S: We Didn't Start the Fire - 1951
FC: Allan Belfort | We Didn't Start the Fire | 1951
1: In this photo book, you will find important events that happened in 1951, and were mentioned by Billy Joel in his hit song: 'We Didn't Start the Fire'.
2: Julius and Ethel Rosenberg
3: Julius Rosenberg was an electrical engineer in New York. In 1945, he was kicked out the Army Signal Corps because they believed he was a communist, which he denied. He opened a machine shop, partnered with his wife Ethel's brother, David Greenglass. | Greenglass had previously worked in the development of the atomic bomb in Los Alamos. In 1950, Rosenberg was accused of espionage and selling secrets of the atomic bomb to the Soviet Union. The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) arrested him and his wife for this accusation. His wife, Ethel Rosenberg was not involved with the espionage, but she knew what was going on between her husband and her brother. Even though Julius denied what he was accused of, they were later found guilty and were sentenced to death in April, 1951. Both Julius and his wife were executed June 19, 1953.
5: The Hydrogen Bomb, also known as the H-Bomb, was a very powerful weapon during the Cold War. It was never used in enemy countries, but it was a threat to countries that didn't have it. The United States was the first country to test it, and had very powerful results. The H-Bomb was planned by an American scientist called Edward Teller in February 1951. It was then tested on November 1, 1952. | The test bomb could fit in a warhead and required an atomic bomb to activate it. It was 700 times stronger than the atomic bomb dropped in Hiroshima in World War II. The explosion began with a very bright white light that could cause blindness, and then destroyed anything within several miles from where it landed. In 1955, the Soviet Union tested a similar thermonuclear weapon.
6: Sugar Ray Robinson
7: Born as Walker Smith, Jr., Sugar Ray Johnson was one of the best boxers of all time. When he was a kid, his family moved to New York to escape racism in the South. There he began training for boxing. He was a very good boxer and soon the audience began increasing at his performances. After seeing him perform, George Gainford, his future coach said his movements were 'sweet as sugar,' and from then on he was nicknamed this way. In 1940, Sugar Ray won the Golden Gloves Championship, and became the World Welterweight Champion in 1946. Between 1951 and 1960, he held the title of World Middleweight Champion five times. Sugar Ray Johnson, was indeed one of the most outstanding boxers of his time, and was even known as 'pound for pound, the best boxer ever.' In mid-1960's Sugar Ray retired from boxing. Throughout his whole career he was never physically knocked out, which is a great accomplishment for someone playing this sport.
9: Panmunjom is a small village between North Korea and South Korea. It lies beneath the 38th parallel, which divides Korea in two countries: North Korea and South Korea. | The terrain is 4 kilometers wide and it is guarded by North Korean military in the north, and by South Koreans in the south. Panmunjom was established after the Korean War, and is a neutral demilitarized zone. It was here where truce talks were made to end the Korean War. The negotiations were between the United Nations; and the North Koreans and Chinese. The truce talks began in 1951 and ended July 27 of 1953. The Korean War was a conflict between Communists and Non-Communists forces in Korea. The war started when North Korean forces attacked South Korea on June 25, 1950 and ended after the peace talks in Panmunjom on July 27, 1953.
10: Marlon Brando
11: Marlon Brando was one of America's most famous movie stars and directors in history. His performances are best known for his mumbling and way of speaking. He was very famous for doing the Actor's Studio's 'method,' which is a very famous acting technique. | Brando started off in a Broadway production: 'A Streetcar Named Desire,' where he played the role of Stanley Kowalski. He debuted his career on the big screen with 'The Men' in 1950. He later appeared in the 1951 film of 'A Streetcar Named Desire' where he played the main character, just as he did on Broadway. His first Academy Award, was for his performance in 'On the Waterfront.' In 1961, Marlon Brando directed 'One-Eyed Jacks' in which he also starred. The most famous movie Brando has appeared in was 'The Godfather' in 1972, in which he also won an Academy Award for his performance.
13: 'The King and I,' is a play based on the novel 'Anna and the King of Siam,' written by Margaret London. The plot is set in Bangkok, Thailand. It is about and English tutor, by the name of Anna, who teaches English to the King's children. Anna falls in love with the King, even though he was a dictator, and her influence on the King helped him democratize the country. The show's first production was on March 29, 1951 at the St. James Theater in New York City, and ran over 1200 performances. The cast included Gertrude Lawrence as Anna and Yul Brynner as the King. Later on, in 1956, a film was made starring Deborah Kerr as Anna, and from the original play, Yul Brynner as the King. In 1996, the show appeared on Broadway.
14: The Catcher in the Rye
15: 'The Catcher in the Rye' is a very famous novel written by J.D Salinger. It was published in 1951, and sells 250,000 copies annually. This book has been translated into the world's major languages. The story is about a teenager who is expelled from college because of bad grades, and decides to go alone to New York City. He wanders around the city in loneliness, where he is exposed to another side of life. He said his dream is to be in a field of Rye on a cliff, where children play, and wants to take care of them in case they fall off the cliff. This is where the title of the book comes from. 'The Catcher in the Rye' was banned from schools, libraries and bookstores for having offensive language and sexual content.
16: Trivia | What was Julius Rosenberg accused of? Who planned the Hydrogen Bomb? A.- Albert Einstein B.- Edward Teller C.- Charles Darwin D.- Isaac Newton Why is ‘Sugar Ray’ nicknamed this way?
17: What happened in Panmunjom which was important to the Korean War? Marlon Brando was very famous for performing the Actor's Studio's ______________, a very famous acting technique. In what city and theater was 'The King and I' first performed? Why was 'The Catcher in the Rye' banned from schools and libraries?
18: Bibliography | "The King and I - a musical by Richard Rogers and Oscar Hammerstein II." Imagi-nation.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Apr 2010.
19: "The King and I (1956)." The Internet Movie Database. IMDb.com, Inc., 2010. Web. 8 Apr 2010.
20: Pictures | Rosenbergs http://ricojrod.wordpress.com/2010/03/13/top-10-famous-spies/ http://iconicphotos.wordpress.com/2009/05/29/the-rosenbergs-trial/ H-Bomb http://www.flightglobal.com/blogs/the-dewline/H-bomb_1.html http://worldwidewhiner.wordpress.com/2008/08/28/www-world-wide-whiner/ Sugar Ray http://www.worldimages.com/LeisureTime_Sports_Boxing.php http://cyberboxingzone.com/boxing/sugrob.htm Panmunjom http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Gijeong-ri_Flag.jpg http://edition.cnn.com/WORLD/9612/30/korea/
21: Brando http://www.myclassiclyrics.com/artist_biographies/Marlon_Brando_Biography.htm http://www.art.com/products/p10103788-sa-i1289860/marlon-brando-a-streetcar-named-desire.htm?aff=conf&ctid=953122095&rfid=978387&tkid=15035506& The King and I http://www.cutc.org/History.htm http://hawaii-res.com/theres-nothing-really-wrong-with-the-food.htm The Catcher in the Rye http://www.nassaulibrary.org/YABookLog/2006/09/ http://thefastertimes.com/fiction/2010/01/28/jd-salinger-dead-at-91/ http://gcawthonstar.blogspot.com/2007_08_01_archive.html http://30daysout.wordpress.com/2009/12/18/christmas-song-of-the-day-christmas-in-fallujah-by-cass-dillon/