FC: Cold War By: Sam Carson
1: 1. Post World War II 2. Containment Policy 3. Korean War 4. Vietnam War 5. Collapse of Communism
2: Blitzkrieg Literally “lightning war,” the term for Hitler’s invasion strategy of attacking a nation suddenly and with overwhelming force. D-Day June 6, 1944, the day on which the Allied invasion of France via the Normandy coast began | Post World War II
3: Europe was divided into two halves. The Eastern side was communist and the western side was relying on the U.S. NATO An alliance of countries from North America and Europe committed to fulfilling the goals of the North Atlantic Treaty signed on 4 April 1949. Warsaw Pact Warsaw Treaty Organization of Friendship, Cooperation, and Mutual Assistance. The treaty was a mutual defense treaty subscribed to by eight communist states in Eastern Europe. It was established at the USSR’s initiative and realized on 14 May 1955, in Warsaw.
4: Adolf Hitler Chancellor and self-proclaimed Führer, or “leader,” of Germany from 1933 until his suicide in 1945. After a rapid political ascent as the leader of the far-right Nazi Party in the 1920s, Hitler achieved absolute power and maintained it throughout his time as chancellor. d invasion of Europe. Erwin Rommel A field marshal in the German army’s Afrika Korps who specialized in tank warfare. Rommel came to be known by both friends and enemies as the “Desert Fox” for his brilliant strategies and surprise attacks in Germany’s North Africa campaign. Joseph Stalin One of Stalin's post-war plans was to repress the millions of Soviet citizens who were living outside of the soviet border when the war ended. Some were captured by the Nazi's while other were just living abroad. Stalin demanded that these "traitors" were sent back to the Soviet Union and they were shipped off to forced-labor camps, no better than the camps that the Nazi's had in WWII
5: S.S. In German, Schutzstaffel (“protection detachment”), the elite German paramilitary unit. Originally formed as a unit to serve as Hitler’s personal bodyguards, the S.S. grew and took on the duties of an elite military formation. During World War II, the Nazi regime used the S.S. to handle the extermination of Jews and other racial minorities, among other duties. The S.S. had its own army, independent of the regular German army
6: Domino Theory: was used by United States during the Cold War to clarify the need for American intervention around the world. It was to stop of communism to further countries, this theory was made by Dwight Eisenhower. | Containment Policy
7: Marshall Plan: was the large-scale American program set by General George Marshall to Europe where the United States sent monetary support to help rebuild European economies in order to combat the spread of communism.
8: Containment was started to prevent the spread of communism to any further countries. We tried to prevent it spreading in Vietnam and Korea. The Containment Theory was not very successful in both Vietnam and Korea.
9: Truman Docterine: The Truman Doctrine was a policy set forth by U.S. President Harry S Truman on March 12, 1947 stating that the U.S. would support Greece and Turkey with economic and military aid to prevent their falling into the Soviet sphere.
10: 38th parallel: In 1953, the war ceased with an armistice that restored the border between the Koreas near the 38th Parallel and created the Korean Demilitarized Zone | The Korean war was a military war between North and South Korea. In June of 1950, Joseph Stalin, the communist leader of the USSR, ordered North Korea to unite all of Korea under communism. North Korea invaded South Korea. | Korean War
11: Because of America's advance into North Korea, China became worried that America was threatening China's safety. On November 25, 1950, Chinese Communist forces attacked American troops. This forced MacArthur to retreat to South Korea. | During the beginning of the war, the North Koreans had pushed the South Koreans back to Pusan, a city on the southeastern tip of Korea. MacArthur turned the situation into his favor by landing behind the North Korea line.
12: Syngman Rhee was the first president of South Korea. His presidency, from August 1948 to April 1960, remains controversial, affected by Cold War tensions on the Korean peninsula and elsewhere. | Pusan:UN forces, having been repeatedly defeated by the advancing North Korean People's Army, were forced back to the "Pusan Perimeter," a 140 miles (230 km) area on the southeastern tip of the Korean Peninsula around the port of Pusan.
13: Inchon: was an amphibious invasion and battle of the Korean War that resulted in a decisive victory and strategic reversal in favor of the United Nations
14: Agent orange is a chemical used during vietnam to kill livestock and food it also caused damage to a lot of people Napalm is an explosive weapon that destroyed homes forest and killed a lot of people. | The 17th parallel divided North and South VIetnam. Ho chi Minh was the leader of southern Vietnam. ngo dinh diem was the leader of north vietnam. | Vietnam
15: the main reason for vietnam was to stop the spread of communism. it caused a lot of deaths in vietnam and also in america from protests
16: Collapse of Communism
17: Detente: Cooling of the Cold War; easing of tensions in the cold war; Richard Nixon policy Fall of Berlin wall; germany united Star Wars: Treaty between U.S. and USSR to limit number of atomic weapons Mikhail Gorbachav Ronald Reagan