luther King Jr. | Martin Luther King Jr. was a civil rights activist in 1963. He delivered his most famous "I Have A Dream" speech addressing the issues of segregation and promoting civil equality. He is very important because his non violent acts towards racial equality helped create widespread support for the Civil Rights Act which prohibited discrimination based on race, religion, and gender.
19: President Johnson | During the 1964 speech, President Johnson summed up his vision for America in the phrase the "Great Society". His programs would give all Americans a better standard of living. The Medicare program was an important legacy as are policies and programs that sought to improve education, protect the environment, and reform immigration policies.
20: Earth Day | On April 22, 1970, the very first Earth Day was celebrated in the U.S. Earth Day is the largest, most wide spread celebrated international environmental event. It makes people more aware of the environment and helps protect the Earth.
21: Iranian Hostage Crisis | In 1979, a group of Iranian radicals invaded the U.S embassy and held 52 Americans hostage. It lasted 444 days and the hostages were released after the election of Ronald Reagan. It was responsible for a surge in American patriotism.
22: President Reagan | Ronald Reagan was the president for much of the 1980s. Reaganomics was the name given for Reagan's economic policy which included budget cuts, tax cuts and increased defense. By cutting budgets, his policy hurt lower-income Americans and lead to a depression. His biggest failure was the Iran-Contra scandal in 1986, where Administration officials sold weapons to Iran violating more laws by using the money from those arms to fund a rebellion in Nicaragua. This helped change American policies.
23: Collapse of the Soviet Union | The Soviet Union's last leader set up policies allowing freedom of speech and press putting the U.S.S.R on the path to a democratic government. It got out of the leader's control and eventually led the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991. The collapse was very important because it left the United States as the last man standing proving that the U.S was the stronger nation and also ended the Cold War.
24: 9/11 | On September 11, 2001 the United States World Trade Center Twin Towers were attacked by terrorists. It is very important because it made the United States more protective and defensive. It also caused alot of racial discrimination against Muslims. It helped to stricken the Homeland Security. It also brought the country together as one.
25: President Obama | Barack Obama was elected president in 2009. He is very important in history by being the first African American president. He has really is already impacting America by passing the heath care reform, ending war in Iraq, improving school nutrition and eliminating Osama Bin Laden, just to name a few. He is continuing to better society one step at a time.