S: Virginia's regions, ecosystems, and more 10/7/09
FC: Virginia's regions, ecosystems and more By: Taylor Jackowski
1: This book was made by Taylor Jackowski
2: The Coastal Plain Region is right next to water. The Coastal Plain region got its name because the oceans tides wash into the Chesapeake Bay and rivers. People there like to catch fish/shellfish, and repair boats. The crops that grow well there are normally corn, wheat, soybeans, tobacco, and peanuts. People can also grow fruits, vegetables, and cotton. The Farmers there raise hogs, chickens, and some turkeys. The Coastal Plain is right off of the Fall Line, an important natural feature. When a stream or river flows downhill over rocks, there is a waterfall or rapids. If you placed an “x” on the first falls of each river, then connected the “x”s, you would draw the Fall Line. Many industries were made along the Fall Line, because falling water can make power to run machines. There is calm, flat water below the falls-a safe place for boats.
4: The Appalachian plateau, and mountains
5: The Appalachian Plateau is the smallest land region. A plateau is a flat, high area of land. It also has the smallest city, Norton. The Appalachian Plateau is part of huge mountains called the Appalachian Mountains. They are kind of like a backbone in the way they run down the eastern United States. The Appalachian Plateau has very important minerals. Miners dig coal and use it for industry, and electricity. They also mine zinc. Zinc can be used for brass, iron, steel, paint, and rubber tires. People there also grow tobacco.
6: The Piedmont Region rises and turns into rolling hills. The name Piedmont means the foot of the mountain. This is a great region for farming. Farmers there grow crops like apples, peaches, corn, wheat, soybeans, and hay. Farmers in the southern part of the region, grow peanuts, tobacco, and cotton. The farm animals are important too. Farmers raise cattle, turkeys, and chickens. Livestock are animals raised to make money, eggs, meat, or milk. Piedmont is also an awesome horse country.
7: The Piedmont region
8: The Blue Ridge Mountains starts in Pennsylvania and finishes in Georgia. It runs across the middle of Virginia. Mt. Rogers, the highest peak in the state, is in the Blue Ridge Mountains. In other parts of the state, farming is very important. Hay, potatoes, rye, wheat, and corn are grown in the fields. Cattle, chickens, and hogs live on farms. There aren't many cites in the Blue Ridge Mountains, but if you visit Roanoke you can look through museums and go to zoos.
9: The blue ridge mountain region
10: the Valley and Ridge region has the most fertile land in the state. That means it is great for farming. The region is most famous for its apples. Most of the fruit is shipped places around the country. People make applesauce, and apple juice to sell. Winchester is the states center for picking apples. The Valley and Ridge region is made up of part of the Allegheny Mountains plus other valleys. One of the valleys is Virginia's valley. The largest is the beautiful Shenandoah Valley. It is the center of Virginia's poultry industry. Farmers raise chickens, and turkeys to sell. There is an old song called Shenandoah. The person who composed it must have been thinking of the water and rivers when she wrote the words: Oh, Shenandoah, I long to hear you. Away, you rolling river. Oh, I long to hear you. Away, I'm bound away, Cross the wide Missouri.
11: The valley and ridge region
14: At one-time, forests covered a lot more land than they do today. Long ago, the Native Americans hunted animals and used trees to make their homes. They created paths in the forest to travel from village to village. Later, settlers cut down trees and made more land for farms. Today people of Virginia still use forests. But we must be sure to keep the forests and ecosystems clean and in balance.
16: Freshwater-Lakes, streams, creeks, rivers, and ponds all belong to freshwater ecosystem. A lot of our fresh drinking water comes from lakes, and reservoirs. A reservoir is a lake that was manmade to store water. When people pollute the water, or bring animals from other regions, they can harm the freshwater ecosystem.
18: There are over 3,000 natural caves in Virginia! What kinds of animals like cool and damp caves? Well, there are beetles, spiders, salamanders, flatworms, millipedes, and packrats. The listed animals don't see very well because it is dark where they live. Bears, and bats visit caves but it's not where they live.
19: Caves and caverns
20: Wetlands are good for Virginia. They help keep the water level even when there is rain or melting snow. By absorbing water it prevents flooding. Our wetlands include the Chesapeake Bay, beaches, marshes, and swamps. The places are habitats to many fish, birds, and other rare animals. The Great Dismal Swamp is a home to a lot of turtles, lizards, snakes, birds, minks, bats, raccoons, black bears, deer, foxes, and many types of fish.
21: Wetlands and Beaches
24: Water is one of the most important natural resources. Because of the Atlantic Ocean, and a few rivers we have fish and shellfish to eat. Now we can sell them to markets around the country, and even the world. Shipbuilding and ports are very important for the state's economy. Water is a great resource for boating and swimming.
26: Coal is the most important resource upon the minerals. Virginia has lots of different kinds of stones, clay, sand, salt, and gypsum. Gypsum is used to make paint, plaster, and cement.
28: Virginia has quite a few natural forests. It also has many trees that have been planted by some people called growers. Together they provide timber as a resource. What kinds of things can you think of that we use timber as a resource for?