FC: Reformer Book | Rushi Marthala
1: There were four main topics in the reform: Education, Industry/Labor,Abolitionists, and Art/Literature. There were many Improvements made to the education system and the movement for tax funded schools. There were several new inventions which revolutionized industry and trade. The movement for Abolition was in full swing. Also, a new American style of art and Literature was formed. The reform forever changed American history.
2: Education | Many changes were made to education, There were tax funded schools and and people were educated so they would be able to vote properly. Many colleges and universities were formed and attendance was on the rise. Educational opportunities for women increased, and more women went to seminaries. Overall the literacy of the United states increased, as did the knowledge of the masses.
4: Mary Lyon | - She FoundedMount Holyoke Female Seminary, the first female college -She was Principal for 12 years - Her vision for Mount Holyoke fused intellectual challenge and moral purpose. -She valued socioeconomic diversity and endeavored to make the seminary affordable for students of modest means
5: Prudence Crandall | - She was a Quaker - She opened a private school in Canterbury, COnnecticut - She admitted African American girls into her school. - Sadly due to racism, violence, and lack of funding she had to shut down the school.
6: Horace Mann | -He was the 1st Massachusetts Board of Education Secretary - Established teacher training programs Instituted curriculum reform - doubled state spending -More kids learned how to read | -Although he began the movement for tax supported public school to benefit everyone, he faced a multitude of opponents.
7: Industry/Labor | There were many new advancements in America. The economy was supported through new and innovative ways to get products, but the western land was raped for resources
8: Samuel FB Morse | -The inventor of the Telegraph - Invented Morse code - At first he used copper wires but later switched to using electrical impulses. - The first words typed were "what hath god wrought". - He revolutionized the information delivery system in the U.S. - He lacked funding in the beginning and had to fight that the invention was his.
9: Robert Fulton | - Partnered with Livingston he built the first commercially successful steamship, the Clermont. - It ran between Albany,NY and New York, NY - It made the 150 mile trip in 32 hours. - Canal construction increased due to his ship design - Transportation prices were cheaper so commercial goods were easier to purchase.
10: - He developed a process to vulcanize rubber in 1839 - He received a patent for it in 1844 - The new rubber was used for shoes, life preservers, and other rubber goods that consistently spoiled or got damaged over time due to outside influences. - He had lengthy patent battles with several other vulcanized rubber inventors | Charles Goodyear
11: Abolitionists | There were many abolitionists throughout the reform, The north was constantly clamoring about ending slaver, and the south resisted. At the time 60% of the countries economy was dependant on the slave run cotton business, and these constant squabbles between the north and south would eventually cause the civil war.
12: William L. Garrison | - He wanted to outlaw slavery - Was a radical whit abolitionist -He wrote "the Liberator" a abolitionist newspaper that called for immediate emancipation - He was one of the founders of the New England Anti Slavery Society, and the American anti slavery society. - He condemned Churches for not ending slavery -As a fervent abolitionist he faced discrimination and insults
13: - He was an outspoken African American abolitionist who demanded immediate emancipation - He wrote the Appeal to the Colored Citizens of the World - He said that black slaves should fight for their freedom - help to encourage other blacks to speak out -The Appeal inspired blacks and whites in the abolitionist movement - As a black abolitionist he was inevitably under incessant racism and abuse from society. | David Walker
14: Frederick Douglass | -He was a former slave -He was taught to read and write - He believed that knowledge was they key to freedom -He escaped slavery and became a key figure for abolitionists - He published the 'North Star", an abolitionist newspaper - He broke from Garrison's precedent and took a more radical approach
15: Arts/Literature | A new era of arts and Literature was ushered in by the reform movement. THere were several different new pieces of literature and art that expressed the American point of view.
16: Edgar Allen Poe | - He was a suspense writer -He was the first American suspense writer - He wrote about the dark side of life - Was a unique American author, he did not copy other styles. - He wrote poems like "the Telltale Heart" and " Annabelle Lee"
17: Nathaniel Hawthorne | - He wrote "Scarlet Letter" - He accepted the world as an immoral place - He attacked the transcendentalists and Utopians, denying their values. -Much of Hawthorne's writing centers on New England, many works featuring moral allegories with a Puritan inspiration - His fiction works are considered dark romanticism
18: Herman Melville | -He wrote novels - "Moby Dick" is one of his more famous novels - He is considered to be America's first great novelist - His books never really gained attention and fame till far after his death.
19: There were four main areas in the reform, Education, Labor/Industry, Abolitionists, and Art/Literature. Many changes were made to education, and many colleges and universities were formed, and educational opportunities for women increased.Overall the literacy of the United states increased, as did the knowledge of the masses. New and innovative ways to get products helped bolster the economy, but the western land was raped for resources. The abolitionist cause was fervent throughout the reform, and the north was constantly clamoring about ending slavery while the south resisted. The cotton kingdom run by slaves accounted for 60% of the nations economy . The slavery issue would eventually cause the Civil War. Also, the reform ushered in a new era of art and literature, each new unique piece expressed American ideals. The reform greatly changed the course of American history