BC: Vietnam Storybook Anna Wilson April 4, 2013 1:50 Class
FC: Vietnam Storybook By: Anna Wilson
1: Buddhist Protests (1962-1963) | One of the most pronounced protests would be when a Buddhist monk went out and sat down in the middle of the intersection. Two other monks poured gasoline on him and he set himself on fire. One of the labels that this horrific event had was "A Buddhist priest dies to oppose U.S. imperialism and its influence in Vietnam. | Buddhist monks staged several protests but one major one was the protest at Xa Loi Pagoda. This protests was when the Buddhist monk set himself on fire. This event lasted several hours and was the only emotional public gathering since Diem's rise to power. Diem was concerned with the welfare of the monks and he did not want any of them hurt. The State Department issued a statement declaring that the raids were a "direct violation" to "a policy of reconciliation" which were promised to be pursued. | Browne, Malcolm. "PBS." The Buddhist Protests of 1963. N.p.. Web. 5 Apr 2013. | "History.com." Buddhist immolates himself in protest. N.p.. Web. 5 Apr 2013.
2: Overthrow and Assassination of Diem (1963) | Many people in South Vietnam opposed the way the Diem controlled their government. Major events like the Buddhist protests were proof of how they opposed what he was doing. The United States eventually realized that Diem's government was hopeless. People described it was corrupt, incompetent, and dictatorial. Nobody truly respected how he was doing things. Within a few months after the Buddhist protests, Diem was overthrown and assassinated. The Americans were distressed at his death and wanted him to live but it was not safe for him to stay alive. | Moise, Edwin. "The Vietnam Wars." The Fall of Ngo Dinh Diem. N.p., 4 11 1998. Web. 5 Apr 2013. | Ngo Dinh Diem was the first president of South Vietnam. Diem led the effort to create the Republic of Vietnam because of the French withdrawal from Indochina. He was assassinated on November 2, 1963. | "Britannica." Ngo Dinh Diem. N.p.. Web. 5 Apr 2013.
3: Gulf of Tonkin Incident (1964) | The Gulf of Tonkin Incident in 1964 was a clash between naval forces of the United States and the Democratic Republic of North Vietnam. The United States was an ally to South Vietnam and the U.S. started to worry that South Vietnam was losing its fight against Communist VIet Cong guerrillas. Americans then decided to put in military pressure on Ho Chi Minh's government in North Vietnam. Attempts to destroy bridges and other military targets in North Vietnam failed for lack of good intelligence about the enemy's key military installations and operating methods. The navy in Hanoi started sending out their navy to attack the slower American ships. | "Britannica." Gulf of Tonkin Resolution. N.p.. Web. 5 Apr 2013. Tonkin Gulf Crisis, August 1964. N.p.. Web. 5 Apr 2013. | The picture to the left is a ship that the United States used for South Vietnam.
4: "Operation Rolling Thunder" (1965) | Operation Rolling Thunder was a bombing campaign that was frequently interrupted. The Air Force and Navy aircraft in the United States engaged in a bombing campaign to force Ho Chi Minh to abandon his decision to take over South VIetnam. The campaign was designed to show Hanoi that America was determined. In the view of the Air Force leadership, the campaign did not have a concise objective. | "Spartacus." Operation Thunder. N.p.. Web. 5 Apr 2013. | "Global Security." Operation Thunder. N.p.. Web. 7 Apr 2013.
5: March 8, 1965 | "History.com." This Day in History. N.p.. Web. 7 Apr 2013. | On March 8th, 1965, U.S Marines landed at Da Nang. The marines were deployed to secure the U.S airbase which freed South Vietnamese troops up for combat. The chief of the Armed Forces Council, Nguyen Van Thieu, approved that the Marines could go land in Vietnam but they needed to "be brought ashore in the most inconspicuous was feasible. Unlike what he wanted, his wishes were ignored and the Marines were given a hearty, conspicuous welcome when they landed.
6: Tet Offensive | . Tet Offensive. Clemson University. Web. 7 Apr 2013. | "US History." The Tet Offensive. N.p.. Web. 7 Apr 2013. | Tet is a Buddhist holiday where over 80,000 Vietcong troops emerged from their tunnels and attacked nearly every huge city in South Vietnam. At the American base in Danang and at the American embassy in Saigon, surprise attacks took place. The South Vietnamese army and U.S. ground forces recaptured all of the lost territory. The showdown between the Vietcong and United States was a military victory for the United States.
7: My Lai Massacre (and Phoenix Program) | "PBS." My Lai Massacre. N.p.. Web. 7 Apr 2013. | "CIA." Phoenix Program . N.p.. Web. 7 Apr 2013. | The Phoenix Program was a set of programs that sought to attack and destroy the political infrastructure of the Lao Dont Party in South Vietnam. The information that was obtained by the press was false to the program was misunderstood most of the time. | My Lai is in the South Vietnamese district of Son My which is a heavily mined area where the Vietcong were deeply entrenched. The "search and destroy" mission ended up degenerating into a massacre of over 300 unarmed civilians including women, children, and the elderly. The American public didn't receive word of the atrocities and gruesome events going on until later.
8: Vietnamization | Vietnamization was a policy put in place by the Richard Nixon administration. It was a result of the Viet Cong's Tet Offensive so they could expand, equip, and train South Vietnam's forces and assign them to a combat role. After Nixon's election in 1968, Vietnamization became the policy of the United States. | Richard Nixon was the 37th president who put Vietnamization in place and he was the only president to resign the office.
9: Women During the War | Women served on active duty doing various jobs during the Vietnam war. The Army Nurse Corps (ANC) launched Operation Nightingale which was an intensive effort to recruit nurses to serve in Vietnam. Most of the women who were recruited came from working class or middle class families and most of them were white Catholics and Protestants.