FC: Western Expansion By Andre Denney
1: TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. Ideas 2. Natural/Geographic 3. Social 4. Political 5. Economy 5. Cultural 6. Technology/Scientific 7. Works Cited
2: Ideas Westward Expansion- moving west and settling the land was a widely accepted idea. Many families wanted to seek the new opportunities that were a part of the new land. The idea known as "Manifest Destiny" said that it was America's destiny to expand all over North America.
3: Industrialization- new inventions and factories provided jobs and new products for the expanding country. Industrialization was crucial to New England's society because its soil wasn't very good. The many rivers provided water power to run the machines in watermills and other factories.
4: Natural/Geographic Exploring the West- Lewis and Clark took a crew to explore the Louisiana Purchase, all the way to Oregon. They were searching for a direct path to the Pacific Ocean through the Missouri River. "We are in the view of the ocean, this great Pacific Ocean, which we've been so long anxious to see." -Meriwether Lewis, 1803
5: River Travel- traveling by river had many advantages over horse travel. It was comfortable and smooth rather than the rough trails. It also allowed pioneers to load large amounts of goods on river barges. River travel was not without flaw, however. Most western rivers flowed north to south rather than from east to west, as many hoped. Also, traveling upstream in a river barge, was very slow and difficult.
6: Social The Cherokee and the United States- the United States forced the Cherokee Nation from their homeland and had them relocated west of the Mississippi River. Many Cherokee died traveling to the new land. The path that they took to get there was later referred to as the Trail of Tears.
7: Britain and the United States- the United States and Britain agreed to limit the number of naval ships each could have on the Great Lakes. This treaty lead to the removal of weapons along the boarder of the United States and British Canada. Spain and the United States- Spain owned parts of west Florida. The United States viewed that west Florida was a part of the Louisiana Purchase. In 1810 and 1812, the United States claimed west Florida as a part of Louisiana and Mississippi. Spain was angered but did not resort to violence.
8: Political Andrew Jackson- Jackson related to a large amount of Americans. He was a war hero and a patriot. Thousands of fans crowded around to hear his Inaugural Address. Afterward, they all followed Jackson to the White House. They felt he was just like them. Jackson spread the idea of suffrage for all white men. He was also a known supporter of, and instrumental part in enforcing, the Indian Removal Act.
9: Whigs Gaining Power- the Whig party thought they could win the election of 1840. The country was in a depression, and the Democrats had been in power for 12 years. To relate to the same crowd as Jackson, Whig candidate William Henry Harrison had a log cabin as his symbol.
10: Economy Inventions such as the Cotton Gin caught the attention of the British and helped boost America's economy. British laws prevented their workers to travel to America, but some went anyway to share British technology and factories with Americans.
11: Agriculture was a huge part of America's economy. Over 65% of Americans were farmers. The North had small farms with local markets. The South had large cotton plantations.
12: Cultural Manifest Destiny- a popular belief system created by a New York newspaper editor named John O'Sullivan. John felt that it was America's "Manifest Destiny" to expand its borders to the Pacific Ocean.
13: Mountain Men- the first Americans to reach Oregon were fur traders. Beaver skin was in high demand in Europe and eastern America. Many fur companies were at work all over America.
14: Technological/ Scientific Cotton Gin- Invented by Eli Whitney, the cotton gin removed the seeds from the cotton giber up to 50 times faster than by hand. The American Axe- was a combination of an axe, wedge, and sledgehammer. Increased efficiency and production of lumber.
15: Water Power- powered textile mills next to rivers. The spinning jenny, water frame, and power loom were all water powered. Power is generated by running water spinning the turbine.
16: Thinking Like a Historian Cause and Effect Who/what made change happen? The American's belief system was that they needed to push the Indians westward so they could grow as a country. They thought it was their destiny to expand to the Pacific Ocean. Change and Continuity What has changed? The amount of land that the Indians are allowed to live on without modern society has greatly decreased. They were forced from their homeland years ago, and they have not moved back
17: Using the Past How is the past different from the present? Americans are no longer trying to expand our borders. We no longer believe that it is our destiny to dominate all of North America. Countries have made clear borders. Turning Points How did past decisions or actions significantly transform people's lives? The decision to expand westward to the Pacific Ocean affected many Indian tribes. They no longer live where they once lived, and they do not inhabit nearly as much land. Through Their Eyes How did people's world view affect their choices and actions? Early Americans viewed all of America as theirs. Their view lead them to forcing the Indians out of their homeland. Manifest Destiny was more important.
18: Works Cited 1. Appleby, Joyce. The American Republic to 1877. New York, NY: Glenco, 2005. 304-79.