S: Virginia Studies by Henry
BC: 2011 Copyright by Henry
FC: Virginia Studies | by Henry
1: Maryland, West Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee, and North Carolina are states that border Virginia | The Atlantic Ocean and the Chesapeake Bay are two bodies of water that border Virginia
2: The five regions of Virginia are the Coastal Plain (Tidewater) region, the Piedmont Region, the Blue Ridge Mountains, the Valley & Ridge, and the Appalachian Plateau
3: There are four major rivers in Virginia. First it's the Potomac River, then there's the Rappahannock River, and next is the York River and lastly, the James river | There's also five cites on the rivers. First is Alexandria which is on the Potomac. The city of Fredericksburg is on the Rappahannock. Yorktown is on the York River. Both Richmond and Jamestown are on the James River.
4: Artifacts are thing that are from ancient times that tell us about how it was like long time ago. They are founded by mostly Archaeologists.
5: Werowocomoco was an important trading site for Powhatan Indians. | The Indian wore anything that came from nature that would keep them warm.Their diet changed with the seasons
6: One was the Powhatan tribe. They lived in the Tidewater Region and spoke Algonquin. | Another was the Monacan tribe. They spoke Sioun and lived in the Piedmont Region | Lastly, there was the Cherokee tribe. They lived in the Appalachian Plateau and North Carolina. They spoke Iroquoian. | There were three major tribes in Virginia | C M P I S A A P T
7: Reasons why did the colonists chose Jamestown for their settlement | One reason was that their location was good because they could be easily defended an attack from sea | Another reason is that they had deep enough water to dock their ships | The last one was that they believed that they had fresh water and food like this rabbit shown above
8: One was Disease | Another was Indians | Another was that there was no fresh water | Lastly, there was starvation | The colonists faced many hardships at Jamestown
9: Christopher Newport sailed the three ships to "The New World" | Pocahontas supported the Jamestown settlement by convincing her father to help the colonist | Captain John Smith was the greatest leader of the settlement in the 1600's because he lead the colonist through many hardships. | Those ships were the Godspeed, the Discovery, and the Susan Constant
10: In 1619 King James I sent a charter that stated that the colonist could make a government. The governor and colonists met in a meeting called the General Assembly | In 1643, a government was made. It was called the House of Burgesses.
11: They changed the capital from Jamestown to Williamsburg because Jamestown burned down and Jamestown was a very swampy land. | They moved the capital from Williamsburg to Richmond because the population was moving west and that the colonist wanted the capital more farther away from the British ships.
12: The French & Indian war was a major war. Usually the French was the biggest power in the "New Would," but when the British defeated the French and the Indians, England was the new "biggest power". However, the price was humongous-$130,000,000.
13: In 1764 the king ordered a taxes to pay his $130,000,000 debt. It was called the Sugar Act. It stated that you have to pay taxes on sugar, and pay more taxes on coffee, indigo, and certain kinds of wine. However, the colonists just boycotted those goods. | The king saw what was happening and called of the act, but he put another tax. It was called the Stamp Act. It stated that you had to have a stamp on any printed paper. The stamps, of course cost money. Stubbornly the colonist boycott it again. | So, the king called it back and sent a new tax that put taxes on glass, lead, paints, paper, and tea. It was called the Townshend Acts. The colonist did the same again. England called off all taxes except tea. | Taxes
14: On March 5,1770 a number of British troops shot at an angry mob of colonist, killing five colonists. An organization called the Sons of Liberty dumped tea into Boston Harbor in December 16, 1773.
15: George Washington was the leader of the Continental Army and after the war he was the president of the U.S.A | Charles Cornwallis was the leader of the Royal Army (England's army) | VS | George Washington | Charles Cornwallis
16: General George Washington was the leader and the first president of the United States of America. We won the Revolution because of him. | Jack Jouett rode horseback 40 miles to Monticello to warn Patrick Henry & Thomas Jefferson that the British were coming. | James Armistead Lafayette was a very close friend for Cornwallis, but he was actually a spy for the colonists | Here are some important patriots
17: Paul Revere rode horseback through the night to wake the minute men so they could intersect the British that were coming. | Patrick Henry encouraged the colonist to fight for freedom by giving speeches and sayings. two of he most famous sayings were, "Give me freedom or give me death" and "Taxation without Representation" | Thomas Jefferson was the author of the Declaration of Independence and America's third president | Here are some more important patriots
18: African slaves were divided in the war. England promised the slaves freedom, but still some joined the Continental Army.
19: Women proved support in the war by farming, making clothes, & caring for the sick.
20: The Battle of Saratoga was a major battle for the Americans. It proofed that because it was the turning point of the war. | The Battle of Yorktown was the most important because the British surrendered because they were surrounded by the Continental Army and the French fleet | The Battle of Bunker Hill was an important battle. Although we lost it, the British actually lost 1000 soldiers! | The Battle of Lexington and Concord was the first battle of the American Revolution. The British beat the colonist and continued to march on to Concord.
21: The Treaty of Paris was an official document that sated the end of the war. Britain signed it so it won't lose all of its troops, and removed of the title, "A European Power."
22: George Washington was the Commander-In-Chief of the Continental Army. He was also the 1st president of the U.S.A. | Here are people who contributed to the New Nation | George Mason wrote the Virginia Declaration of Rights which stated that all people has freedom of Religion, press, and court. | Thomas Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence which states reasons why America should break away from England He also wrote the Virginia Statue for Religion Freedom which states that all people could worship what ever they want. Thomas was elected the third president of the U.S. | James Madison used his skills at compromise to help the delegates reach an agreement . James Madison was called the father of the Constitution He was the the forth president of the U.S
23: Sense tobacco sucked up all the nutrients in the soil, farmers in Virginia had migrated west to seek more land for farming. Other Virginians moved west seeking new & great opportunities. As they moved, they took their traditions, ideas, and cultures with them.
24: The Legislative Branch makes the laws. It includes the House of Delegates and Senate | The executive branch carries out laws. It includes the president/governor | The Judicial Branch decides if laws are broken. It also sees if laws offends the Constitution.
25: John Brown (left)was a bold man who thought that slavery should end. His mind struck a bold plan to lead slaves to Harper's ferry and capture weapons for a rebellion. The plan failed and Brown was captured & hung by J.E.B Stuart. | Harriet Tubman was a bold slave that escaped captivity in Maryland. She left Canada and went nineteen trips down to the Slave South and rescued 300 slaves to freedom. Harriet was never caught. | Nat Turner, an educated slave, was born a slave in Virginia. In 1831, he and a band of fellow slaves killed about 60 whites in Southampton County, Virginia. After that, he and his band hid in the woods for two weeks before being caught. After that, no more slave could read or write
26: VS | The North or Union, had no slave and was against it. However, Slavery was still legal, but not popular. The North had an industrialized economy.