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Victoriaa. - Page Text Content

1: This mixbook was created by Victoria Waddell in Digital Communications. (=

2: To grasp the concept in a fun and entertaining way we made our own purchase requisitions. We got to order ten M&m's

4: Purchase orders To learn the concept of how things are packaged and shipped we did it ourselves. We each were given a card and had to make a purchase

6: Objective one is titled Computer Fundamentals. It contains information about: -Three components of a computer system. -Four types of software -Four types of hardware -Viruses

7: Digital Communications Objective 1: Three components of a computer system The three componts of a computer system are hardware, systems software and application. -We will learn about hardware a little later. Systems Software is the manager and the

8: Digital Communications Objective I: Four Types of Software. We learned about the four classes of software and how they are used. They are: Freeware, Shareware, Public Domain and Commercial Software. *Public Domain Software is software that everyone has access to.It is not copywrited. *Freeware is software that is free and everyone has access to it and is not copywrited. *Shareware is software that lets you have a trial then requires you to the full price. *Commercial Software is software that is copywrited and cannot be shared. To use this software you have to pay money.

9: Digital Communications Objective 1: Four types of hardware *To help us remember the types of hardware we made a robot face. In it it had our input devices which are thins such as keyboards and a mouse. Then we had our output devices, a printer or even a monitor! Next was the CPU, which is the brain of a computer. It contains the Random access memory (RAM) and the cache. Finally, the storage devices. These are things like a hard drive or memory stick.

10: Digital Communications Objective 1: Virus A virus is a program that is intended to maliciously harm your computer. There are four types of viruses. THey are: 1.Bomb-has a specific time that it goes off. 2.Worm-burrows down and eats into things and destroys memory/bytes. 3.Phage- database, operating system, PDA 4.Trojan Horse- something that looks like something good, but hides something bad. 5.Hoax- Trick; plot. It tricks you into putting a virus onto much needed; important file. Antivirus software scans all of your files for viruses. This protects your computer.

11: Objective three is titled Speech Recognition. It contains information about: -Speech Vocabulary! (:

12: Here are some of the vocabulary we learned. Accent- way of speaking that is characteristic of a geographic region Carpal tunnel syndrome – painful, inflammatory condition that affects the carpal or wrist portion of the median nerve. Often associated with repetitive actions such as typing. Can be caused by this court, where hereditary conditions that inflamed tendon to around the nerve disrupting and functioning in resulting in numbness and pain. Dictation men – enables users to dictate text into a computer application Language bar – speech recognition or voice control center providing easy access to speech and handwriting recognition tools and Microsoft office. New Line Command-Ends the current line of text and moves the insertion point to the next line. New Paragraph –End the paragraph and move the insertion point to the next line. Generally, there’s more white space between paragraphs than lines within a paragraph.

13: Phrase – group of words that express an idea. Profile –special file that collects data about a user speech patterns. A user profile enables the speech recognition system to store speech patterns and vocabulary for individual speakers. Scratch That-voice command that erases the last word or phrase dictated. Speech Vocabulary-List of words a speech recognition program recognizes. Only words in the vocabulary can be displayed. Speech dictionary-Contains words recognized by CSR software. Speech dictionaries containing over 300,000 words are now common. Train-Process in which a user reads a sample script aloud, enabling the speech recognition system to record an individual’s unique speech patterns, increasing the accuracy of the conversation from spoken words to the text.

14: Objective four is titled Alternative Input Devices. It contains information about: -Handheld Computers -Sensors -Phone Generations -Webcams -The Puck -Tablets -Digital Cameras -Touch Screens

15: Handheld Computer A handheld computer (also known as a cell phone device, mobile device, and Pocket PC) is a pocket-sized computing device, typically having a display screen with touch input or a miniature keyboard. Typically a handheld computer has touch screen or a very small keyboard. You can access the web from anywhere. You can also watch movies and TV programs. Some handheld computers have multimedia and text messaging capabilities

16: Sensors Device that measures a physical quality and converts it into signal which can be read by an observer or by an instrument. For example, a mercury-glass thermometer converts the measured temperature into expansion and contraction of a liquid which can be read on a calibrated glass tube. We use sensors everyday. They are in the bathrooms, in stores, even at our schools. Soap dispensers, automatic light switches and many more things have sensors.

17: Phone Generations 1G signifies first-generation wireless analog technology standards that originated in the 1980s, analog cellular service was called AMPS ( Analog Mobile Phone Service). 1G wireless networks used analog radio signals. Through 1G, a voice call gets modulated to a higher frequency of about 150MHz and up as it is transmitted between radio towers. This is done using a technique called Frequency-Division Multiple Access.

18: 2G signifies second-generation wireless digital technology. In the second generation they used mobile phone systems such as GSM (Global System for Mobile communications). The second generation also introduced another form of communicating; SMS, also known as text messaging. The first person-to-person SMS text message was sent in Finland in 1993.

19: 3G is a wireless technology that has such enhanced features as high-speed transmission, advanced multimedia access and global roaming, it allows you to get IP access while being mobile with your wireless device. The 3G network also increases the rate of information transfer known as spectral efficiency. 3g either comes with your phone or you can add a 3g SIM card.

20: Webcams A webcam is a video capture device connected to a computer or computer network, usually through a USB port or, if connected to a network, Wi-Fi or Ethernet. Their most popular use is video chatting, which can also include online conferences. Webcams are also used for security purposes. The first webcam was pointed at the Trojan room coffee pot in the computer science department of Cambridge University.

21: The Puck A puck is a highly accurate mouse-like device used to draw on a tablet. Most people use this instead of a regular stylus because a stylus has a button on it that will act like a mouse button , and therefore not be as accurate as using a puck.

22: GPS A GPS is a U.S.-Space based navigational system. It provides reliable positioning, navigation and timing services to civilian users on a worldwide basis. It is freely available to all. Anyone can use a GPS. For anyone who has a GPS system, GPS can provide accurate location and time, information for an unlimited number of people in all weather, day and night, anywhere in the world. Most people who own a GPS travel a lot or just have no sense of direction, and find reading a map confusing!

23: Touch Screen A touch screen is a device in which it detects the presence and location within the display area allowing the user to interact with it. Touch screens can occur in: Cell phones Computers/laptops Music devices Cameras PDAs Satellite navigation Video games ATMs. Cash Registers

24: The touch screen has become very popular in the 21st century. It was used more by young adults and teenagers. Most older people do not understand the technology and its complex method of operation. Most younger people grew up with technology and understand its functions very well. Touch screens are very easy to use if you know what your doing. At times they can be very frustrating if misused. The touch screen can stop working and become useless. They are very sensitive.

25: Objective 9: Leadership. We learned about the line. You can be above it and have an accountability trait. The steps are: -seeing it, seeing the truth of the situation; -owning it, becoming accountable for your actions; -solving it, find a solution for the problem; -doing it, take responsibility for the results.

26: Below the line. When you are below the line you are victimizing. You feel a loss of control, blame others for your actions, unwilling to ask questions, become defensive and sometimes avoid people. This isn't the way to go.

27: Letter Notes -Business Letters- Representing a company, or a business -Personal Business Letters- Representing yourself In block style, everything starts on the left margin. *Margins 1” side margins 2” top margin or may be centered vertically with Center Page feature 1” bottom margin You don't have to indent paragraphs in modified block style.

28: Special Parts of a Business Letter -Mailing notations (certified, registered, special delivery) -Attention line (above the letter address) -Subject line (double spaced; between salutation and body) -Copy notation ( who gets a copy of it) Postscript (after writing)

29: Punctuation -Open = no punctuation after salutation and complimentary close. -Complementary= complete each other. -Mixed=punctuation *comma- complimentary close *colon-salutation

30: *When we were learning about about letterhead we were asked to make a logo for ourselves. We all made one and put it on the letterhead. *We did two activity on fonts. -We had a matching game where we matching up the definition with the term. -Also there was an activity where we had to

31: read the sentence and follow the instructions for changing the font.

32: In Digital Communications we were assigned to write two letters. One was to our favorite teacher. We were to tell them why they were our favorite teacher. The other letter was to our favorite adult that is not a teacher. I wrote about my mom.

33: Unbound Reports Typically short reports prepared without binders or covers. A multi-page report may be held together by paper clip or staple.

34: Margins for unbound reports: Top margin of first page is 2” Top margin on succeeding pages is 1” Side margins are 1” Bottom margin is 1”, but may vary depending on page break decisions. Avoid windows and orphans.

35: Center the title of the report in ALL CAPS, then quadruple space after the tile before beginning the body of the report. Double space the body of the report. Side headings are underlined and keyed in initial caps. Paragraph headings are indented .5” from the left margin and end with a period. Capitalize the 1st letter of the 1st word only.

36: Key the references/bibliography on the last page or on a separate page of the report in hanging-indent style. To cite sources, use textual citations within the report or key endnotes on the last page or on a separate page in hanging indent style. Page numbers (usually preceded by a last name) are located at the top right margin, .5” from the top, followed by a double space. The first page is usually not numbered. You only cite sources that are quoted or paraphrased. If it is a direct or almost quote, then you need to cite your source and give that person credit. References and citing are different. Reference-you don’t have to cite everything; you have to key a reference Citing-you have to cite anything that is quote or paraphrased

37: Bound Report (Business) Typically longer reports are bound with covers or binders.

38: Top, right and bottom margins are the same as for an unbound report. The left margin is increased to 1.5” to accommodate the binding.

39: Academic Style Bound/Unbound Reports No title page is used for Academic style reports. Instead, key a heading in the top left corner on the first page. Double space between lines and include the following Name of Student Name of Instructor Course Title Date in military style ( 21 November 2004) Double –space the body of the report-no exceptions!

40: Outlines A type of enumeration that organizes information

41: The top margin is 2” or vertically centered. All other margins are the same as the report. Main and side entries or headings are used to organize information. Enumeration-numbering systems

42: Formatting for Main Entries in an Outline Preceded by capital Roman numerals (I, II, III, etc.) Use ALL CAPS or initial caps and bold. Double space before and after a main entry.

43: Formatting for Secondary Entries in an Outline Preceded by capital letters (A, B, C, ect.) Key important words in initial caps. Lower level entries are preceded by Arabic numbers (1, 2, 3, ect.) and lower-case letters (a, b, c, ect.) Only capitalize the 1st letter of the 1st word when keying these. Single space all secondary entries.

44: Title Page (Cover Page) Only a business Report (not an Academic Report) should include a Title Page. Center the page horizontally and vertically. Include the following information (minimum): -Report Title -Writer's Name -Date The course name and teacher's name may also be included.

45: Table of Contents An outline of the side and paragraph headings in a report with their respective page numbers Follows the Title Page Margins are the same as for the report (using a 2” top margin). Center the heading in ALL CAPS. Each entry refers to a major section and should be keyed in initial caps. Use right aligned tabs for crating leaders fro the entry to its respective page number. Number the page at the bottom center using lowercase Roman numerals ( i, ii, iii, ect)

46: The sequence continues with: Primary Secondary Tertiary Quaternary Quinary Senary Septenary octonary Nonary Denary

47: Bibliography A listing of the material used in the report (textual citations, footnotes, endnotes, and related material which may have been used but not cited), located at the end of the report

48: Bibliography Formatting Margins are the same as for the report (using a 2” top margin). Center the title in ALL CAPS followed by a quadruple space. (Proceed by QS if references begin after the report body on the same page.) List references in alphabetical order by author last name.

49: Include a page number at the top right. Single space each entry; Double space between entries. Key each entry using a hanging indent ( 1st line begins at left margin; subsequent lines are indented by .5”) Underline or italicize books, magazines, and newspaper titles. Use quotation marks around titles or articles poetry, and essays.

50: We made a table of the students in our class. In the table it had the featured information: Last name, the name that they are called, Gender, Grade, period, month of birthday, day and year.

51: This is the end of the second six nine weeks. :)

52: Definitions Job Applications- An employment form used by employers to document information pertaining to job applicants. They cannot ask you: oAge oSexual Orientation oReligion oPolitical Party oHandicap oHealth Problems oWeight

53: Resume Usually a one-page document a resume is a summation document which usually outlines six major areas describing an applicant This is something that you make. Do not make one resume and sent it to everyone. Base the information content on how it best fits the company. -Purchase Requisition (Request) A form to be completed by individuals within a business to request that items or services be purchased; basically a wish list

54: Purchase Order A form prepared by a business (buyer) and sent to another business (seller/supplier) to order items or services. Combine them to a purchase order to save many and get better deals. Invoice A form that the seller/ supplier completes and sends to the buyer during the month indication how much is owed for items bought or services rendered and the due date for payment/payment terms.

55: Flyers A one-page document created to inform individuals of an event or occasion. No response is usually required. Can be sent to individuals within a targeted interest group, but may also be posted for the general public to view. Incitation A document sent to specified individuals to inform them and request their presence at an event or occasion. A response (reply) is often required to indicate whether or not the individual(s) will attend.

56: Announcement A document created to inform individuals of an event or occasion. No response is usually required, often sent to individuals within a targeted interest group. Agenda Includes the order of topics to be covered at a meeting and the individuals responsible for each topic Enhancements Visual additions to attract a reader's attention to specific text

57: Minutes A summary of the events and business conducted during a meeting. The official record of a meeting, generally kept by the secretary of the organization Itinerary A list which includes the dates, times, schedules, lodging, and method of travel to be used on a trip Orientation The determination of how material is arranged on a page Portrait-taller than wide Landscape-wider than tall

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Victoria Waddell
  • By: Victoria W.
  • Joined: over 9 years ago
  • Published Mixbooks: 1
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About This Mixbook

  • Title: Victoriaa.
  • This is a summary of the information that we learn in Digital Communications Class.
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  • Published: over 9 years ago