BC: Bibliography | "W. H. Auden." National Portrait Gallery. Memory Prints, 2011. Web. 23 Mar 2012.
FC: W. H. Auden | "A real book is not one that we read, but one that reads us."
2: Early Life | Born February 21st, 1907 in York, England | Moved to Birmingham when he was young and grew up in an Anglo-Catholic household | Had a love for music and language | Believed he was Icelandic and had a lifelong fascination with Icelandic legends and old Norse sagas | Before he was fifteen he had always expected to become a mining engineer but he loved literature too much
3: "All sins tend to be addictive, and the terminal point of addiction is damnation." | W. H. Auden
4: "All that we are not stares back at what we are."
5: Education | The first boarding school he attended was St. Edmund's School. | Attended Gresham's School in Norfolk at the age of thirteen. | Went to Christ Church in Oxford on a biology scholarship but switched to English his second year. There he received a third-class degree
6: Adult Life | Worked as a freelance reviewer essayist, and lecturer in Britain. | Spent much of his time traveling and writing about the places he went to. | Worked for five years as a schoolmaster in boys' schools
7: Influences | Auden was influenced by unconsummated love | Thomas Hardy, Robert Frost, William Blake, Emily Dickinson, Gerard Manley Hopkins | Old English verse
8: When you look at your life, the greatest happinesses are family happinesses. ~Joyce Brothers | Other Works | "Lullaby" | "Epitaph on a Tyrant" | "As I Walked Out One Evening" | "The Unknown Citizen"
10: Our most treasured family heirlooms are our sweet family memories.
11: About suffering they were never wrong, The Old Masters; how well, they understood Its human position; how it takes place While someone else is eating or opening a window or just walking dully along; | Musée des Beaux Arts
12: How, when the aged are reverently, passionately waiting For the miraculous birth, there always must be Children who did not specially want it to happen, skating On a pond at the edge of the wood:
13: They never forgot That even the dreadful martyrdom must run its course Anyhow in a corner, some untidy spot Where the dogs go on with their doggy life and the torturer's horse Scratches its innocent behind on a tree.
14: In Breughel's Icarus, for instance: how everything turns away Quite leisurely from the disaster; the ploughman may Have heard the splash, the forsaken cry, But for him it was not an important failure; the sun shone
15: As it had to on the white legs disappearing into the green Water; and the expensive delicate ship that must have seen Something amazing, a boy falling out of the sky, had somewhere to get to and sailed calmly on.
16: The Old Masters, or European painters from before the 1800s were never wrong about suffering. Some are suffering while others are going about their business, eating and walking along.
17: While the old and experienced people were anxiously waiting for the birth of Christ, there were children who didn't really care. They were skating on a pond at the edge of woods.
18: The Old Masters never forget that somewhere else, someone doesn't care about that terrible event that's happening and are doing something else
19: In the painting, The Fall of Icarus, everyone is going about their daily lives even though there is a disaster going on. The farmer may have heard Icarus' splash into the water, but it didn't matter to him.
20: The sun still shone brightly and the ship must have seen Icarus falling but had other things to do and kept sailing.
21: People don't care about things that have nothing to do with themselves. | Theme
22: "A professor is someone who talks in someone else's sleep." | The speaker: W. H. Auden | Tone- accusatory | Form- free verse: the poem has no rhyme scheme
23: Imagery: white legs; the green water; and the expensive delicate ship, etc. | Personification:"the expensive delicate ship that must have seen something amazing" | Irony: Icarus is drowning and, when normally someone would help save another person in that situation, nobody seems to care in the painting. | Stylistic Devices | - Helps you understand and visualize the point the author is trying to prove | - Helps support tjhe authors claim that people don't care about things that have nothing to do with them
24: Allusions: "miraculous birth"- the birth of Jesus; "Icarus"- the painting The Fall of Icarus. | Stylistic Devices Continued | - help you understand and connect to the poem and author
25: "Musée des Beaux Arts" involves people don't care about anyone but what effects themselves. This reminds me of "Never Let Me Go" because the clones want to be normal but must die and the "normal" people don't care. Also, Ruth is a very selfish person and doesn't care about anything that doesn't effect her. | Connections