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Westward Expansion and the Industrial Revolution

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FC: Westward Expansion and the Industrial Revolution | "Americans are not a perfect people, but we are called to a perfect mission." -Andrew Jackson

1: farming, so few white Americans lived there. Many settlers wanted the government to make the Natives move. President Andrew Jackson supported their demand for Natives' land. This lead to the Indian Removal Act and the Cherokee Trail of Tears, where the people of the Cherokee Nation were forced off of their land. | In the 1830's, there was the idea of moving Native Americans to the land west of the Mississippi River so that white settlers could have the better land. The area west of the Mississippi River was dry and unsuitable for

2: The idea of the cotton gin was very significant and helpful. Eli Whitney was the inventor of the cotton gin. It was a simple machine that removed the seeds from the cotton fiber. The machine was very fast and efficient, and enabled one person to work as fast as 50 by hand.

3: After the Era of Good Feelings, there was the idea of sectionalism. Due to regional differences, most Americans felt they should be overly loyal to their region. They thought of themselves as Westerners, Southerners, or Northerners. Conflicts such as slavery and internal improvements came between the three groups.

4: The growth of factories and trade resulted in growth of towns and cities. Many cities developed along streams and rivers. These cities and towns didn't have sewers to carry waste and dirty water away, so the people were at a much higher risk of getting diseases such as yellow fever. Fire was another threat to these cities. Because many buildings were wooden, if one caught fire, the fire could spread to others nearby. Very few cities had fire companies, so fires were a very dangerous disaster.

5: The Industrial Revolution began in the United States around 1800. It first appeared in New England (Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, Vermont, and New Hapshire.) The soil in this area was poor and farming was difficult, so people were willing to leave their farms and work elsewhere. New England had many rivers and streams, providing waterpower to run machines in factories.

6: New England's geographical location proved to be an advantage during the Industrial Revolution. It was close to Pennsylvania, which had coal and iron. New England had many ports that shipped cotton from Southern states to New England factories.

7: In the early 1800s, four nations claimed the Oregon Country. These nations were the United States, Great Britain, Spain, and Russia. Settlers in Oregon thought that the land should be owned by one nation. They wanted the U.S. to own it.

8: Nine states were developed during two waves of westward growth. These were Vermont, Kentucky, Tennessee, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Mississippi, Alabama, and Missouri. These states reflected the growth of the land west of the Appalachian Mountains. Pioneer families settled along the rivers so they could ship their crops to markets.

9: Families also tended to settle near people of their home communities. Groups of people were often from the same state. These people moved because they wanted to make a new life for themselves and their families.

10: William Henry Harrison | William Henry Harrison, a Whig presidential candidate, ran against president Van Buren in 1840. In order to win, he needed to gain the support of laborers and farmers. He ridiculed Van | Buren but made himself out to be a "man of the people." He won the election by a long shot. William Henry Harrison was inaugurated in 1841. He was the first Whig president.

11: John Tyler | John Tyler, a Virginian planter, was elected Vice President for William Henry Harrison. When Harrison died of pneumonia in 1841, Tyler became the first vice president to gain presidency because the elected president died in office. Although he was a Whig, he had once been a Democrat. He became unfaithful to his party and most of his cabinet resigned. Whig leaders of Congress expelled John Tyler from the Whig party. Soon after, the Whigs were out of power once again.

12: In the 1820s, more than 65% of Americans were farmers. Because of the growth of textile industries, the demand for cotton had increased dramatically. Southern plantation owners had enslaved workers to plant, tend, and pick the cotton. The cotton gin encouraged farmers to grow more cotton. From 1790 to 1820, cotton production increased from 3,000 to over 300,000 bales per year.

13: Most industries were financed by small investors (merchants, shopkeepers, and farmers). Low taxes and competition urged people to invest in industries. Large businesses called corporations began to develop in the 1830s, when it became less complicated to form them. The development of corporations made it easier to sell stock. Stocks are shares of ownership in a company. They helped to finance improvement and development.

14: "They take care of everything pertaining to the domestic economy, for example, making candles, boiling soap... canning berries, spinning, and sewing." -European of 1823 | That is a quotation about women and what they did around their households. Women also took care of preparing starch, baking, and milking the cows. People that worked outside of home made many goods. They used hand tools to produce farm equipment, furniture, clothing, and household items.

15: Families often gathered together for social events. Men played sports such as wrestling. | Women got together for quilting and sewing parties. | Men and women participated in cornhuskings, which were gatherings where families stripped the husks from ears of corn.

16: Eli Whitney, the inventor of the cotton gin, also invented interchangeable parts. These were identical parts that were put together quickly to make a product. Because the parts were all alike, they could be manufactured with less labor and machine repair was much easier. | Eli Whitney

17: This is the power loom. The power loom was invented during the same time period as the spinning jenny. It is also water-powered. The power loom wove thread into cloth. These inventions saved time and money.

18: This is the spinning jenny, a machine invented just before the beginning of the Industrial Revolution. The spinning jenny spun thread. It ran on water-power, just like most of the other inventions during this time period.

19: -Interchangeable Parts- | Below is a picture of a factory. In 1814, the factory system was an important part of the Industrial Revolution. Francis Cabot Lowell opened a textile plant in Massachusetts and used this system. The factory system is a system bringing manufacturing steps together in one place to increase efficiency.

20: The inventors of the Industrial Revolution time period made this change happen. They got sick of long, hard labor, so they invented machines that ran on waterpower to make jobs easier and to make productions faster. | Samuel Slater Francis Cabot Lowell Jacob Perkins

21: The people that have benefited from westward expansion and the Industrial Revolution are mostly Americans. We now have much quicker and more efficient ways of manufacturing. we also have very successful companies that help the economy.

22: The past is different from the present. the plantation owners had slaves to plant, tend, and pick their cotton. Most machines ran on waterpower, and now most machines run on electricity. People relied on river travel and wagons and horses. We now have cars, trains, and airplanes.

23: The American settlers pushed the Native Americans off of their land (Cherokee Trail of Tears). The Native Americans now have reservations- their own land. | The many machines invented lead to more being invented and so on. We now have a machine for just about everything.

24: The American settlers viewed their world as a place that they could rule over. This resulted in them taking all of the land and doing what they wanted with it. They had slaves and were disrespectful to the Native Americans.

25: Works Cited | Appleby, Joyce, Alan Brinkley, Albert S. Broussard, James M. McPherson, and Donald A. Ritchie. The American Republic to 1877. Columbus, OH: The McGraw-Hill Company, Inc., 2005. 306-78. Print.

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Olivia Brist
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