FC: Expanding West By Dalton Calicher A picture of William Clark and Thomas Jefferson.
1: Meriwether Lewis's expedition with his friend Clark started the expansion west. If he hadn't explored the west it would have been a long time until we discovered the abundant, resource-filled land.
2: Ideas There were many ideas that shaped the world. A lot of them came from 1820-1860. | Ideas such as the Indian Removal Act and the Louisiana Purchase changed America forever. With the Louisiana purchase the United States doubled in size.
3: The Louisiana Territory was bought from France in 1803 by Robert Livingston under the command of President Thomas Jefferson. Thomas Jefferson said, "It is one of the greatest achievements in my life."
4: William Clark was born on August 1, 1770. He accompanied Lewis on the their expedition to map and report on the newly acquired Louisiana territory. Although Lewis was in charge they made many decisions together. | Meriwether Lewis was born on August 18, 1774. He led the expedition of the Louisiana Territory and the land farther west. He went all the way to the Pacific Ocean and discovered Indian tribes, resources, and good farmland.
5: Many Americans decided to risk it all and go west. They brought as many things as they could on a covered wagon and usually traveled together in wagon trains. Some of the pioneers went to find gold. As more people moved west people saw more fortunes to be made than just finding gold. Settlers began opening stores, robbing banks, and farming
6: Natural and Geographic Made a huge difference in the course of time.
7: The Rocky Mountains didn't have a good climate for farming, but they did have a lot of resources such as furs and minerals. Many settlers settled in the Rocky Mountains to mine or trap.
8: The west coast is probably the most resource rich place in the country. The west coast includes California, the most populated state in the country, and it is no coincidence that this is so. The west coast has extremely diverse land, ranging from forests, oceans, rivers, lakes, and deserts. The west coast is also very mountainous. The mountains contain minerals, the flat areas have some of the best soil in the world, and the oceans provide a nearly unlimited supply of food for growth.
9: Deserts didn't provide much for settlers. The settlers had their choice of land so they chose to settle closer to rivers and lakes for farming. However, this trend was broken when gold was discovered in the mountains surrounding the deserts in California and Nevada
10: Social Indians were discriminated, wars were fought, and blacks were still enslaved. All of these factors contributed to the relationship between foreign countries and states.
11: Slaves were still being sold until the Civil War, which didn't start until 1860. The sale of slaves led to the Civil War, which forever transformed the United States and the rest of the world. The southern states wanted to be able to keep slaves, but the northern states wanted to abolish slavery. When we annexed Texas in 1845, we decided that Texas would not be a slave state.
12: The Trail of Tears and other marches signified the end of American Indians being a force in the U.S. After the Trail of Tears, Indians were quickly pushed farther west and given less and less land. The marches signified the extreme disrespect we had for Indians.
13: The War of 1812 started in June, 1812. It started because of the United States decision to stay neutral during the war between France and Britain in 1803. Britain decided to start kidnapping American sailors. America tried embargoes, but they failed. Finally, after being pushed enough, the U.S. declared war on Britain. However, at about the same time, Britain decided to stop kidnapping Americans, but it was too late.
14: Political Politics influenced how the world is today with new political systems and parties.
15: The Spoils System allowed for the contributors of a winning candidate to be hired for positions of authority and power by the winning candidate. The spoils system is still used today by politicians in the form of advisers and other political figures.
16: The National Bank of the United States was a huge political tool for both major parties of the time. The Democratic Republicans led by Andrew Jackson were against the bank, and because of this Jackson gained substantial support from people and later won the presidential election. Jackson being president changed the country.
17: Economic There were many things that wouldn't have happened if not for the economy. | A few things that affected the economy are the Panic of 1837, the Gold Rush, and settlement west.
18: The Panic of 1837 started when the government decided to stop accepting paper bills for payment of debts. This started a crisis where there was massive unemployment, starvation, and credit was very hard to obtain.
19: When gold was discovered in 1848, the Gold Rush officially began. With the Gold Rush came thousands of miners, prospectors, and new settlers. The miners discovered millions of dollars worth of gold.
20: With the Gold Rush came many new settlers who opened up stores, saloons, and farmed.
21: Cultural Culture didn't have as big a part to play as the other INSPECT categories, but was still a crucial aspect in life as we know it today.
22: Jeans were once a symbol of hard work, but now they are just another article of clothing that we wear.
23: During the time period of 1820-1860, there were many deadly sicknesses going around including yellow fever, measles, smallpox, and many others. The diseases of the time killed thousands of Americans and people around the world every year.
24: Technological Advances
25: The cotton gin was invented by Eli Whitney in 1793. It efficiently removed seeds from cotton and did the work of 50 people.
26: The Erie Canal opened up new waterways for trade and financial gain for citizens of the United States. The Erie Canal allowed for expansion of the west as well as trade with exclusive western goods.
27: The first camera was made by Niepee.
28: The Industrial Revolution started in the U.S. in 1800. Factories started to pop up in many places in New England along rivers and lakes. During the Industrial Revolution Eli Whitney invented interchange-able parts,
29: Cause and Effect- What were the causes of past events? The causes of past events were Ideas, Natural and geographic formations, Social, Political, Economic, Cultural, and Technological advancements. The causes of past events spell out the word INSPECT. Another thing that affected past events were people. | Using the Past- How is the past similar to the present? The past is similar to the present because of racism and discrimination. Despite the fact that slavery has been abolished, people are still racist. In the southern states there are still signs that say, "No blacks." I know this because my brother saw the signs mentioned above. | Through their Eyes- What values, skills, and forms of knowledge did people need to succeed? From 1820-1860 most people would need to be knowledgeable in farming in order to make a living back then. Because of intolerance, many people pretended to be Christian when they really weren't. During the Industrial Revolution and the time period around the Industrial Revolution being physically strong was an important trait. | Conclusion
30: Turning Points- How did decisions or actions significantly transform people's lives? The Louisiana Purchase permanently changed American's lives. With the Louisiana Territory came a huge chunk of land and a plethora of untouched resources waiting to be claimed. If we hadn't bought the Louisiana Territory it is possible that Napoleon would have waged war on us, and he probably would have won considering the fact that the French had the most powerful army during the time. | Change and Continuity- Who has benefited? Why? The people who didn't benefit from western expansion are the American Indians. They had the entire United States and Canada to themselves, but now many Indians live on reservations. Many Indians still keep their tribal traditions alive, and it is hard to do when they live on certain pieces of land. However, it is their choice to live on the Reservations.
31: Works Cited Appleby, Joyce. "Western Expansion." The American Republic. Columbus: McGraw-Hill, 2005. (304-375).